1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Malva Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Australasia, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs; indument stellate
    Leaves
    Leaves unlobed to deeply palmately divided, often with angular or broadly rounded lobes; margins crenate; stipules triangular to falcate, ± persistent
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils or fasciculate; sometimes the clusters forming narrow interrupted panicles
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 3 completely free bracts or adnate to calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed
    Corolla
    Petals usually pink to purple or white, often with dark veins, 5, free, mostly broadly obovate
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous
    Ovary
    Ovary with 8–15 carpels each with a single ascending ovule.
    Style
    Styles the same number as the carpels
    Fruits
    Fruit a schizocarp; mericarps separating, indehiscent, smooth to variously sculptured, glabrous or hairy.
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials, herbaceous to somewhat suffruticose, erect to decumbent or prostrate, nearly glabrous to more or less densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually suborbicular-reniform in outline, crenate to serrate or shallowly to rather deeply palmatilobed, usually long-petioled.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, usually clustered or fasciculate; pedicels often short to 0.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 3 free or nearly free linear to ovate bracts.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, 5-lobed; lobes deltoid, acute.
    Corolla
    Petals usually obcordate-cuneate, emarginate at the apex, often with darker-coloured veins converging towards the glabrous or ciliate claw.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube antheriferous at the apex only.
    Pistil
    Ovary of 9–15 free 1-ovulate carpels arranged around a central torus; style-branches as many as there are carpels, obliquely clavate; stigmas linear, decurrent on the inside of the style-branches.
    Fruits
    Fruit discoid, separating at maturity into suborbicular-reniform free indehiscent muticous mericarps; mericarps smooth or variously sculptured on the back, glabrous or pubescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New South Wales, North European Russi, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, British Columbia, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Japan, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Niger, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Malva Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1908], Morocco K000564906
    Rico, L. [1923], Morocco K000564893
    Rico, L. [1759], Armenia K000297272
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [1049], Brazil K001214495

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 687 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 308 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 687 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0