Skip to main content
  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rhodospatha Poepp.
      1. Rhodospatha monsalveae Croat & D.C.Bay

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1430 m.; Andes, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora, epífita, hemiepífita
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Rhodospatha monsalveae ranges from Panama to Ecuador from sea level to 1,800 m where it is restricted to the Pacific slope in Tropical wet forest (bmh-T), Tropical rain forest transition to Premontane (T-rf/P).

    General Description

    Usually an appressed-climbing hemiepiphyte mostly to 2.5 m, rarely terrestrial as an adult; stems usually less than 1 m long; internodes short, mostly 3-5 cm diam. on adult plants (much smaller on pre-adult plants; juvenile plants with internodes to about 8 cm long, 4 mm diam.); the epidermis (where visible on the older part of the stem), green to gray turning light brown, deeply and conspicuously longitudinally sulcate and sharply ridged, with transverse fissures; cataphylls 16-53 cm long, drying light brown with loose, dark brown margins leaves held more or less erect; petioles sheathed to the geniculum, 22-62 cm long, pale green to medium green, minutely pale-speckled, drying usually reddish brown, sometimes yellowish brown, sometimes irregularly and deeply fissured on drying (the surface densely granular with raphid cells on magnification); sheath drying dark brown, usually deciduous or with some pieces adhering along its length; geniculum sharply and broadly V-sulcate 2-4 cm long, sometimes with a weak, spreading wing on the margins; blades subcoriaceous, at middle or slightly above the middle, (1.8)2.8-3.8 times longer than wide (averaging more than 3 times longer than wide), 1.1-2.0 times longer than petioles (averaging 1.5 times longer than petiole), obtuse and acuminate to abruptly acuminate at apex, acute to somewhat rounded and somewhat attenuate at base (both apex and base more or less equilateral), semiglossy,slightly to conspicuously bicolorous, dark green above, moderately to much paler beneath, drying usually grayish green above, dark reddish brown below, sometimes dark brown above, yellowish brown below; midrib much paler and deeply sunken and marginally discolored in a band 3-5 mm wide along either side of midrib above, prominently raised and thicker than broad below, drying minutely granular on magnification; primary lateral veins to 50-60(83) pairs, 5-14 mm apart, mostly less than 10 mm apart, sunken above, raised below, drying somewhat lighter than surface below, arising at an angle of 60-85 degrees and only weakly curved to the margins (sometimes arising at an acute angle or in a narrow curve before spreading to the margin); interprimary veins usually 1 per pair of primary lateral veins, drying inconspicuously darker than or lighter than surface; minor veins mostly 1-2 between each pair of interprimary and primary lateral veins, sparsely granular on magnification; cross-veins oblique, weak to prominulous, more prominent toward the margins, usually branched, sometimes forming reticulate veins; the surface moderately glossy, moderately densely dark granular on magnification. INFLORESCENCE erect; peduncle 26-30 cm long, ca. 1 cm diam.; spathe greenish white, somewhat yellower toward the margins, white inside, 14-28 cm long, to 4.7 cm diam. (unfurled), to 8 cm wide when flattened, long, oblong-elliptic and narrowly long-acuminate before opening; spadix white to cream, yellow or yellowish tan, pale orange to pale purple-violet or reddish, becoming green post-anthesis (6) 11-20.5 cm long, 9-15 mm diam., stipitate to 1-3 cm, moderately tapered to a bluntly acute at apex, becoming pale green post-anthesis; pistils mostly irregularly and smoothly to acutely 6-sided, frequently rhombic, sometimes appearing almost rounded, 1.4-1.8 mm diam., sometimes broader than long, the margins straight to convex or weakly sigmoid; style drying brownish and truncate at apex; sides of the pistils brown, sparsely warty; stigmas raised, drying black and shiny, oblong to oblong-elliptic to elliptic, 0.6-1.4 mm long, 0.2-0.5 mm wide, depressed medially, becoming somewhat rounded in fruit and often funnelform; anthers 0.6-0.8 mm long, 0.5 mm wide; sterile flowers only a few at the base of spadix (but at least one post-anthesis inflorescence with up to 3 cm of the spadix eaten away). INFRUCTESCENCE to 23 cm long, 2 cm diam.; seeds reniform to rounded and flattened, 1-1.1 mm long, 0.8-1 mm diam., tan.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Other Data

    Rhodospatha monsalveae Croat & D.C.Bay appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Aroideana 27: 123 (2004)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0