According to Flora of Tropical East Africa[FTEA]
Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002
- Perennial rhizomatous herbs usually containing anthraquinones thatcolour the rhizome and roots yellowish inside; roots fibrous, sometimes swollen or occasionally with tubers
- Leaves in a basal rosette, or rarely distichous, rarely on a short woody stem, lanceolate to linear or terete
- Inflorescence simple or paniculate; pedicels solitary and subtended by a single bract, not articulated or articulated at the apex Peduncle mostly naked, occasionally a few sterile bracts below the inflorescence
- Flowers bisexual, hypogynous; tepals 3+3, free or fused
- Stamens 3+3, free or slightly fused to the perianth; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed, ± versatile, dehiscing longitudinally introrsely
- Ovary 3-locular, with 2–several ovules per locule; placentation axile; style slender with a small stigma
- Fruit a loculicidal capsule
- Seeds enveloped by a dull brown or greyish black aril
According to Flora Zambesiaca[FZ]
Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001
- Perennial herbs, often herbaceous geophytes perennating by rhizomes, acaulescent, rarely caulescent; rhizome often yellow when cut, sometimes pinkish
- Roots fibrous, sometimes swollen or fusiform
- Leaves in a basal rosette, or sometimes ± distichous on a short woody stem; lamina linear, flat to ± terete
- Inflorescences terminal or lateral, pedunculate with flowers racemosely or paniculately arranged; peduncle (scape) erect, leafless, occasionally with 1–3 sterile bracts below the inflorescence; pedicels subtended by a bract, non-articulated, or articulated at the apex
- Flowers bisexual, 3-merous, actinomorphic; perianth petaloid, segments (tepals) of 3 inner and 3 outer, free or fused, white or pink, greenish- or pale yellow, yellow or red
- Stamens of 3 inner and 3 outer, free or slightly fused to the perianth; filaments filiform, glabrous, scabrid or hairy; anthers dorsifixed, ± versatile, longitudinally introrse dehiscent
- Ovary superior, 3-locular with axile placentation; ovules 2–many per locule; style slender with a small stigma
- Fruit a capsule with loculicidal dehiscence
- Seeds dull brown or greyish-black, sometimes arillate
- Anthraquinones present in some taxa, giving the rhizome and sometimes the roots a yellowish colour inside
According to Flora Zambesiaca under the synonym Hemerocallidaceae[FZ]
Hemerocallidaceae, C. Zimudzi & G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001
- Perennial herbs or subshrubs, glabrous, rhizomatous
- Leaves distichous, sometimes with bases overlapping (equitant), clustered or evenly spaced on the stem, ovate to linear, sheathing at the base or not; lamina ± flattened throughout, or folded together lengthwise in the lower part and opened out in the upper part
- Inflorescence terminal, paniculiform or of a solitary flower
- Flowers hypogynous or perigynous, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually articulated on pedicels
- Perianth wholly or partially marcescent; tepals 6, free or shortly united into a tube
- Stamens 6, all free and hypogynous or inserted on tepal bases, or all connate at the base with 3 hypogynous and 3 inserted on tepal bases; anther filaments ornamented or not; anthers basifixed or dorsifixed, dehiscing latrorsely by pores or slits Pollen trichotomosulcate (sulcate in Hemerocallis)
- Ovary syncarpous, 3- or 1-locular; style simple, terminating in a small capitate stigma or tuft of short hairs; ovules anatropous on axile or parietal placentas, bitegmic, 1–numerous on each placenta
- Fruit a berry or capsule; seeds black, exarillate
According to Flora Zambesiaca under the synonym Aloaceae[FZ]
Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001
- Herbs, shrubs, or trees, often with thickened roots
- Leaves usually perennial, fleshy, sheathing at the base and occasionally forming an underground bulb, in rosettes or spirally arranged, sometimes distichous, linear to lanceolate or ovate to triangular-conical; the margins with spine-tipped teeth or entire and sometimes ciliate; lamina smooth, rough or warty
- Inflorescences pedunculate with flowers in 1–several terminal and axillary racemes, simple or paniculately arranged; bracts scarious, often sterile below the racemes, sometimes leaf-like on the lower part of the peduncle
- Flowers bisexual, 3-merous, often zygomorphic, pedicellate, red, orange, yellow, white, or green, often bird-pollinated; perianth-segments 6, fused in the lower part to form a tube, the lobes in 2 whorls; stamens 6, inserted at the base of the ovary; ovary superior, 3-locular; style simple
- Capsule dehiscing loculicidally
- Seeds several to numerous in each locule, often winged
- Agrostocrinum F.Muell.
- Aloe L.
- Aloiampelos Klopper & Gideon F.Sm.
- Aloidendron (A.Berger) Klopper & Gideon F.Sm.
- Aristaloe Boatwr. & J.C.Manning
- Arnocrinum Endl. & Lehm.
- Asphodeline Rchb.
- Asphodelus L.
- × Astrolista Molteno & Figueiredo
- Astroloba Uitewaal
- Bulbine Wolf
- Bulbinella Kunth
- Caesia R.Br.
- Chamaescilla F.Muell. ex Benth.
- Corynotheca F.Muell. ex Benth.
- Dianella Lam. ex Juss.
- Eremurus M.Bieb.
- Excremis Willd.
- Gasteria Duval
- Geitonoplesium A.Cunn. ex R.Br.
- Gonialoe (Baker) Boatwr. & J.C.Manning
- Haworthia Duval
- Haworthiopsis G.D.Rowley
- Hemerocallis L.
- Hensmania W.Fitzg.
- Herpolirion Hook.f.
- Hodgsoniola F.Muell.
- Johnsonia R.Br.
- Kniphofia Moench
- Kumara Medik.
- Pasithea D.Don
- Phormium J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
- Simethis Kunth
- Stawellia F.Muell.
- Stypandra R.Br.
- Thelionema R.J.F.Hend.
- Trachyandra Kunth
- Tricoryne R.Br.
- Tulista Raf.
- Xanthorrhoea Sm.
First published in Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 51. 1789 [4 Aug 1789] (1789)
- APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0