1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tapinanthus (Blume) Rchb.
      1. Tapinanthus oleifolius (J.C.Wendl.) Danser

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Stem
    Stems spreading to 1 m or so, generally puberulous at first, glabrescent, grey to brownish, densely but inconspicuously lenticellate
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 3.5–4.5 cm long, red with whitish spots, head of buds yellowish- or greenish-white, darkening, puberulent with short spreading hairs up to 0.2 mm long; bud heads 3.5–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, rounded, sometimes slightly apiculate, somewhat angular and sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling 4.5–6 × 3.5–5 mm, ovoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, tube constricted for 3–5 mm above; lobes 9–10 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–5 × 1.5 mm Corolla tube 3.5–4.5 cm long, red with whitish spots, head of buds yellowish- or greenish-white, darkening, puberulent with short spreading hairs up to 0.2 mm long; bud heads 3.5–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, rounded, sometimes slightly apiculate, somewhat angular and sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling 4.5–6 × 3.5–5 mm, ovoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, tube constricted for 3–5 mm above; lobes 9–10 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–5 × 1.5 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments red; tooth 0.7–0.8 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long Stamen filaments red; tooth 0.7–0.8 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long.
    Style
    Style with neck 2.5–3 mm long; stigma 0.7–0.8 mm across, capitate
    Fruits
    Berry red, 8–9 × 5–7 mm, ellipsoid, with short persistent calyx, glabrescent. Berry red, 8–9 × 5–7 mm, ellipsoid, with short persistent calyx, glabrescent.
    Ecology
    Widespread and common in the drier parts of the region, through the Zambezi basin and across Botswana in dry mixed woodland, wooded grassland and riverine associations, marginally in mopane and miombo woodland; up to c. 1000(1250) m; on a wide variety of hosts, commonly Acacia and Combretum; flowering throughout most of the year.
    Distribution
    Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, BOT W, BOT SE, ZAM B, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM E, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ T, MOZ M Botswana Also in Angola, Namibia and much of northern and western South Africa. Caprivi Strip
    Habit
    Stems spreading to 1 m or so, generally puberulous at first, glabrescent, grey to brownish, densely but inconspicuously lenticellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 2–13 mm long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to glaucous, 3–9 × 0.8–5(7) cm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or ovate, subacute to rounded at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, generally glabrous, with 4–8 pairs of lateral nerves, the middle ones rather more ascending. Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 2–13 mm long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to glaucous, 3–9 × 0.8–5(7) cm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or ovate, subacute to rounded at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, generally glabrous, with 4–8 pairs of lateral nerves, the middle ones rather more ascending
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 1–several per axil, (2)4-flowered, puberulous; peduncle 1–2(4) mm long; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long; bract 2–2.5 mm long, shallowly cupular, with a small triangular limb. Umbels 1–several per axil, (2)4-flowered, puberulous; peduncle 1–2(4) mm long; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long; bract 2–2.5 mm long, shallowly cupular, with a small triangular limb
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long. Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long; calyx 1–1.5 mm long, saucer-shaped, truncate to slightly toothed, puberulous
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1.5 mm long, saucer-shaped, truncate to slightly toothed, puberulous.
    Pistil
    Style with neck 2.5–3 mm long; stigma 0.7–0.8 mm across, capitate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Free State, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Mistletoe

    Tapinanthus oleifolius (J.C.Wendl.) Danser appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Polhill, R.M. [5225], South Africa 52397.000
    Visser, J. [K.2], Namibia 49863.000
    Welwitsch [4864], Angola K000406939
    Welwitsch [4858], Angola K000406940 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [4860], Angola K000406941 Unknown type material
    Allen, C.E.F. [138], Zimbabwe K000406942
    Drège [b], South Africa K000406926 holotype
    Drège [b], South Africa K000406927 holotype
    Drège [b], South Africa K000406923
    Drège [a], South Africa K000406924
    Drège [b], South Africa K000406925
    Menyhart [615] K000406944 isotype
    Menyhart [s.n.] K000406943
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 524], Malaysia Loranthus oleifolius K001111207

    First published in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 29(6): 117 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 193, photo. 79, fig. 18A (1998).
    • Fl. Sthn. Africa 10, 1: 7, fig. 2/2 (1979).
    • Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 22: 11 (1969).
    • Mitt. Bot. Staatsaamml. München 7: 182 (1968)
    • Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29, 6: 117 (1933).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/