1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tapinanthus (Blume) Rchb.
      1. Tapinanthus erianthus (Sprague) Danser

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Stems spreading to 1 m. long; twigs velvety puberulent, sometimes with longer spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subsessile; petiole 1(–3) mm. long; lamina coriaceous, grey-green to glaucous, ovate, 2–9 cm. long, 2–6 cm. wide, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cordate to amplexicaul at the base, glabrous, with 3–9 pairs of spreading nerves.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 4-flowered; peduncle 1–3 mm. long; pedicels 0–2 mm. long; bract cupular, with a small triangular limb, 2.5–3 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, flared, 1.5–2 mm. long, densely hairy.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 3–4 cm. long, dull to dark red, the lobes green, the heads of buds usually darkening before opening, velvety-puberulous to pilose; bud-heads oblong-obovoid to oblong-ellipsoid, rounded and shortly apiculate to a somewhat truncate apex, slightly angular, 4–5 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. in diameter; basal swelling ellipsoid-globose to globose, 4–5 mm. long, 3.5–4 mm. in diameter; lobes ± 7 mm. long, reflexed, the upper expanded part oblanceolate, 4–4.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens with tooth 0.5–0.7 mm. long; anthers 2–2.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style with a neck 2–2.5 mm. long; stigma capitate, 0.8–1 mm. across.
    Fruits
    Berry red, ellipsoid, 8 mm. long, 7 mm. in diameter, with persistent calyx, pubescent.
    Figures
    Fig. 11/1, 2.
    Habitat
    Upland and riverine forest, extending marginally into Brachystegia woodland, on a wide variety of hosts; 1650–2150 m.
    Distribution
    T4 along Congo-Zambezi divide in S. Zaire (Shaba), Angola, Zambia, Malawi and N. Zimbabwe
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Zambia, Mine Path near Walambo, F.A. Rogers 8353 (K, holotype; B).
    Stem
    Stems spreading to 1 m; twigs velvety puberulous, sometimes with longer spreading hairs
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 1–1.5 mm long; calyx 1.5–2 mm long, cupular, flared, densely hairy Receptacle 1–1.5 mm long.
    Style
    Style with neck 2–2.5 mm long; stigma 0.8–1 mm across, capitate
    Ecology
    Along Congo-Zambezi divide in upland and riverine forest, extending marginally into miombo woodland; 900–2200 m; flowering towards the end of the rains and into the dry season, March to November.
    Note
    Overlaps the range of T. quequensis in western Zambia and, from herbarium material, extremely similar there apart from the virtually sessile cordate leaves; field comparisons and notes on host ranges would be valuable.
    Distribution
    Also in southern Dem. Rep. Congo (Katanga (Shaba) Province) and southern Tanzania. Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe ZAM B, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ T Zambia
    Habit
    Stems spreading to 1 m; twigs velvety puberulous, sometimes with longer spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subsessile; petiole 1(3) mm long; lamina coriaceous, grey-green to glaucous, 2–9 × 2–6 cm, ovate, obtuse or rounded at apex, cordate to amplexicaul at base, glabrous, with 3–9 pairs of spreading nerves. Leaves opposite, subsessile; petiole 1(3) mm long; lamina coriaceous, grey-green to glaucous, 2–9 × 2–6 cm, ovate, obtuse or rounded at apex, cordate to amplexicaul at base, glabrous, with 3–9 pairs of spreading nerves
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 4-flowered; peduncle 1–3 mm long; pedicels 0–2 mm long; bract 2.5–3 mm long, cupular, with a small triangular limb. Umbels 4-flowered; peduncle 1–3 mm long; pedicels 0–2 mm long; bract 2.5–3 mm long, cupular, with a small triangular limb
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–2 mm long, cupular, flared, densely hairy.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 3–4 cm long, dull to dark red, the lobes green, the heads of buds usually darkening before opening, velvety-puberulous to pilose; bud heads 4–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-obovoid to oblong-ellipsoid, rounded and shortly apiculate to a somewhat truncate apex, slightly angular; basal swelling 4–5 × 3.5–4 mm, ellipsoid-globose to globose; lobes c. 7 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–4.5 × 1.5 mm, oblanceolate. Corolla tube 3–4 cm long, dull to dark red, the lobes green, the heads of buds usually darkening before opening, velvety-puberulous to pilose; bud heads 4–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-obovoid to oblong-ellipsoid, rounded and shortly apiculate to a somewhat truncate apex, slightly angular; basal swelling 4–5 × 3.5–4 mm, ellipsoid-globose to globose; lobes c. 7 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–4.5 × 1.5 mm, oblanceolate
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments with tooth 0.5–0.7 mm long; anthers 2–2.5 mm long. Stamen filaments with tooth 0.5–0.7 mm long; anthers 2–2.5 mm long
    Pistil
    Style with neck 2–2.5 mm long; stigma 0.8–1 mm across, capitate.
    Fruits
    Berry red, 8 × 7 mm, ellipsoid, with persistent calyx, pubescent. Berry red, 8 × 7 mm, ellipsoid, with persistent calyx, pubescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tapinanthus erianthus (Sprague) Danser appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1958 Rogers, F.A. [8353], Zambia K000406936 holotype
    Bidgood, S. [5713], Tanzania K000468711

    First published in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 29(6): 111 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • White, Dowsett-Lemaire & Chapman, Evergr. For. Fl. Malawi: 352 (2001). TAB. 35, fig. B.
    • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 76, fig. 11/1, 2 (1999).
    • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 196, fig. 17D (1998)
    • Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29, 6: 111 (1933).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 196, fig. 17D (1998)
    • Danser in Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29(6): 111 (1933).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0