1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tapinanthus (Blume) Rchb.
      1. Tapinanthus constrictiflorus (Engl.) Danser

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Gabon to Kenya and Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Plant glabrous; twigs slightly compressed at first.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 5–15(–20) mm. long; lamina ± coriaceous, green to slightly glaucous, lanceolate to ovate, 4.5–15 cm. long, 1.2–8 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, rounded to cordate, rarely broadly cuneate, at the base, with 8–12 pairs of lateral nerves, lower 2–3 strongly ascending.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels (2–)4-flowered; peduncle 2–4 mm. long; pedicels 0.5–3 mm. long from well-developed sockets; bract saucer-shaped, with a small triangular limb, 1–2 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle obconic, 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx shortly cupular, 1–2 mm. long, ciliolate.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 3.2–4 cm. long, pink to crimson, sometimes darker along filament-lines, head of buds green turning blue-grey to purple; bud-heads oblong-ellipsoid, obtuse to truncate, angled to ribbed or narrowly winged, sometimes with bosses or triangular points up to 1 mm. long overtopping the apex, 3.5–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. in diameter; basal swelling 3.5–6 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. in diameter, with the tube constricted for 3–8 mm. above; lobes reflexed, 6–7 mm. long, slightly corrugated on claw, expanded tip narrowly elliptic, 3.5–4 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide (excluding margins).
    Stamens
    Stamens with tooth 0.5–0.7 mm. long; anthers 2–2.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style with a neck 2–2.5 mm. long; stigma capitate, 0.7–0.8 mm. across.
    Fruits
    Berry urceolate, 10 mm. long, 6 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest, on various hosts including plantation crops; 1100–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 T1 U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Congo, Gabon, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Tapinanthus constrictiflorus (Engl.) Danser appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    K000406973
    Gossweiler, J. [10052], Angola K000406949 isotype
    Stuhlmann [1526], Tanzania K000406956
    Stuhlmann [3974], Tanzania K000406957
    Pogge [1347], Congo, DRC K000406971 isotype
    Gillet [1665], Congo, DRC K000406972

    First published in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 29(6): 110 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens in Mistletoes Afr.: 189, photo. 76 (1998).
    • Polh. & Wiens in Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 157 (1994)
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 378 (1982).
    • Balle & Troupin in Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 1: 189 (1978).
    • Danser in Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29(6): 110 (1933).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0