Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Oaxaca), Costa Rica to NW. Colombia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 600 - 1850 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, palma solitaria
Conservation
Vulnerable

[PW]
Biology
Wet forest and cloud forest; 200-2,000 m elevation.
General Description
Habit: solitary, erect or decumbent, appearing stemless, to 60 cm tall. Stem: 1-2 cm diam., creeping at or below ground or leaflitter and attaining 30-40 cm in length, green, densely ringed, internodes to 5 mm long, often covered with persistent leaf sheaths. Leaves: 3-8, erect-spreading, pinnate, variously pinnate or occasionally bifid; sheath 5-10 cm long, long-open, splitting deeply opposite petiole and tubular only near base, green with brownish margin, ageing brown and persisting, densely striated; petiole 5-25 cm long, slender, lightly grooved especially near base and green above, rounded and greenish below; rachis 12-16 cm long, angled and green above, rounded and green below; pinnae usually 9-12 on each side of rachis, 12-15 x 1-2.5 cm, lanceolate or elongate-lanceolate, long-attenuate, falcate, thin, lower margins briefly decurrent on rachis, upper pinnae wider and not decreasing noticeably in length toward apex of rachis, weakly toothed, a prominent midrib and one primary nerve conspicuous on each side of this above; if bifid, blade 20-30 x 6-15 cm, cuneate-obovate, incised apically to 1/3 its length, lobes long, thin, narrowly acuminate, narrowed basally, olive-green above in dried state, paler below, 12-14 prominent nerves on each side of rachis, 2 secondary nerves conspicuous below between each pair of primaries, tertiaries numerous and less conspicuous; or blade variously pinnate with a broad terminal pair and several basal pinnae, lower margin of lowest pinnae obscurely decurrent along petiole to sheath. Inflorescences: inter- or infrafoliar, erect-ascending, arising from base, long-pedunculate, shorter than or about equalling leaves; peduncles to 20 cm long, erect; bracts 4-8, to 15 cm long, narrowly tubular, 3 mm wide, membranous, bifid, longitudinally striate-nerved, brown in flower; Staminate with rachis to 10 cm long, slender, straight, greenish in flower; rachillae 10-25, these to 6-8 cm long, longest near base and becoming progressively shorter toward apex of rachis, slender, widely spreading or ± recurved or drooping, flexuous, greenish in flower. Pistillate spicate or forked; rachis or flower-bearing portion 10 cm long, curved, pale greenish in flower, orange and swollen in fruit. Flowers: Staminate remotely arranged, green, fragrant, sessile; Calyx 1x 1.5 mm, shallowly lobed, sepals connate in basal 3/4, rounded apically; petals 3 mm long, oblong-obovate, valvate, free nearly to base, broadly obtuse or nearly rotund to acute, fleshy. brownish in dried state; stamens 1/2-3/4 as high as petals, filaments short, thick, anthers elongate. Pistillate fairly densely arranged, green; calyx lobed, sepals bluntly rounded apically; petals elongated, short-pointed, imbricate basally, spreading apically; staminodes 6, broadly uniform; pistil depressed-globose, 3-lobed, stigma lobes sessile, recurved slightly. Fruits: 6-8 mm long, ± oblong, black; eophyll pinnate.
Distribution
COLOMBIA. Antioquia. PANAMA. Chiriqui. Darien. COSTA RICA. Puntarenas.

Native to:

Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico Southwest, Panamá

Chamaedorea pygmaea H.Wendl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Linden, J.J. [s.n.], Colombia K001447021
Panama K001447019
Panama K001447020
Linden, J.J. [s.n.], Colombia K001447021

First published in Allg. Gartenzeitung 20: 217 (1852)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447021
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447020
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447019

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0