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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Honduras.
Arecaceae; Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti

[PW]
Distribution
MEXICO. Chiapas. Oaxaca. Tabasco. Veracruz. GUATEMALA. Alta Verapaz. Huehuetenango. Izabal. Peten. BELIZE. Cayo. Stann Creek. Toledo. HONDURAS. Atlantida. Comayagua. Cortes. Yoro.
General Description
Habit: solitary, slender, erect, to 2 m tall or more, sometimes flowering when nearly stemless. Stem: 1-1.5 cm diam., green, smooth, slightly prominent nodes, internodes 0.5-3 cm long. Leaves: 5-8, spreading, bifid; sheath 5-15 cm long, obliquely open above middle, cylindric basally, longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole 10-25 cm long, slightly channeled and green above, rounded and pale below; rachis 20-25 cm long, angled and green above, rounded below with a yellowish band extending onto sheath; blade 25-60 x 20-30 cm, broadly cuneate-obovate, deeply incised apically, shortly emarginate at tips, dull dark green above, dull green below, ± thick, margins toothed, 20-30 teeth per side, 12-18 primary nerves on each side of rachis, each terminating in a tooth, 2 secondaries between each pair of primaries, secondilries ending in teeth, primaries pale, dull, scarcely prominent below, prominently keeled above. Inflorescences: interfoliar but sometimes infrafoliar in fruit, solitary. Staminate with peduncle to 30 cm long or more, erect, green where exposed in flower; bracts 4-7, lowest the smallest, uppermost slightly shorter than to exceeding peduncle, tubular, fibrous; rachis 15-20 cm long, straight, green; rachillae 15-25, lower ones the longest, these to 17 cm long, becoming progressively shorter toward apex of rachis, slender, diverging from rachis at a right angle, drooping, simple or rarely I-branched, green in flower. Pistillate erect, spicate, furcate or sometimes with 3-4 rachillae; peduncle to 70 cm long, green in flower, orange in fruit; bracts 5, similar to those of the staminate; if branched, rachis to 3 cm long, pale green in flower, red-orange in fruit; flower bearing portion or rachillae to 30 cm long, thick, erect, longitudinally angled and pale green in flower, rounded, thickened, red-orange or red in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in moderate spirals, 2.5 x 3 mm, depressed- globose, yellow to orange, sunken in shallow depressions 1.5-2 mm long; calyx 1.25 x 2-2.5 mm, deeply lobed, clearcolored, sepals connate in basal'h, membranous, nerveless; petals 2 x 2-2.5 mm, connate briefly basally, free and valvate apically, thick, fleshy, cupped over stamens, nerveless; stamens 1.5-1.75 mm high, filaments shorter than anthers, 0.5-0.75 mm long, clear-colored, anthers 0.5-1 mm long, deeply bifid apically and basally, yellow; pistillode equalling petals, columnar, expanded apically into a truncate 6-angled cap, flared basally, clear-colored. Pistillate in remote spirals, 2.5-3.5 x 2.5-3.5 mm, slightly depressed-globose, orange changing to brick-red, aromatic, sunken in prominent elliptic depressions; calyx 1.5-2 x 2.5-3 mm, deeply lobed, whitish, sepals imbricate in basal'h, acute apically, nerveless; petals 3.5 x 1.5-2 mm, very narrowly imbricate at base in bud though at anthesis appearing valvate throughout, thick, fleshy in upper portion, this usually deciduous as fruit develops, cup-shaped; staminodes prominent; pistil not exceeding petals, depressed-globose, of 3 nearly free carpels lightly connate centrally near base at anthesis, whitish, stigma lobes sessile, recurved, whitish. Fruits: 15 x 8-10 mm, subglobose to ellipsoid, green to bluegreen becoming black at maturity, remains of a single stigma at base, abortive carpels often adherent to perianth in fruit or pale depressions where abortive carpels may have tom away, mesocarp fleshy, thin, mucilaginous, aromatic; seeds 10 x 7 mm, ellipsoid
Biology
Dense, wet forest on the Atlantic slope; mostly at low altitudes but to 1,000 m elevation; often on limestone.

Native to:

Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti H.Wendl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [s.n.] 48134.000

First published in Allg. Gartenzeitung 20: 73 (1852)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0