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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico.

[PW]
General Description
Habit: cespitose, creeping, appearing stemless, forming dense clumps to 2 x 3 m. Stems: 2-4 cm diam., dichotomously branched, horizontal, green, nodes prominent, congested, internodes less than cm long. Leaves: 4-5, erect-arching, pinnate, to 2 m long; sheath very open, tubular only at base, green; petiole to 30 cm long or more, channeled and green above, pale and rounded below, very flexible; rachis to I m long or more, obtusely angled and green above, rounded and pale below; pinnae 13-20 on each side of rachis, to 30 x 2.5 cm, linear-Ianceolate, straight, briefly decurrent basally, regularly spaced, alternate, drying plicate, acute, departing rachis at an angle like a venetian blind, arching but tips ± drooping, a prominent midrib and I prominent primary nerve on each side of this. Inflorescences: interfoliar or sometimes infrafoliar in fruit, erect, appearing to arise from soil or leaf litter; peduncles 50-70 cm long, ± rounded or slightly flattened, 7 mm wide, green in flower, orange in fruit; bracts 6-7, prophyll not seen, 2nd bract 10 cm long, 3rd 15 cm, 4th 18 cm, 5th 28 cm, 6th 20 cm, tubular basally, ± inflated apically, papery-fibrous, green in flower but persistent and becoming brown and tattered in fruit, longitudinally striate-nerved, uppermost exceeding peduncle and often concealing a small rudimentary one to 5 cm long. Staminate with rachis 3-8 cm long, green; rachillae 6-15, these 7-12 cm long, drooping. Pistillate with rachis 7 cm long, rounded or angled, green in flower, red-orange in fruit; rashillae 10 or rarely spicate, to 15 cm long, 3-4 mm diam., erect, ± stiff, greenish in flower, orange in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in 4 dense spirals, contiguous in bud, 2 x 2.5-3 mm, depressed-globose, angled by mutual pressure, yellowish tinged with green apically; calyx low, ringlike, scarcely lobed, pale, sepals connate nearly to apex, rounded; petals 2 x 2.5 mm, broadly ovate, slightly cupped, connate basally, valvate apically, rounded to straight apically; stamens just shorter than petals, filaments prominent, anthers 0.5 mm long; pistillodejust shorter than or equalling stamens, columnar, briefly 3-cleft. Pistillate close but not contiguous in bud, 2.5 x 3 mm, hemispherical or very depressed-globose, yellowish, slightly sunken in elliptic depressions 2-2.5 mm long; calyx 0.3-0.5 x 3 mm, ringlike, scarcely lobed, barely visible, sepals broadly rounded apically; petals 2-3 x 4 mm, broadly triangular, imbricate nearly to apex, cupped, straight to broadly rounded apically; pistil 2 x 3 mm, depressed-globose, light yellow, styles very short or lacking, stigma lobes short but exserted well beyond petals, pointed, recurved. Fruits: 10 x 6-8 mm, ovoid-oblong, green changing to dark brown then black with glaucous bloom at maturity.
Biology
Moist or wet forest along or in streams and cataracts on the Atlantic slope; 300-1,000 m elevation; usually on limestone.
Distribution
MEXICO. Chiapas. Oaxaca. Tabasco.

Native to:

Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

Introduced into:

Hawaii

Chamaedorea cataractarum Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Chamaedorea martiana 29047.506

First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 309 (1849)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean) Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean) Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0