Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb from a thick rhizome, 1–1.5 cm in diameter, with fibrous to fleshy roots 2–5 mm in diameter.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, sometimes slightly distichous, erect or becoming long and bent, 10–110 cm long, 1–3.5 cm wide towards the base, often surrounded by fibrous remains of old leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 30–120(–150) cm high; peduncle 5–16 mm in diameter; raceme very dense and usually very short and obovoid in outline, 4–10 cm long, 3–7 cm wide; fertile bracts lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 7–18 mm long, 1–2 mm wide at the base, acuminate at the apex; pedicels 2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish to lemon yellow when open, sometimes reddish in bud but often only the uppermost ones, all strongly pendent, ± straight or slightly curved; perianth-tube 18–38 mm long, 2–3 mm wide around the ovary, constricted above the ovary to 1–2.5 mm wide, 3–5 mm wide at the mouth, the lobes 1–3 mm long; stamens included or barely exserted from the tube; filaments greenish yellow, anthers brown with pale yellow pollen; style exserted for up to 4 mm in older flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules ovoid, 5–7 mm long, 4–6 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3-angled, ± 1.5 mm long, ± 1 mm wide.
Habitat
Seasonally damp upland grassland, which is sometimes burnt; 750–2700 m
Distribution
T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8 U3 U4

[FZ]

Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Plants solitary or with 1–3 shoots, not forming large clumps, 30–120 cm tall.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal with short, erect, well-spaced, shoot-bearing branches, the latter usually ± densely clothed in fibrous remains of old leaves; roots swollen, thinly fusiform, tapering at the base, much swollen towards the tip.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable; in plants which flower early the lamina is soft, 6–75 × 2–3.8 cm, lanceolate, acute, entire or minutely serrulate on margins and keel linear to lanceolate, not strongly ribbed; in plants which flower later the lamina is up to c. 100 cm long and 0.8–2 cm wide, linear, entire to serrulate on margins and keel, linear to lanceolate, strongly ribbed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 30–120 cm long, slender or stout, the later flowering specimens are more robust and have conspicuous sterile bracts below the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Raceme 2–5(10) cm long, ovoid, dense, usually interspersed with pale sterile bracts; bracts 8–25 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate, entire or ± toothed near the apex, thin white papery with a dark median vein (lower bracts sometimes with 3 veins); pedicels 1.5–3.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers patent, orange to dull red in bud, later greenish to greenish-yellow, or in robust specimens from Zambia flowers orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 28–35 mm long, straight or slightly curved, slightly constricted above the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens only very shortly exserted at anthesis, later withdrawn.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style finally shortly exserted for up to 6 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 4 mm in diameter, globose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds sharply angled, winged, c. 2.5 mm long.

Native to:

Burundi, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Kniphofia grantii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wood, G.H.S. [709], Uganda 15179.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3222], Zambia 38414.000
Tanzania 42513.000
Speke [31], Tanzania K000256167 holotype
Buchanan [664], Malawi K000256172 Unknown type material
Watermeyer, A.M. [205], Tanzania Kniphofia zombensis 1271.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8302], Tanzania Kniphofia zombensis 24407.000
Richards, H.M. [3451a], Tanzania Kniphofia flavovirens 15180.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8123], Tanzania Kniphofia flavovirens 24458.000
Bullock, A.A. [1875], Tanzania Kniphofia flavovirens 4466.000

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 363 (1870)

Accepted by

  • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Whitehouse, C. (2002). Asphodelaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-18.
  • Whitehouse, C. (2016). Kniphofia; The complete guide: 1-440. Royal Horticultural Society.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Whitehouse, C. (2002). Asphodelaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-18.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Berger in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 38: 59, fig. 22e (1908).
  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 451 (1898).
  • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 11: 363 (1871)
  • Baker in Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 159, t. 101b (1875).
  • Cribb & Leedal, Mountain Fl. S. Tanz.: 189, t. 54a (1982).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 140 (1895).
  • Kativu in Kirkia 16: 31 (1996).
  • Marais in Kew Bulletin 28: 476 (1973).
  • Moriarty, Wild Fl. Malawi: 25, t. 13/1 (1975).
  • S. Blackmore in Nyala 6: 122, fig. 7, 14, 21 (1980).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0