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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Tree (3–)6–15(–25) m high; stem single, to 45 cm in diameter; crown branched
Morphology Leaves
Leaves clustered at branch ends, leathery, narrowly lanceolate, sessile, 40–130 cm long, 4–16 cm wide, base narrowed and clasping, apex attenuate towards acute tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect becoming pendulous in fruit, paniculate, 0.3–1(–2) m long and up to 1.5 m wide; flowers in almost globose groups of up to 100 flowers; pedicels 2.5 mm long, articulated above the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, cream or greenish white, 11–18 mm long, tube 6–10 mm long, lobes 5–8 mm long and 0.5–1 mm wide, translucent, 1-ribbed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits bronze to dark purple to blackish red, 12–30 mm in diameter; pulp orange; seeds white, globose, 10 mm in diameter.
Distribution
Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia and S to Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Ecology
Moist or dry forest or forest margins, sometimes planted as a boundary in fields; 850–2300 m
Conservation
Least concern

[FTEA]
Use
Leaves sometimes used as wrapping material; leaves and root in minor medicine

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Dracaena steudneri Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 24, 2004 Tanner, R. [5262], Tanzania K000522837
Oct 12, 2001 Fanshawe, D.B. [F.4020], Zambia K000523141
Feb 1, 1997 Stauffer, H.U. [563], Congo, DRC K000402451
Feb 1, 1997 Stauffer, H.U. [563], Congo, DRC K000402452
Feb 1, 1997 Vanden Brande in Quarré [4948], Congo, DRC K000402450
Feb 1, 1997 Vanden Brande in Quarré [4948], Congo, DRC K000402449
Jan 1, 1995 Burger, W. [1489], Ethiopia K000522693
Jan 1, 1995 Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000522697
Jan 1, 1995 Tesfaye Haile [836], Ethiopia K000522695
Jan 1, 1995 Meyer, J.G. [7982], Ethiopia K000522699
Jan 1, 1995 Meyer, J.G. [7982], Ethiopia K000522698
Jan 1, 1995 Burger, W. [1489], Ethiopia K000522694
Jan 1, 1994 [Beentje] [s.n.], Kenya K000522832
Jun 1, 1979 Reekmans, M. [8238], Burundi K000402459
Feb 1, 1979 Myers, J.G. [8386], Sudan K000522690
Feb 1, 1979 Whyte, A. [87] K000523128
Feb 1, 1979 Pawek, J. [12172], Malawi K000523134
Feb 1, 1977 Wingfield, R. [4503], Tanzania K000522848
Nov 1, 1947 Pichi-Sermolli, R. [2010] K000522691
Dec 13, 1938 Holst [3260], Tanzania K000255936 Unknown type material
Dec 13, 1938 Snowden, J.D. [2017], Uganda K000522816
Dec 13, 1938 Scott Elliot, G.F. [7829], Uganda K000522824
Dec 13, 1938 van Someren [2298], Kenya K000522828
Dec 13, 1938 Snowden, J.D. [2017], Uganda K000522817
Dec 13, 1938 Snowden, J.D. [1821], Uganda K000522821
Dec 13, 1938 Snowden, J.D. [2017], Uganda K000522819
Dec 13, 1938 Snowden, J.D. [1821], Uganda K000522820
Dec 13, 1938 Chipp, T.F. [53], Sudan K000522689
Dec 13, 1938 Snowden, J.D. [2017], Uganda K000522818
Dec 13, 1938 Chipp, T.F. [53], Sudan K000522688
Dec 13, 1938 Busse, W. [303], Tanzania K000522842
Sangster, R.G. [525], Uganda 16714.000
Topham, P., Malawi 4457.000
Wild, H. [1597], Zimbabwe 5461.000
Geesteranus, R.A. [5307], Kenya 5462.000
Germain [4054], Congo, DRC K000402445
Lebrun [4790], Congo, DRC K000402447
Froment [784], Congo, DRC K000402448
Runyinya [20852], Rwanda K000402456
Lewalle, J. [1533], Burundi K000402457
Friis, I. [30], Ethiopia K000522700
Friis, I. [416], Ethiopia K000522701
Chandler, P. [1861], Uganda K000522827
Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [5307], Kenya K000522829
Perdue, R.E. [8239], Kenya K000522830
Greenway, P.J. [6032], Tanzania K000522841
Semsei, S.R. [2536], Tanzania K000522845
Luke, W.R.Q. [7729], Tanzania K000522849
Davy, J.B. [22178], Malawi K000523125
Gomes Sousa, A. [1538], Mozambique K000523137
Blackmore, S. [1372A], Malawi K000523138
Chase, N.C. [6186], Zimbabwe K000523146
Wild, H. [1597], Zimbabwe K000523150
Wild, H. [1597], Zimbabwe K000523151
Eyles [7006] K000523152
s.coll. [s.n.] K000523767
Archer, A.W. [9206], Ethiopia K000522692
Runyinya [20852], Rwanda K000402455
White, F. [3047], Malawi K000523143
Gilliland, H.B. [K916], Zimbabwe K000523148
Biegel, H.M. [4625], Zimbabwe K000523149
White, F. [3777], Zambia K000523132
Chapman [594], Malawi K000523136
Semsei, S.R. [3644], Tanzania K000522843
Runyinya, B. [875], Rwanda K000402454
Eggeling, W.J. [3158], Uganda K000522826
Buchanan, J. [25], Malawi K000523131
Brass, L.J. [17614], Malawi K000523135
Wild, H. [5834] K000523123
Eyles [7006] K000523153
Gilliland, H.B. [K916], Zimbabwe K000523147
Chapman, J.D. [594B], Malawi K000523129
Chaffey, D.R. [136], Ethiopia K000522702
Semsei, S.R. [3644], Tanzania K000522844
Higgins, J.J. [11725], Kenya K000522833
Chapman, J.D. [1470], Malawi K000523139
Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000523122
Perdue, R.E. [9037], Kenya K000522831
Sangster, R.G. [525], Uganda K000522822
Thulin, M. [952], Tanzania K000522838
Haerdi, F. [595/0], Tanzania K000522847
Lebrun [4790], Congo, DRC K000402446
White, F. [3777], Zambia K000523145
Purseglove, J.W. [P.3119], Uganda K000522825
Sangster, R.G. [525], Uganda K000522823
Swynnerton, C.F.M. [725], Angola K000523124
Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Malawi K000523130
Semsei, S.R. [2536], Tanzania K000522846
Bamps, P. [3146], Rwanda K000402453
[Koritschoned] [1336], Tanzania K000522839
Greenway, P.J. [6032], Tanzania K000522840
Burger, W. [3642], Ethiopia K000522696
Davy, J.B. [21235], Malawi K000523127
White, F. [3047], Malawi K000523133
Chapman, J.D. [6390], Malawi K000523140
Topham, P. [899], Malawi K000523126
Greenway, P.J. [1546], Tanzania K000522850
Baudet, J.C. [290], Burundi K000402458

First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 143 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Damen, T.H.J. & al. (2018). Taxonomic novelties in African Dracaena (Dracaenaceae) Blumea 63: 31-53.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 441 (1898)
  • Bos in Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 6: 79, t. 187/ 5 (1997).
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theil C: 143 (1895)
  • H. J. Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 640 (1994)
  • Hamilton, Uganda forest trees: 76 (1981)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 21 (1949)
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 68 (1982)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0