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This species is accepted, and its native range is Benin to Angola.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Agavaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A tree about 30 ft. high
Ecology
In forest.

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree (2.4–)4.5–30 m high, evergreen, single-stemmed or often multistemmed or much branched from near ground level; stem to 2 m in diameter
Morphology Leaves
Leaves clustered near branch ends, narrowly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate or obovate, sessile, (4–)8–40(–50) cm long, (0.3–)0.8–3.8(–4.5) cm wide, base cuneate but the very base half-amplexicaul, apex acute with a mucro, ‘midrib’ prominent beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, racemose to paniculate, continous to stem and branches; flowers in groups of 2–6, rarely solitary; pedicel 1–4 mm long or up to 9 mm and orange in fruit, articulated at the top
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy white or pure white, yellow-green outside, the tips of lobes greenish to purple, 12–50 mm long, tube 3–25 mm long, lobes 8–24 mm long, 2–3 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits orange to scarlet, globose or lobed when 2–3-seeded, 10–32 mm in diameter; seeds brown, globose, 10–20 mm in diameter.
Distribution
Widespread in tropical Africa
Ecology
Moist forest, often near streams, or riverine forest, also in forest margins and secondary bushland; may be locally common; 0–1400(–1600) m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
Bos (1984) cites {i}Mann {/i}2339 as the lectotype, this is clearly a typographical error, as the specimen he annotated as lectotype at K is {i}Mann {/i}2329.

[FTEA]
Use
Branches used for toothbrushes

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Zaïre

Dracaena mannii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 3, 2009 Mwangoka, M.A. [3380], Tanzania K000523090
Jul 3, 2009 Ezrom, P. [27], Tanzania K000523091
May 1, 2006 Darbyshire, I. [227], Cameroon K000339474
Jan 1, 2005 Congdon, T.C.E. [664], Malawi K000523108
Jan 1, 2005 Congdon, T.C.E. [664], Malawi K000523107
Jan 1, 2005 Congdon, T.C.E. [664], Malawi K000204153
Oct 18, 2002 McClounie, J. [183] K000523260
Oct 18, 2002 Sanome, M. [907], Zambia K000523266
Mar 12, 2002 Grandvaux Barbosa, L.A. [G.B.4433], Mozambique K000523159
Jan 1, 2002 Congdon, T.C.E. [626], Tanzania K000522745
Feb 1, 1997 Consens, J.E. [FHI7417], Nigeria K000402280
Jan 1, 1995 Milne-Redhead, E. [8545], Tanzania K000522742
Jan 1, 1995 Milne-Redhead, E. [8545], Tanzania K000522744
Jan 1, 1995 Milne-Redhead, E. [8545], Tanzania K000522743
Jan 1, 1989 Greenway, P.J. [4698], Tanzania K000522739
Jan 1, 1989 Faulkner, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000523096
Jan 1, 1989 Dawe, M.T. [461], Mozambique K000523098
Jan 1, 1989 Gossweiler, J. [6643], Angola K000402412
Jan 1, 1989 Toms, K.E. [13M], Tanzania K000522746
Jan 1, 1989 Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000523099
Jan 1, 1989 Gossweiler, J. [8995], Angola K000522629
Jan 1, 1989 Goetze, W. [154], Tanzania K000522741
Jan 1, 1989 Gossweiler, J. [8096], Angola K000402413
Jan 1, 1989 White, F. [3095], Zambia K000523105
Jan 1, 1989 Dawe, M.T. [461], Mozambique K000204160
Jan 1, 1989 Dawe, M.T. [461], Mozambique K000523097
Jan 1, 1989 Warber, T. [LJU49516], Central African Republic K000402414
Jan 1, 1989 Gillett, J.B. [21075], Kenya K000522731
Jan 1, 1989 Pirozynski, K.A. [P180], Tanzania K000522738
Jan 1, 1989 Gossweiler, J. [651], Angola K000523109
Jan 1, 1989 Greenway, P.J. [4698], Tanzania K000522740
Jan 1, 1989 Gossweiler, J. [6643], Angola K000402411
Jan 1, 1988 Szynnerton, C.F.M. [80], Zimbabwe K000523106 isotype
Jan 1, 1988 Brunt, M. [289], Cameroon K000402408
Jan 1, 1988 Archer, P.G. [712], Kenya K000522732
Jan 1, 1986 Strey, R.G. [10442], South Africa K000523662
Jan 1, 1986 Strey, R.G. [8201], South Africa K000523661
Jan 1, 1985 Barter [1511], Nigeria K000400067 syntype
Jan 1, 1985 Trapnell [1779], Zambia K000523103
Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, N.W. [9591], Sierra Leone K000402244
Jan 1, 1985 White, F. [3527], Zambia K000523104
Jan 1, 1985 Lawton, R.M. [1599], Zambia K000523101
Jan 1, 1985 Robertson, R.G. [235], Zambia K000523102
Jan 1, 1984 Perrottet [785], Senegal K000255906 isotype
Jan 1, 1984 Heudelot [s.n.], Guinea K000255907 holotype
Jan 1, 1984 Lane-Poole, C.E. [189], Sierra Leone K000402247
Jan 1, 1984 Enti, A.A. [R804], Ghana K000402255
Jan 1, 1984 Vigne, C. [1634], Ghana K000402261
Jan 1, 1984 Latilo, M.G. [FHI47677], Nigeria K000402275
Jan 1, 1984 Thomas, N.W. [156], Nigeria K000402276
Jan 1, 1984 Latilo, M.G. [FHI22745], Nigeria K000402270
Jan 1, 1984 Aké Assi, L. [8517], Côte d'Ivoire K000402248
Jan 1, 1984 Thompson [506], Nigeria K000402278
Jan 1, 1984 Vigne, C. [1634], Ghana K000402263
Jan 1, 1984 Latilo, M.G. [FHI22745], Nigeria K000402271
Jan 1, 1984 Okafor, J.C. [FHI36851], Nigeria K000402272
Jan 1, 1984 Vigne, C. [1634], Ghana K000402262
Jan 1, 1966 Moloney [2] K000402281
Jan 27, 1965 Adjanohoun, E.J. [118], Benin K000402266
Chevalier. [2575], Sudan K000255905 Unknown type material
Mann, G. [2329], Nigeria K000255908 lectotype
Mann, G. [2329], Nigeria K000255909 isolectotype
Mann, G. [2329], Nigeria K000255910 isolectotype
Thomson [8], Nigeria K000400065 syntype
Deighton, F.C. [2476], Sierra Leone K000402241
Morton, J.K. [SL899], Sierra Leone K000402243
Johnson [870], Ghana K000402259
Morton, J.K. [GC9777], Ghana K000402260
Eimunjeze, Ekwuno [FHI69960], Nigeria K000402268
Onyeachusim [FHI54072], Nigeria K000402273
Louis [4150], Congo, DRC K000402416
Faulkner, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000523094
Simon, B.K. [1077], Zambia K000523142
Dawe, M.T. [184], Angola K000523157
Andick, J.E. [3728], Ghana K000402252
Lowe, J. [4531], Nigeria K000402279
Aké Assi, L. [9534], Côte d'Ivoire K000402250
Irvine, F.R. [315], Ghana K000402258
Thomas, D.W. [4507], Cameroon K000402407
Darko, K.O. [1027], Ghana K000402256
Enti [GC57543], Ghana K000402254
Thomas, N.W. [1026], Sierra Leone K000402245
Aké Assi, L. [9534], Côte d'Ivoire K000402249
Eimunjeze, Ekwuno [FHI69960], Nigeria K000402269
Onyeachusim [FHI54072], Nigeria K000402274
Gane [130], Tanzania K000522737
Thomas, N.W. [1026], Sierra Leone K000402246
Timberlake, J. [4939], Mozambique K000545289
Sargos [217], Congo K000402410
Golding, J.S. [33], Mozambique K000523100
Chipp [193], Ghana K000402253
Faulkner, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000523095
Hughes, F.E. [1768], Ghana K000402257
Sosef, M.S.M. [941], Gabon K000402419
Amshoff, G.J.H. [3000], Côte d'Ivoire K000402251
Dennett, R.E. [s.n.], Nigeria K000402267
Abeid, Y.S. [2012], Tanzania K000524022
Murphy [687], Ghana K000402265
Fay, J.M. [2162], Central African Republic K000402415
Deighton, F.C. [2476], Sierra Leone K000402242
Robyns [4245], Congo, DRC K000402418
Pope, G. [1398], Zimbabwe K000523144
Timberlake, J. [5366], Mozambique K000614364
Louis [4150], Congo, DRC K000402417
Moutsambote, J.M. [6710], Congo K000617378
Louis, J. [3589], Congo, DRC K000402409
Abeid, Y.S. [2323], Tanzania K000524023
P.F.O. [3 [s.n.?]], Nigeria K000402277
Vigne, C. [2478], Ghana K000402264

First published in J. Bot. 12: 164 (1874)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 438
  • Hepper in Kew Bull. 22: 451 (1968).
  • in J. Bot. 12: 164 (1874)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Damen, T.H.J. & al. (2018). Taxonomic novelties in African Dracaena (Dracaenaceae) Blumea 63: 31-53.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 438 (1898)
  • Baker in Journal of Botany 12: 164 (1874)
  • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 14: 526 (1875)
  • Bos in Flora of Southern Africa 5, 3: 3, t. 9 (1992).
  • Bos, Dracaena in W Afr.: 82, t. 15 & 16, 12 (1984)
  • Hepper, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3 (1): 156 (1968)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0