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This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to South Sudan and Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, 1–6 m high, often sprawling, sarmentose or scrambling, the stem prominently lenticillate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic or less often ovate or obovate, (4–)8–20 cm long, (1–)2.5–7 cm wide, base cuneate to rounded into an amplexicaul sheath, apex acuminate; petiole 5–15 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence horizontal to pendent, paniculate, (5–)15–50 cm long, flowers occurring singly, each with a sheathing bract 2–3 mm long; pedicel 2–17 mm long, articulated above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, greenish white or greenish pink, 12–20 mm long, tube to 3 mm, lobes 9–17 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, with a single median rib
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits orange-red, globose, lobed when several-seeded, 6–12 mm in diameter; seeds globose or flattened, 4–7 mm in diameter
Distribution
Widespread in tropical Africa
Ecology
Moist forest, in dry forest usually near water, riverine forest; may be locally common; 1–2250 m
Conservation
Least concern

[FWTA]

Agavaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Slender shrub
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
A slender lax pendulous panicle.

[FTEA]
Use
Root decoction as minor medicine

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Dracaena laxissima Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13431], Cameroon K000580271
May 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11730], Cameroon K000339475
Jan 1, 2005 Price, D. [WK240], Tanzania K000522978
Jan 1, 2005 Congdon, T.C.E. [666], Malawi K000523242
Jan 1, 2005 Congdon, T.C.E. [335], Malawi K000523243
Jan 1, 2005 Price, D. [WK66], Tanzania K000522977
Dec 1, 2003 Jannerup [300], Tanzania K000522965
Dec 1, 2003 Jannerup [235], Tanzania K000522964
Feb 1, 1997 Ujor, E. [FHI27999], Nigeria K000402239
Feb 1, 1997 Onochie, C.F.A [FHI34321], Nigeria K000402237
Jan 1, 1997 Ndam, N. [747B], Cameroon K000437979
Dec 1, 1994 Baker, W.J. [262], Cameroon K000436902
Dec 1, 1994 Watts, J. [615], Cameroon K000436746
Dec 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [540], Cameroon K000437500
Dec 1, 1994 Ndam, N. [608], Cameroon K000437969
Dec 1, 1994 Watts, J. [816], Cameroon K000339517
Dec 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [863], Cameroon K000339381
Feb 4, 1994 Sigara [301], Tanzania K000522939
Jan 1, 1994 Hunt, L. V. [54], Cameroon K000436371
Jan 1, 1992 Watts, J. [350], Cameroon K000865020
Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1341], Cameroon K000865024
Jan 1, 1992 Watts, J. [213], Cameroon K000865034
Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [320], Cameroon K000865022
Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [320], Cameroon K000865037
Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [288], Cameroon K000865021
Jan 1, 1992 Watts, J. [379], Cameroon K000865019
Jan 1, 1989 Thomas, D.W. [7404], Cameroon K000522576
Jan 1, 1987 Borhidi, A. [87336], Tanzania K000522950
Jan 1, 1985 Cribb, P. [10490], Tanzania K000522985
Jan 1, 1981 Friis, I. [221], Sudan K000522706
Mar 1, 1979 Dransfield, J. [4822], Tanzania K000522953
Mar 1, 1979 Dransfield, J. [4822], Tanzania K000522954
Feb 1, 1979 Quintas, F. [1] K000255924
Feb 1, 1979 Bigger, M. [2133], Tanzania K000522948
Feb 1, 1979 Burtt, B.D. [1833], Tanzania K000522949
Feb 1, 1979 Letouzey, R. [3627], Cameroon K000522580
Jan 1, 1979 Cribb, P. [11016], Tanzania K000522973
May 24, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14965], Cameroon K000522573
Jun 2, 1975 Letouzey, R. [13692], Cameroon K000522574
Jul 1, 1969 Lewalle, J. [3597], Burundi K000522568
Jul 1, 1969 Lewalle, J. [3597], Burundi K000522567
Jul 1, 1969 Lewalle, J. [3597], Burundi K000522566
Harley, R.M. [9234], Tanzania 11013.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10386], Tanzania 24523.000
4455.000
Patel, H. [7249], Mozambique K000545210
Harris, T. [538], Malawi K000614620
Timberlake, J. [5421], Mozambique K000614410
Chapman, H.M. [4598], Nigeria K000402234
Louis, J. [9434], Congo, DRC K000522560
Louis, J. [9434], Congo, DRC K000522561
Sillitoe, F. [270], Sudan K000522704
Dawkins, H.C. [758], Uganda K000522892
Chandler, P. [1778], Uganda K000522893
[..mahon, illgible] [s.n.], Uganda K000522901
[TBMaittands] [320], Uganda K000522905
Perdue, R.E. [9299], Kenya K000522908
Polhill [345], Kenya K000522910
Magogo, F. [962], Kenya K000522911
Gillett, J.B. [15109], Kenya K000522921
Eggeling, W.J. [E6461], Tanzania K000522927
Verdcourt, B. [93], Tanzania K000522929
Bruce, G.M. [1116], Tanzania K000522935
Soleman, R. [7569], Tanzania K000522937
Schileben H.J. [3377], Tanzania K000522938
Lynes, H. [F.G.39], Tanzania K000522943
Brummond, R.B. [1702], Tanzania K000522946
Semsei, S.R. [3182], Tanzania K000522955
Semsei, S.R. [3192], Tanzania K000522956
[Tauuer, L] [T236], Tanzania K000522976
Leliyo, G. [346], Tanzania K000522981
Ruffo [2266], Tanzania K000522983
Ruffo [2267], Tanzania K000522984
Kisena [1664], Tanzania K000522986
Kisena [1664], Tanzania K000522987
Goldblatt, P. [8265], Tanzania K000522990
Vaughan, J.H. [598], Tanzania K000522993
Taylor [96/2], Tanzania K000522994
Brummitt, R.K. [9385], Malawi K000523231
Brummitt, R.K. [11289], Malawi K000523232
Thompson, S.A. [5976], Malawi K000523235
Pawek, J. [13408], Malawi K000523237
Blackmore, S. [1041], Malawi K000523241
Hillard, O.M. [4632], Malawi K000523245
Lovett, J. [2680], Tanzania K000522928
Burtt Davy, J. [21141], Malawi K000523226
Napier, E.R. [6015], Kenya K000522916
Thomas, D.W. [7833], Cameroon K000522575
Moreau, R. [H29/32], Tanzania K000522933
Salubeni, A.J. [553], Malawi K000523247
Milne-Redhead, E. [9350], Tanzania K000522960
Harley, R.M. [9234], Tanzania K000522966
Fanshawe, D.B. [F11631], Zambia K000523251
Ruffo [1558], Tanzania K000522980
White, F. [2755], Zambia K000523258
Thomas, D. [2246], Cameroon K000522579
Horlyck, V. [TZ385], Tanzania K000522982
Procter, J. [827], Tanzania K000522958
Milne-Redhead, E. [9350], Tanzania K000522959
Dümmer, R. [745], Uganda K000522904
Katende, A.B. [K1165.A], Uganda K000522894
Stolz, A. [117], Tanzania K000522941
Burtt, B.D. [1239], Tanzania K000522970
Battiscombe, E. [860], Kenya K000522917
Robson, N.K.B. [482], Zambia K000523255
Mgaga, C.D. [241], Tanzania K000522940
Louis, J. [6396], Congo, DRC K000522562
Robson, N.K.B. [1365], Malawi K000523234
unknown [927], Tanzania K000522934
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000523229
Phillips, E. [723], Malawi K000523236
Andrews, F.W. [A1978], Sudan K000522705
Milne-Redhead, E. [10386], Tanzania K000522963
Thomas, D. [2568], Cameroon K000522556
Purseglove, J.W. [P.2692], Uganda K000522896
Van der Ben, D. [2120], Burundi K000522572
Chapman, H.M. [80], Nigeria K000402232
s.coll. [s.n.] K000523737
Chapama, H. [4], Mozambique K000613686
Faden, R.B. [72/268], Kenya K000522924
Grosvenor, R. [1232], Malawi K000523246
Bogdan, A. [AB2445], Kenya K000522909
Wood, G. [237], Uganda K000522902
Procter, J. [826], Tanzania K000522957
Goldblatt, P. [8300], Tanzania K000522988
Congdon, C. [6], Tanzania K000522979
Timberlake, J. [5079], Mozambique K000613459
Beentje, H.J. [1076], Kenya K000522919
Farquhar, J.H.J. [13], Nigeria K000402238
Toms, K.E. [23], Tanzania K000522992
Brummitt, R.K. [15134], Malawi K000523250
Troupin [6348], Congo, DRC K000522565
Williams, G.R. [11], Tanzania K000522925
Koritschoner [719], Tanzania K000522936
Greenway, P.J. [5890], Tanzania K000522932
Blackmore, S. [1527], Malawi K000523240
Chapman, H.M. [2658], Nigeria K000402236
Bally [7464], Kenya K000522914
Brummond, R.B. [1702], Tanzania K000522947
Cribb, P. [10425], Tanzania K000522975
Bidgood, S. [4840], Tanzania K000522991
Chapman, H.M. [80], Nigeria K000402233
Zenker, G. [2126], Cameroon K000522563
Wild, H. [6175], Malawi K000523233
Gillman, H. [618], Tanzania K000522926
Chapman, J.D. [9452], Malawi K000523230
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000523244
Linder, D.H. [1727], Congo, DRC K000522557
Pawek, J. [10034], Zambia K000523248
Loveridge, M.V. [642], Congo, DRC K000522559
Bally [7896], Kenya K000522913
Gardner, H.M. [B11415], Kenya K000522922
Kabuye, C.H.S. [193], Tanzania K000522972
[TBMaittands] [718], Uganda K000522906
s.coll. [Herb. Amani44i?], Tanzania K000522930
Robson, N.K.B. [202], Zambia K000523252
Latilo, M.G. [FHI67540], Nigeria K000402235
Goldblatt, P. [8265], Tanzania K000522989
Carmichael [427], Tanzania K000522971
Chapman, J.D. [5943], Malawi K000523239
Timberlake, J. [6008], Malawi K000614752
Byabainazi, J.W. [31], Uganda K000522889
Renvoize, S.A. [1634], Tanzania K000522942
Pocs, T. [6908/F], Tanzania K000522968
Buchanan, J. [1485], Malawi K000523228
Battiscombe, E. [860], Kenya K000522918
Yamada, T. [213], Congo, DRC K000522581
Lees, H.M.N. [65], Zambia K000523256
Cunningham, A.B. [s.n.], Uganda K000522907
Chapman, J.D. [5661], Malawi K000523238
van Houtte [642/35] K000522995
Pawek, J. [11280], Malawi K000523249
Gilbert, M.G. [6200], Kenya K000522920
Maitland, T.D. [1686], Cameroon K000522554
Eggeling, W.J. [E.3783], Uganda K000522898
Germain, R. [3019], Congo, DRC K000522564
Harris, T. [90], Mozambique K000545079
Bally, P.R.O. [B8702], Kenya K000522923
Bidgood, S. [506], Tanzania K000522951
Eggeling, W.J. [3744], Uganda K000522890
Faden, R.B. [74/1300], Kenya K000522912
Sillitoe, F. [270], Sudan K000522703
M.R. [26910], Tanzania K000522931
Leedal, G.P. [3903], Tanzania K000522974
Milne-Redhead, E. [10386], Tanzania K000522962
Brass, L.J. [16806], Malawi K000523227
Maitland, T.D. [1686], Cameroon K000522555
Schlieben, H.J. [1765], Tanzania K000522969
[..mahon, illgible] [s.n.], Uganda K000522900
Thomas, A.S. [Th3973], Uganda K000522895
White, F. [3725], Zambia K000523257
Thomas, A.S. [Th7988], Kenya K000522897
Manktelow, S.J. [93092], Tanzania K000522952
White, F. [3796], Zambia K000523254
Gentry, A. [32807], Nigeria K000402240
Thomas, A.S. [Th2304], Uganda K000522899
Figueiredo, E. [62], Sao Tome and Principe K000522577
Figueiredo, E. [62], Sao Tome and Principe K000522578
Tessmann, G. [466], Equatorial Guinea K000522569
Pawek, J. [13198], Zambia K000523253
Chandler, P. [2105], Uganda K000522903
Bruce, G.M. [s.n.], Tanzania K000522996
Hendrickz, F.L. [1346], Congo, DRC K000522558
Van der Ben, D. [1905], Burundi K000522571
Dawkins, H.C. [758], Uganda K000522891
Hepper, F.N. [5155], Tanzania K000522967
Milne-Redhead, E. [10386], Tanzania K000522961
Christiaenen, A.R. [1216], Congo, DRC K000522570
Semsei, S.R. [S1161], Tanzania K000522915
Jefford, T.G. [1729], Tanzania K000522944
Brummond, R.B. [1869], Tanzania K000522945
Burtt Davy, J. [21555], Malawi K000523225
Leroy [s.n.], Gabon Dracaena elegans K000255933 isotype

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 478 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bot. Jahrb. 15: 478 (1892)
  • F.T.A. 7: 446.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Damen, T.H.J. & al. (2018). Taxonomic novelties in African Dracaena (Dracaenaceae) Blumea 63: 31-53.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 446 (1898)
  • Bos, Dracaena in W Afr.: 79, t. 14 (1984)
  • Engl. in E.J. 15: 478 (1892)
  • H. J. Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 640 (1994).
  • Hamilton, Uganda forest trees: 78 (1981)
  • Hepper, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3 (1): 157 (1968)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 21 (1949)
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 68 (1982)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0