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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Protologue states: “nearly allied to {i}D. ombet{/i}. Panicle glabrous; pedicels densely clustered, 2–3 mm; perianth cylindrical, 12 mm; tube half as long as the segments; stamens as long as the perianth; style distinctly exserted”
Note
The type consists of a (partial?) inflorescence some 22 cm long and unbranched. It looks like it might be a branch of something bigger. There are little clusters of pedicels subtended by triangular bracts 1.2–2 mm long and acute; the pedicels are 1–2 mm long. In the envelope attached to the sheet there is a flower with a tube 5.5 mm long and lobes 8.3 mm long and ± 1.5 mm wide; the style is 17 mm long. There are no other parts present. Only known from the type. The material is not enough to decide the specimen’s generic identity. From the degree of exsertion of the stigma, and the appearance of the pedicels, it could be that this material is a partial inflorescence of {i}Sansevieria ehrenbergii {/i}Schweinf.

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Fruticose perennial; rhizomes subterranean, 2.2–2.6(–3.6) cm thick; stem (15–)20–70(–90) cm long, concealed by leaf bases, erect, terete, with 1.5–3.6 cm long internodes, 2.8–3.1 cm wide, tough fibrous, yellowish grey on outer surface
Morphology Leaves
Leaves crowded, distichous, 5–9(–13), laterally compressed, with flattened sides, rounded on the back, (0.5–)0.8–3(–3.3) m long, 2.5–3.5 cm thick from side to side, 3–4.5 cm thick from front to back, glaucous especially in juvenile and young leaves, erect or less spreading (more erect than in {i}S. robusta{/i}), smooth to rough surface, tapering upwards; rather abruptly ending in a spine 0.8–1 cm long, stout, horny, hardly piercing, basal brown all round; with a triangular channel as broad as the leaf all down the face and 5–12 shallow grooves, very faint or impressed lines down the sides and back; dark green to bluish green, the longitudinal lines blackish-green, no transverse bands; channel margins 1–2 mm wide, acute, reddish brown with small white membranous edges, usually spreading to a slightly wider breadth than the rest of the basal part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculately branched in the upper three-quarters of its length, (0.9–)2–3 m long, inflorescence stalk 0.6–1.1 cm thick, branches up to 3–4 from the same point i.e. a central major, 2 large and a smaller one, 5–7 cm apart; inflorescence stalk wavy, ascending, the lower branched, the upper simple; long bract 1.1–1.5 cm long, subtends each branch; flowers 4–5(–7) per cluster, clusters numerous, 1.4–1.8 cm apart, arranged in a spiral; bracteoles 0.1–0.2 cm long; pedicels 0.3–0.4 cm long, jointed above the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greyish purple, 1.1–1.3 cm long, tube 0.5–0.6 cm long, lobes linear, (0.3–)0.5–0.9 cm long, obtuse; style 1.4 cm long, thin; filament ± 1 long, anthers 0.2 cm long, yellowish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry, yellowish green when ripe
Figures
Fig. 5, p. 37.
Distribution
Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia.Also in Yemen & Oman.
Ecology
Dry wooded grassland, dry bushland, thickets, often on rock or termite hills, also in coastal bushland or drier types of evergreen bushland; may be locally common, can withstand heavy grazing pressure; 0–1900 m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
Clusters more prominent than in {i}S. robusta {/i}and closer together. This species has leaves more upright than in {i}S. robusta{/i}.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Stem
Aerial stem to 25 cm high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 5–9, crowded, in 2 ranks, erect or spreading, 75–180 x 2.5–4 cm, laterally compressed with flattened sides, rounded on the back, with a triangular channel all along above and with 5–12 shallow grooves or lines down the sides and back, tapering upwards to the spine-like tip, dark green with blackish-green longitudinal lines; margins of channel acute, reddish-brown with white membranous edges
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle to 2 m high, much branched; flowers 4–7 in a cluster; pedicels 2.5–4 mm long, articulated above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Free parts of tepals c. 7 mm long, linear, obtuse; tube 5–6 mm long.
Distribution
N1–3; S1–3; Djibouti, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Arabia
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1200 m.
Note
S. ehrenbergii and S. powellii differ mainly in habit (S. powellii with a more or less tall stem and S. ehrenbergii more or less stemless), and are often virtually indistinguishable on herbarium material.
Vernacular
The vernacular names “xaskul” (“haskul”) or “xig” (“hig”) are generally used for all species of Sansevieria in Somalia.

[FTEA]
Use
Used for fibre; Turkana use the thread for beadwork; the juice is used for minor wounds; roots are eaten by porcupine and gazelle

[FSOM]
Use
Some species, in Somalia especially S. ehrenbergii, yield hemp (“bowstring hemp”)

Native to:

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Dracaena hanningtonii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hannington, J. [s.n.], Uganda K000255939 Unknown type material
Thomas, A.S. [3094], Uganda K000400080 Unknown type material
Oct 27, 1994 Myers, J.G. [10544], Sudan Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203256
Oct 27, 1994 Carr, C.J. [721], Ethiopia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203259
Oct 27, 1994 Aronson, J. [26], Somalia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203268
Oct 27, 1994 Myers, J.G. [10544], Sudan Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203257
Oct 27, 1994 Aronson, J. [26], Somalia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203269
Oct 27, 1994 Aronson, J. [26], Somalia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203267
Oct 27, 1994 Burger, W. [2736], Ethiopia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203262
Oct 27, 1994 Strecker, J.E. [s.n.], Ethiopia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203261
Oct 27, 1994 Gillett, J.B. [4885], Somalia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203266
Oct 27, 1994 Bally, P.R.O. [B.7030], Eritrea Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203260
Oct 27, 1994 Burger, W. [2976], Ethiopia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203263
Feb 11, 1988 Tweedie [3522], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203424
Jun 12, 1987 Welch, J.R. [373], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203438
Jun 12, 1987 Dawkins, H.C. [792], Uganda Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203440
Jun 12, 1987 Bally, P.R.O. [8651], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203411
Apr 2, 1986 Mwangangi, O.M. [1463], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203426
Apr 2, 1986 Mathew, B. [6838], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203425
Apr 27, 1985 Richards, H.M. [26446], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203429
Apr 27, 1985 Richards, H.M. [26675], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203431
Apr 27, 1985 Richards, H.M. [26675], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203430
Nov 15, 1983 Greenway, P.J. [2148], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203432
Nov 15, 1983 Drummond, R.B. [1256], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203435
Nov 15, 1983 Drummond, R.B. [1256], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203436
Nov 15, 1983 Drummond, R.B. [1256], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203437
Nov 15, 1983 Greenway, P.J. [2148], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203433
Nov 15, 1983 Pratt [H375/62], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203423
Nov 15, 1983 Bally, P.R.O. [4255], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203421
Nov 15, 1983 Bally, P.R.O. [4255], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203422
Nov 15, 1983 Gillett, J.B. [13732], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203416
Nov 15, 1983 Gillett, J.B. [13732], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203415
Nov 15, 1983 Greenway, P.J. [6435], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203434
Feb 11, 1977 Flock, O. [206], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203428
Feb 11, 1977 Richards, M. [23677], Tanzania Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203439
Feb 11, 1977 Tweedie [3757], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203427
Feb 11, 1977 Adamson, J. [453], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203419
Feb 11, 1977 van Someren, C. [8505], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203414
Feb 11, 1977 Bally, P.R.O. [B12543], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203413
Feb 11, 1977 Eggeling [2920], Uganda Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203410
Feb 11, 1977 Adamson, J. [453], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203420
Feb 10, 1977 Thomas [4428], Uganda Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203412
Dawkins, H.C. [792], Uganda Sansevieria ehrenbergii 18173.000
Gillett, J.B. [13732], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii 24247.000
Schweinfurth, G. [31], Sudan Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000255750 Unknown type material
Stace [s.n.], Somalia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000255751 Unknown type material
Powell, H. [A], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203417
Friis, I. [9364], Ethiopia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203265
Greenfell, A.P. [13] Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203409
Friis, I. [9364], Ethiopia Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203264
Schweinfurth, G. [1835], Eritrea Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203258
Grenfell, A.P. [18], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203418
Greenfell, A.P. [8], Kenya Sansevieria ehrenbergii K000203408

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 438 (1898)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

Not accepted by

  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43. [Cited as Sansevieria ehrenbergii.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 438 (1898)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 21 (1949).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/