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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.
Dracaena angustifolia

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
A weak, much-branched shrub with sessile linear leaves in dense rosettes, 15–25(–49) cm long, 1–3.5 cm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, usually with only one order of branching; pedicels 0.5–1 cm long, articulated above the middle; perianth greenish white, 1.8–2 cm long
Note
From south-east Asia, reported in cultivation in Pemba in 1949 (U.O.P.Z.). I have not seen any herbarium material from our area.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 3, 2013 de Vogel, E.F. [5633], Sulawesi K000401877
Dec 3, 2013 Kartonegroro, A.R. [ARK 225], Sulawesi K000204331
Nov 12, 2012 David, B. et al. [CL950], Cambodia K000524422
Jan 1, 2012 Nguyen, V.D. et al. [HNK-1839], Vietnam K000524338
Jan 1, 2012 Nguyen, V.D. et al. [HNK-1839], Vietnam K000524381
Jul 1, 2005 Saw, L.G. [SAN 145966], Sabah K000203788
Jan 1, 2004 Middleton, J. [1192], Thailand K000401411
Nov 26, 1999 Takeuchi, W. [13555] K000401968
Jan 1, 1999 Mohtar, A. [S.49500] K000401494
Jan 1, 1999 Othman, H. [S.61986] K000401496
Jan 1, 1999 Othman, H. [S.61986] K000401495
Feb 1, 1997 Kanis, A. [1120], Papua New Guinea K000401979
Feb 1, 1997 Loher, A. [6978], Philippines K000401918
Feb 1, 1997 Brass, L.J. [24108], Papua New Guinea K000401973
Jan 20, 1996 Mohtar, A. [S.47252], Sarawak K000401493
Sep 1, 1991 Awa, D. [S.45812], Sarawak K000401492
Oct 1, 1990 Burley, J.S. [3533], Indonesia K000401597
Jan 1, 1986 Beaman, J.H. [9299], Sabah K000401546
Aug 18, 1981 Laijanai, S. [S.35956], Sarawak K000401490
Feb 1, 1979 Ko, S.P. [52114], Hainan K000401126
Aug 22, 1975 Chai, P. [S.35525], Sarawak K000401491
Feb 4, 1970 Byrnes, N. [1669], Australia K000401995
Nov 1, 1940 Neth. Ind. For. Service [bb.25391], Maluku K000401605
Jan 1, 1932 V. Leeuwen [9600], Papua New Guinea K000401942
Jan 1, 1927 Iboet [273] K000401604
Jan 1, 1910 Branderhorst [126], Papua New Guinea K000401938
Forman, L. [291], Indonesia 15201.000
Jeffrey, C. [705], Seychelles 22915.000
Wilkin, P [810], Thailand 60781.000
Ramos, M. [1414], Sabah K000292047 Unknown type material
Walker, J.S. [DB003], Indonesia 73091.000
Armstrong [609], Northern Territory K000400073 Unknown type material
McClure, F.A. [C.C.C.8030], Hainan K000401127
Tsang [697], Hainan K000401129
Forrest, G. [11906], China K000401132
Haines, H.H. [591], India K000401143
Griffith [Herb. EIC5871], India K000401145
Griffith [Herb. EIC5871], India K000401146
Jenkins [s.n.] K000401147
Bhargawa, N. [BSI (A&NC.)6341], Andaman Is. K000401156
Parkinson, C.E. [1605], Myanmar K000401157
Ng [FRI1593], Malaysia K000401378
Chantaranothai, P [918], Thailand K000401403
Wilkin, P. [810], Thailand K000401405
Geoffray, M. [s.n.], Cambodia K000401408
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401476
Ambriansyah [AA171], Kalimantan K000401479
Ambri [AA473], Kalimantan K000401481
Clemens, J. [Herb.20836], Sarawak K000401487
Clemens, J. [Herb.20836], Sarawak K000401488
Fidilis [SAN110851], Sabah K000401547
Fidilis [SAN96327], Sabah K000401548
Keith [3980], Sabah K000401549
Ag. Amin [SAN126609], Sabah K000401562
Ag. Amin [SAN126638], Sabah K000401563
Ramlanto [Ram.196], Sulawesi K000401592
Walker, J.S. [DB003], Indonesia K000401600
van Balgooy, M. [6816], Indonesia K000401607
Eyma, P.J. [2464] K000401614
Nielsen, I. [989], Brunei K000401501
Dransfield, J. [JD7226], Brunei K000401507
Ismail, S. [BRUN16275], Brunei K000401508
Ismail, S. [BRUN16854], Brunei K000401509
H.G.K. [3980], Sabah K000401519
Chai, M. [SAN.29376], Sabah K000401525
Cockburn, P.F. [SAN66039], Sabah K000401530
Bongsu Ahmad [SAN78515], Sabah K000401532
Kodoh [SAN81327], Sabah K000401534
Ag. Amin [SAN126638], Sabah K000401564
Madani, L. [SAN133980], Sabah K000401565
Wong, K.M. [WKM2494A], Sabah K000401570
Koorders, [S.]H. [17717B], Indonesia K000401578
Elbert, J. [3478], Indonesia K000401580
Forman, L.L. [291], Sulawesi K000401582
Jermy, A.C. [7222], Sulawesi K000401585
Vidal [1930], Philippines K000401882
Lam, H.J. [1010], Papua New Guinea K000401937
Vink, W. [BW15316], Papua New Guinea K000401948
Johns, R.J. [7844], Papua New Guinea K000401951
Johns, R.J. [8135], Papua New Guinea K000401952
Hollrung, M. [403], Papua New Guinea K000401955
Adduru, M. [162], Philippines K000401896
Adduru, M. [270], Philippines K000401897
Conklin, H. [181], Philippines K000401900
Fuentes, R. [PPI37407], Philippines K000401904
Vidal, S. [3948], Philippines K000401912
Gammill, J.A. [Forestry Bureau No.290], Philippines K000401913
Lipaqeto, Z. [BSIP3514], Solomon Is. K000402010
Coode, M. [NGF46057], Papua New Guinea K000401963
Sands, M.J.S. [1179], Papua New Guinea K000401964
Wiakabu, J. [LAE73802], Papua New Guinea K000401966
Millar, A.N. [NGF35358], Papua New Guinea K000401978
Ivalaoa, P. [UPNG7717] K000401982
Damel, C.F.E. [s.n.], Queensland K000401988
Daemel [s.n.], Australia K000401992
Brass, L.J. [19299], Queensland K000401994
Stoddart, D.R. [4437], Queensland K000401996
Batianoff, G.N. [10335], Queensland K000402004
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [28] K000402009
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [484-B], Solomon Is. K000402017
Mauriasi, R. [BSIPnr. Illegible], Solomon Is. K000402029
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP6777], Solomon Is. K000402031
Kajewsi, S.F. [557], Vanuatu K000402034
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP1453], Solomon Is. K000402035
Florence, J. [7776], French Polynesia K000402043
Bernardi, L. [11774], Comoros K000523279
Gardiner, J.S. [49], Seychelles K000523289
Robertson, S.A. [2594], Seychelles K000523291
Robertson, S.A. [2670], Seychelles K000523292
Barthelat, F. [484], Mayotte K000523293
Jeffrey, C. [705], Seychelles K000523408
Simmonds [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K000523680
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5141], Myanmar K001104913
Meijer, W. [[SAN]50049], Sabah K000401529
Prawiroatmodjo, S. [1416], Indonesia K000401586
Haines, H.H. [591], India K000401142
Robertson, R. [162], Australia K000402001
Dewol Sundaling [SAN55997], Sabah K000401545
Hose, C. [542], Sarawak K000401485
Clarke, C.B. [15989], India K000401153
Hunt, P.F. [2150], Solomon Is. K000402019
Mueller, F.J.H. von [s.n.], New South Wales K000401991
De Silva, F. [5143], Bangladesh K000401149 Unknown type material
Meijer, W. [SAN122311], Sabah K000401561
Pleyte, D.R. [1076], Papua New Guinea K000401944
Kanehira, R. [2449], Caroline Is. K000402045
Perkern, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000523284
Dius Tadong [428], Sabah K000401569
Christensen, H. [78], Sarawak K000401497
Collins, D.J. [1490], Thailand K000401401
Kambira Loloh [SAN109664], Sabah K000401552
Beccari, O. [712], Sarawak K000401484
Cowie, I. [3100] K000402006
Kerr, A.F.G. [15642], Thailand K000401400
Dewol Sundaling [SAN93569], Sabah K000401537
Van Valkenburg [JVV1281], Kalimantan K000401482
Purwaningsih [74], Maluku K000401477
Sands, M.J.S. [MS5508], Brunei K000401504
D.V. [5431], Seychelles K000523286
Gardiner, J.S. [49], Seychelles K000523290
Fosberg, F.R. [59701], Guam K000402044
Kinsun Bakia [175], Sabah K000401572
van Balgooy [3077], Sulawesi K000401587
Fryar, D. [N.G.F.4032], Papua New Guinea K000401957
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP2216], Solomon Is. K000402012
Clarkson, J.R. [3988], Queensland K000401999
Story, R. [8375], Australia K000401998
Tsang, W.T. [157], Hainan K000401128
s.coll. [5741] K000401148
Argent, G. [91107], Brunei K000401500
Cunningham, A. [42], Victoria K000401989
Corner, E.J.H. [2887], Solomon Is. K000402023
Elbert, J. [3063], Indonesia K000401579
Loher, A. [s.n.], Philippines K000401880
Put [870], Thailand K000402078
de Vogel, E.F. [5191], Sulawesi K000401589
Amin [SAN116019], Sabah K000401558
Feliks Talangamin [32], Indonesia K000401601
Clemens, J. [6917], Sarawak K000401486
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401474
RA. Awang Amin [SAN103106], Sabah K000401554
Lorence Lugas [2293], Sabah K000401575
Craegh, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000401514
Baron, R. [5849], Madagascar K000523280
Forman, L.L. [291], Sulawesi K000401583
Dewol Sundaling [SAN83916], Sabah K000401536
Geesink, R. [7387], Thailand K000401402
Sands, M.J.S. [MS5474], Brunei K000401502
Marsal, R.A. [SAN86207], Sabah K000401538
Amin, G. [SAN95309], Sabah K000401540
Madulid [PPI23931], Philippines K000401917
Keith [3980], Sabah K000401550
Henry, A. [1304], China K000401130
Jeffrey, C. [705], Seychelles K000523409
Gibbs, L.S. [6250], Papua New Guinea K000401939
de Vogel, E.F. [6303], Sulawesi K000401591
Wood, D.D. [Herbarium Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I.No.1131], Sabah K000401517
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP7795], Solomon Is. K000402013
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000401151
Forman, L.L. [291], Sulawesi K000401581
Reynoso [PPI11738], Philippines K000401903
Ambri [AA473], Kalimantan K000401480
Clemens, J. [Herb.21894], Sarawak K000401489
Forster, P.I. [PIF4578], Queensland K000402003
Ridsdale, C.E. [Coode5374], Philippines K000401908
Ramos, M. [Bureau of Science No.76872], Philippines K000401899
Buwalda, P. [5064], Maluku K000401616
Reynoso [PPI11369], Philippines K000401911
Mauriasi, R. [BSIP8422], Solomon Is. K000402027
Kerr, A.F.G. [21717], Malaysia K000401377
Chew, W.L. [225], Sabah K000401523
Sani Rambi [UPNG No. SRM13], Papua New Guinea K000401981
Mauriasi, R. [BSIP17707], Solomon Is. K000402028
Brand, D. [SAN.24587], Sabah K000401521
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [681-B], Solomon Is. K000402011
Clarkson, J.R. [9673], Queensland K000402005
Fidilis Krispinus [SAN113931], Sabah K000401556
Aban [SAN94103], Sabah K000401539
Riedel [s.n.], Sulawesi K000401577
Humblot, M. [39], Madagascar K000523281
van Royen, P. [6804], Papua New Guinea K000401947
Kotali, C. [BSIP11163], Solomon Is. K000402026
Nangkat, N. [NN296], Brunei K000401506
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000401152
Kerenga, K. [LAE73876], Papua New Guinea K000401965
Aban Gibot [SAN99551], Sabah K000401541
Stone, B.C. [15894], Philippines K000401901
Elmer, A.D.E. [7110], Philippines K000401914
Fa'arodo, H. [BSIP12137], Solomon Is. K000402030
Amin [SAN115974], Sabah K000401559
Meyer, R. [Forestry Bureau No.3017], Philippines K000401887
Schlechter, R. [13829], Philippines K000401936
[Vidal?] [1927], Philippines K000401881
Merrill, E.D. [Bureau of Agriculture No.2512], Philippines K000401884
Gafui, I. [BSIP18698], Solomon Is. K000402036
unknown [1649], Singapore K000401374
Henry, B.C. [30], Hainan K000401125
Jibrin Sibil [26], Sabah K000401566
Amin [SAN99325], Sabah K000401543
Elbert, J. [4105] K000401603
Jermy, A.C. [7222], Sulawesi K000401584
Merrill [SPECIES BLANCOANAE NO.902], Philippines K000401894
De Vogel [6484], Sulawesi K000401594
Kerr, A.F.G. [12009], Thailand K000401410
van Royen, P. [5820], Papua New Guinea K000401949
Stancik, D. [4878], Papua New Guinea K000401969
Sands, M.J.S. [MS5484], Brunei K000401503
Reynoso [PPI21586], Philippines K000401916
Kingdon-Ward, F. [7784], India K000401159
De Vogel [6484], Sulawesi K000401595
Moseley [s.n.] K000401613
Put [870], Thailand K000402079
Chantaranothai, P [1531], Thailand K000401404
Buwalda, P. [4430], Maluku K000401610
Barbon [PPI2484], Philippines K000401902
Castillo, M. [Herbarium Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I.No.608], Malaysia K000401515
Danao, F. [Forestry Bureau No.21575], Philippines K000401909
van Royen, P. [4055], Papua New Guinea K000401945
Milliken, W. [959], Sulawesi K000401599
Dewol Sundaling [SAN80770], Sabah K000401557
Borden, T.E. [Forestry Bureau No.3041], Philippines K000401886
Podzorski, A.C. [SMHI811], Philippines K000401910
Sulit, M.D. [Phil. Nat. Herb.17731], Philippines K000401906
Merrill [SPECIES BLANCOANAE NO.668], Philippines K000401893
Kerenga, K. [LAE56784], Papua New Guinea K000401967
Schodde, R. [2812], Papua New Guinea K000401976
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [87], Solomon Is. K000402024
Baron, R. [2389], Madagascar K000523282
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP6848], Solomon Is. K000402014
Streimann, H. [NGF34142], Papua New Guinea K000401980
Buwalda, P. [5064], Maluku K000401617
unknown [427] K000401375
MacGillivray, J. [s.n.], Queensland K000401987
Kostermans [439], Papua New Guinea K000401950
Henderson [169], Solomon Is. K000402018
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14238], Madagascar K000523285
Thomasset, H. P. [178], Seychelles K000523288
Bloembergen, S. [3704], Indonesia K000401606
Abbe, L.B. [9962], Sabah K000401520
Meijer, W. [SAN25367], Sabah K000401526
Runikera, P. [BSIP12735], Solomon Is. K000402016
Buwalda, P. [5064], Maluku K000401615
Good [SAN99337], Sabah K000401544
Amin [SAN121088], Sabah K000401560
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [101-B], Solomon Is. K000402015
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401473
Gray, B. [4477], Australia K000203786
Johns, R.J. [8310], Papua New Guinea K000401953
N. Burn-Murdoch's collectors [BSIP6928], Solomon Is. K000402025
Hartley, T.G. [T.G.H.9802], Papua New Guinea K000401958
Aban Gibot [SAN99551], Sabah K000401542
Francis Augustine [SAN109623], Sabah K000401553
Middleton, D.J. [786], Brunei K000401510
RA. Awang Amin [SAN103106], Sabah K000401555
Creagh, C.V. [s.n.], Sabah K000401513 Unknown type material
Teruya, Z. [127], Malaysia K000401376
Loher, A. [6980], Philippines K000401889
Shea, G. [SAN76771], Sabah K000401531
Jibrin Sibil [272], Sabah K000401568
Curran, H.M. [Forestry Bureau No.3813], Philippines K000401888
Baron, R. [5806], Madagascar K000523283
Bar, N.L. [6484] K000401154
Poulsen, A.D. [ADP37], Brunei K000401505
Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000401990
Elmer, A.D.E. [11193], Philippines K000401915
Streimann, H. [NGF21087], Papua New Guinea K000401959
Chew, W.L. [2964], Sabah K000401524
Sani Sambuling [10], Sabah K000401571
Corner, E.J.H. [248], Solomon Is. K000402032
Millar, A.N. [NGF22675], Papua New Guinea K000401961
Lomuding Tandong [196], Sabah K000401573
Story, R. [8375], Australia K000401997
Lam, H.J. [1010], Papua New Guinea K000401940
Wood, D.D. [Herbarium Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I.No.745], Malaysia K000401516
Cenabre, A.L. [Forestry Bureau No.28509], Philippines K000401898
Kartonegroro, A.R. [ARK 278], Sulawesi K000204332
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP1520], Solomon Is. K000402022
Wilson, E.H. [11022], China K000401131
de Vogel, E.F. [5896], Sulawesi K000401590
van Balgooy [3637], Sulawesi K000401588
Ambriansyah [AA171], Kalimantan K000401478
Barrett, J.H. [4204], Papua New Guinea K000401972
Clemens, J. [29669], Sabah K000401518
Kurz, S. [s.n.], Andaman Is. K000401155
Deden Girmansyah [Deden 1027], Sulawesi K000204333
Buwalda, P. [5021], Maluku K000401608
Darbyshire, P.J. [1207], Papua New Guinea K000401977
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5141] K001104911
Wong, K.M. [WKM1416], Brunei K000401511
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5141], Myanmar K001104917
Gamble, J.S. [7681], India K000401144
Elmer, A.D.E. [16509], Philippines K000401895
Vidal, S. [3947], Philippines K000401883
Brass, L.J. [28738], Papua New Guinea K000401975
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000401150
Lorence Lugas [599], Sabah K000401574
Loher, A. [6977], Philippines K000401891
Escritor, L. [Bureau of Science No.21274], Philippines K000401905
Anderson, J.A.R. [S.19101], Sarawak K000401498
Ampuria, J. [[SAN]41347], Sabah K000401528
Daim Andau [906], Sabah K000401576
Hoogland, R.D. [4170], Papua New Guinea K000401974
Eyma [375], Sulawesi K000401602
van Royen, P. [6416], Papua New Guinea K000401946
Sands, M.J.S. [6570], Papua New Guinea K000401954
G.H. [612], Seychelles K000523287
Aban [SAN79381], Sabah K000401533
Parkinson, C.E. [1605], Myanmar K000401158
Elmer, A.D.E. [7884], Philippines K000401892
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP4312], Solomon Is. K000402020
Hoogland, R.D. [10093], Papua New Guinea K000401960
Bon [s.n.], Vietnam K000401409
Groff, G.W. [Herbarium5673], Indo-China K000401407
Sigin [SAN109349], Sabah K000401551
Aet [981], Papua New Guinea K000401943
Schultz [857] K000401993
Burbidge, F.W. [s.n.] K000523679
Armstrong [609], Northern Territory K000401986 Unknown type material
Sam, P.P. [SAN.26383], Sabah K000401522
Loher, A. [6888], Philippines K000401890
Fryar, D. [N.G.F.4032], Papua New Guinea K000401956
Riedel [s.n.] K000401609
Streimann, H. [NFG44183], Papua New Guinea K000401962
Middleton, J. [1927], Thailand K000401406
Dius Tadong [358], Sabah K000401567
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5141] K001104912
Carr, C.E. [12813], Papua New Guinea K000401970
Carr, C.E. [12813], Papua New Guinea K000401971
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP7231], Solomon Is. K000402033
Witmore, T.C. [TCW3489], Sulawesi K000401593
Kessler, P.J.A. [PK3155], Sulawesi K000401612
Clarkson, J.R. [3989], Queensland K000402000
Hunt, P.F. [2912], Solomon Is. K000402021
Sinanggul, H. [[SAN]38375], Sabah K000401527
Dransfield, J. [DJ6862], Brunei K000401499
Williams, R.S. [257], Philippines K000401885
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401475
Burley, J.S. [3981], Sulawesi K000401598
Sulit, M.D. [Phil. Nat. Herb.17731], Philippines K000401907
Coode, M.J.E. [6015], Sulawesi K000401596
Tarmiji [SAN83894], Sabah K000401535
Lam, H.J. [1010], Papua New Guinea K000401941
Wightman, G. [1921], Australia K000402002
Kessler, P.J.A. [PK3155], Sulawesi K000401611
Lorence Lugas [LL943], Sabah Dracaena australasica K000401630
Riedel [s.n.] Dracaena australasica K000401629
Bick, E.W. [s.n.], Australia Dracaena angustifolia var. honoriae K000292040 Unknown type material

First published in Hort. Bengal.: 24 (1814)

Accepted by

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  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  • Zhengyi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2000). Flora of China 24: 1-431. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  • Zhengyi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2000). Flora of China 24: 1-431. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 236 (1949).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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