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This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan (Imatong Mountains) to Malawi.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree, 2–12 m high, sometimes straggling; stem to 25 cm in diameter, branches few, arching, with a distinct pattern of horseshoe-shaped leaf-scars
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly lanceolate, sessile, 12–35 cm long, 1.5–3 cm wide, base hardly constricted and clasping, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence pendulous, paniculate, 20–60 cm long; flowers in groups of 1–3; pedicels 4–12 mm long, articulated above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, pale green or with a purple tinge outside, somewhat translucent, 1ribbed, 15 mm long; tube 1 mm long, lobes 14 mm long, 2–3 mm wide, spreading at anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits orange, globose or lobed when several-seeded, 12–20 mm in diameter; seeds dirty white, 6–9 mm in diameter.
Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Malawi
Rain-forest, moist forest, or bamboo forest, often forming dense stands in the understorey; 1600–2700 m
Least concern

None recorded

Native to:

Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Dracaena afromontana Mildbr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1995 Meyer, F.G. [8056], Ethiopia K000453616
May 1, 1981 Reekmans, M. [10102], Burundi K000453612
Jan 1, 1981 Friis, I. [396], Sudan K000453621
Feb 1, 1979 Baudet, J.C. [296], Burundi K000453611
Ash [1443], Ethiopia 35804.000
Drummond, R.B. [1636], Tanzania 4454.000
Humbert, H. [7622], Congo, DRC K000522582
Sangster, R.G. [474], Uganda K000523001
Thomas, A.S. [Th1441], Uganda K000523002
Eggeling, W.J. [E.3987], Uganda K000523007
Tiyoy, L.M. [1280], Uganda K000523009
Mukibi, Ag. Student [T.2627], Uganda K000523010
Fishlock [34], Uganda K000523011
Dawe, M.T. [617], Uganda K000523014
Dummer, R.A. [3604], Uganda K000523017
Graham, R.M. [Bally5021], Kenya K000523021
Haarer, A.E. [1169], Tanzania K000523022
Kenfoot, O. [3127], Tanzania K000523027
Goldblatt, P. [8236], Tanzania K000523028
Jefford, T.G. [1737], Tanzania K000523031
Stolz, A. [2428], Tanzania K000523033
Stolz, A. [2428], Tanzania K000523036
Davies, R.M. [910] K000523037
Dümmer, R.A. [1649], Kenya K000523047
Battiscombe, E. [5], Kenya K000523050
Schlieven, H.J. [12800], South Africa K000523678
Froment, D. [663], Congo K000453605
Lewalle, J. [4056], Burundi K000453610
Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [9923], Ethiopia K000453614
Mooney, H.F. [8645], Ethiopia K000453620
Myers, J.G. [10901], Sudan K000453623
Gillett, J.B. [5146], Ethiopia K000453624
Burger, W. [2930], Ethiopia K000453627
Jannerup, P.L. [0401], Tanzania K000453635
Bytebier, B. [21], Kenya K000453640
Beecher [13126], Kenya K000453651
Newbould, J. [1794], Tanzania K000453655
Oteke, J. [97], Kenya K000453644
Germain [3478], Congo, DRC K000522583
Grimshaw, J.M. [94519], Tanzania K000453653
Eggeling, W.J. [E.3987], Uganda K000204158
[Scoutes] [1721], Congo K000453607
Kesfoot, O. [715], Uganda K000522999
de Wilde, W.J.J.O. [9923], Ethiopia K000522707
Thomas, A.S. [1890], Sudan K000453622
Jefford, T.G. [1737], Tanzania K000523030
Thulin, M. [3643], Ethiopia K000453632
Dyson, W.G. [373], Kenya K000523020
Newbould, J. [2594], Tanzania K000523023
Burger, W. [2009], Ethiopia K000453634
Burtt, B.D. [3131], Congo K000453606
Eggeling, W.J. [E.3987], Uganda K000523008
Kenfoot, O. [333], Tanzania K000523029
Snowden, J.D. [1591], Uganda K000523003
Snowden, J.D. [804], Uganda K000523016
Stolz, A. [2428], Tanzania K000523035
Burger, W. [2501], Ethiopia K000453633
Mahinda. S. Game Scout [HSM139], Tanzania K000523025
Chaffey, D.R. [234], Ethiopia K000453613
Napper, D. [1045], Tanzania K000523024
Tweedie [2709], Kenya K000453645
Snowden, J.D. [804], Uganda K000523015
Napier, E.R. [2718], Kenya K000523048
Perdue, R.E. [9251], Kenya K000453641
Stolz, A. [2428], Tanzania K000523032
Mbago, F.M. [2239], Tanzania K000453656
Friis, I. [1832], Ethiopia K000453626
Brasnett, N.V. [1356], Kenya K000523049
Greenway, P.J. [12121], Tanzania K000453652
Dawe, M.T. [617], Uganda K000523013
Kenfoot, O. [2705], Kenya K000453648
Pole Evans, I.B. [1694], Uganda K000523006
Ruffo [2871], Tanzania K000523026
Sangster, R.G. [474], Uganda K000523000
Lewalle, J. [1511], Burundi K000522584
Perdue, R.E. [6407], Ethiopia K000453631
Richards, H.M. [12196], Tanzania K000453657
Lye, K.A. [23128], Uganda K000453642
Snowden, J.D. [261], Uganda K000523012
Liebenberg, L.C.C. [877], Uganda K000522998
Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [5362], Kenya K000453639
Brummond, R.B. [D. & H.1636], Tanzania K000523034
Ash, J. [1443], Ethiopia K000453629
Perdue, R.E. [6407], Ethiopia K000453630
Scott Elliot, G.F. [7899], Uganda K000523004
Scott Elliot, G.F. [8009], Uganda K000523005
Dyson, W.G. [373], Kenya K000523019
Lewalle, J. [1272], Burundi K000453609
Tweedie [1587], Kenya K000523051
Perdue, R.E. [8361], Kenya K000453637
Friis, I. [210], Ethiopia K000453628
Bally [4139], Kenya K000453650
Humbert, H. [7622], Congo, DRC K000453604
Mooney, H.F. [6241], Ethiopia K000453617
Thomas, A.S. [Th2361], Uganda K000522997
Bally, P.R.O. [B5615], Kenya K000523018
Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [5649], Kenya K000453638
Kenfoot, O. [2952], Kenya K000453647
Troupin, G. [16028], Rwanda K000453608
van Someren [6016], Kenya K000523046
Perdue, R.E. [8441], Uganda K000453643
Mooney, H.F. [6675], Ethiopia K000453619
Bally [4973], Kenya K000453646
Luke, W.R.Q. [7752], Tanzania K000453636

First published in Wiss. Erg. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped., Bot. 2: 62 (1910)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bos in Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 6: 76, t. 185/ 1–4 (1997).
  • H. J. Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 639 (1994)
  • Hamilton, Uganda forest trees: 78 (1981)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 20 (1949)
  • Mildbr., Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 62, t. V (1910)
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 68 (1982)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.