1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Erythrostemon Klotzsch
      1. Erythrostemon gilliesii (Hook.) Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Central Chile to Uruguay.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1–3(5) m high.
    Glands
    Young stems and inflorescences pubescent and fairly densely covered with stipitate, peltate, usually blackish or brown glands, without prickles.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole and rachis together 8–20 cm, glabrous, occasionally with a few glands; pinnae 7–15 on each side of the rachis, opposite, subopposite or alternate, and often with a solitary terminal pinna; pinna rachis 1–4 cm; leaflets 7–10(12) per pinna, 2–8(11) × 1–2.5(3.5) mm, oblong-elliptic, glabrous, usually with black gland dots just inside the margins.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 6–16(24) cm long, all terminal; bracts up to 28 × 8 mm, lanceolate to oblanceolate, ± pectinate, conspicuous and concealing the young buds but falling before anthesis; pedicels 1.5–3.5 cm, with stipitate glands.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals 13–21 mm long; all sepals pubescent and usually with numerous stipitate glands, the lower one usually pectinate or erose at the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals (17)23–32 mm long, yellow.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–10.5 cm long, much exceeding the petals, the filaments bright red.
    Pistil
    Ovary tomentose and with shortly stipitate glands; style somewhat exceeding the stamens.
    Fruits
    Pods 6–10 × 1.7–2.1 cm, ± obliquely oblong, straight or somewhat curved upwards, compressed, light brown, pubescent and usually conspicuously spotted with dark glands when young but glabrescent and smooth later, dehiscing down both margins; seeds 5–8, c.9 × 7 × 2.5 mm, ± broadly obovate, compressed, brown flecked with purplish-black.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Barba De Chivo, Bird Of Paradise, Caesalpinia, Caesalpinie, Disciplina De Monja, Espiga De Amor, Flamboyan, Lagana De Perro, Mal De Ojos, Mal De Perro, Piscala, Poinciana, Sapantrad, Tzezalpiniya Dzhillisa

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Brazil South

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile North, Peru, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Angola, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, East Aegean Is., Ethiopia, Free State, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Libya, Madeira, Mexico Northwest, Mozambique, Namibia, New Mexico, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Sicilia, Spain, Tanzania, Texas, Transcaucasus, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Erythrostemon gilliesii (Hook.) Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Caesalpinia gilliesii 59361.000
    Rico, L. [1282], Bolivia Caesalpinia gilliesii K000295030
    s.coll. [s.n.], Argentina Caesalpinia gilliesii K000264565

    First published in J.H.F.Link, J.F.Klotzsch & C.F.Otto, Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 97 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Verloove, F. (2017). New xenophytes from the Canary islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife; Spain) Acta Botanica Croatica 76: 120-131.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Nikitin, V.V. (ed.) (1949). Flora Turkmenii 4: 1-364. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Not accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. [Cited as Caesalpinia gilliesii.]
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [Cited as Caesalpinia gilliesii.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
    • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2012). New floristic records in the Balkans: 18 Phytologia Balcanica 18: 69-92.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Rechinger, K.H. (1986). Flora Iranica 160: 1-11. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/