1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Acacia Mill.
      1. Acacia mearnsii De Wild.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Australia.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    Tree 2-15 m. high, unarmed; crown conical or rounded; all parts (except flowers) ± densely pubescent or puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole 1.5-2.5 cm. long, often with a gland above; rhachis usually 4-12 cm. long, with numerous raised glands all along its upper side both at and between insertions of pinnae-pairs; pinnae (8)12-21 pairs; leaflets usually in 16-70 pairs, 1.5 x 0.5-0.75 mm., linear-oblong.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale-yellow, fragrant, in heads 5-8 mm. in diam. on peduncles 2-6 mm. long, panicled.
    Fruits
    Pods dehiscing along one margin only, usually c. 3-10 x 0.5-0.8 cm., with 3-12 joints, ± grey-puberulous, jointed, almost moniliform (in Australia forms with less moniliform, almost glabrous pods occur).
    Seeds
    Seeds black, 5 x 3.5 mm., smooth, elliptic, compressed; caruncle conspicuous; areole 3.5 x 2 mm.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Acacia-negra, Black Wattle
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 2–15 m. high, unarmed; crown conical or rounded; all parts (except flowers) ± densely pubescent or puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves:petiole 1.5–2.5 cm. long, with a gland above; rhachis usually 4–12 cm. long, with numerous raised glands all along its upper side; pinnae (8–)12–21 pairs; leaflets usually in 16–70 pairs, linear-oblong, 1.5–4 mm. long, 0.5–0.75 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow, fragrant, in heads 5–8 mm. in diameter on peduncles 2–6 mm. long, panicled.
    Fruits
    Pods (Fig. 15/21, p. 66) ± grey-puberulous, jointed, almost moniliform, dehiscing (in Australia forms with less moniliform, almost glabrous pods occur), usually about 3–10 cm. long and 0.5–0.8 cm. wide, with 3–12 joints.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, smooth, elliptic, compressed, 5 mm. long, 3.5 mm. wide; caruncle conspicuous; areole 3.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Roadsides etc., usually planted, sometimes in wild situations; altitude range uncertain: Eggeling 1056 at 1615 m. Frequently naturalized in upland grassland around Njombe at about 1800 m.
    Distribution
    native of Australia, introduced into the Old World K4 T3 T7 U2
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Miscellaneous, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

    Introduced into:

    Assam, Brazil South, California, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Italy, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Madeira, Mozambique, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Portugal, Rwanda, Réunion, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Acacia mearnsii De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 7, 2016 Brummitt, R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001091543
    Oct 7, 2016 Brummitt, R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001091545
    Oct 7, 2016 Brummitt, R. [s.n.] K001091546
    Oct 7, 2016 Brummitt, R. [s.n.] K001306238
    Jan 1, 2009 Hoehne, W. [s.n.], São Paulo K000868465
    Jan 1, 2009 Hoehne, W. [12573], São Paulo K000868466
    Jan 1, 2009 Rambo, B. [42755], Rio Grande do Sul K000868467
    Oct 16, 1989 Giulietti, A.M. [1057], São Paulo K000868468
    Letouzey, R. [8884], Cameroon K000092994

    First published in Pl. Bequaert. 3: 61 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de Lourdes Rico-Acre, M. (2007). A checklist and synopsis of American species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae): 1-207. CONABIO, México D.F.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de Lourdes Rico-Acre, M. (2007). A checklist and synopsis of American species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae): 1-207. CONABIO, México D.F.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Webb, C.J., Sykes, W.R. & Garnock-Jones, P.J. (1988). Flora of New Zealand 4: 1-1365. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 3: 62 (1925).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Orchard, AE & Wilson, AJG, Eds. (2001). Flora of Australia, Vol. 11A. Mimosaceae, Acacia part 1
    • Chakrabarty T, Gangopadhyay M (1996). The genus Acacia. J. Econ. Taxon Bot. 20:599-633
    • Nielsen, I. C. (1992). Flora Malesiana, Series I Vol II Part I Mimosaceae.
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Hotta, M et al (1989). Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu(Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Webb, C. J. et al. (1988). Flora of New Zealand Vol IV
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Sheppard, J. (1985). New Zealand Acacia/Albizia survey. Publ. No. 9 Soil Cons. Centre
    • Burkart, A. (1979). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 299 pp Leguminosas Mimosoideas
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Bailey, L. H. & Bailey, E. Z. (1976). Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan
    • Ross, J. H. (1975). Mimosoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa Vol. 16, pt. 1. Ross, J. H
    • Isely, D. (1973). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(1) :1-152 Legum. of the U. S. : I.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/