1. Family: Hypericaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hypericum Tourn. ex L.
      1. Hypericum quartinianum A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Hypericaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

    Calyx
    Sepals unequal, ovate to lanceolate, acute with black submarginal dots. Sepals unequal, ovate to lanceolate, acute with black submarginal dots.
    Corolla
    Petals 1.9–4.1 cm. long, bright yellow, with black marginal dots. Petals 1.9–4.1 cm. long, bright yellow, with black marginal dots.
    Stamens
    Stamens in 5 bundles of about 30 each. Stamens in 5 bundles of about 30 each.
    Habit
    Shrub, 0.5–4.5 m. high. Shrub, 0.5–4.5 m. high.
    Stem
    Young stems indistinctly 4-angled, soon becoming woody and terete. Young stems indistinctly 4-angled, soon becoming woody and terete.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate, oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, ranging from 16 × 6 mm. and 35 × 5 mm. to 72 × 27 mm. and 74 × 19 mm. (86 × 20 mm.), acute or subacute, broad and cordate or subcordate and clasping at the base, furnished with two pairs of secondary veins (often inconspicuous), running very obliquely from near the base, anastomosing with a few less oblique secondaries in the apical half (tertiary veins and reticulation not noticeable) and many longitudinal linear not translucent glands, often inconspicuous, embedded below the upper surface, and black submarginal glands. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate, oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, ranging from 16 x 6 mm. and 35 x 5 mm. to 72 x 27 mm. and 74 x 19 mm. (86 x 20 mm.), acute or subacute, broad and cordate or subcordate and clasping at the base, furnished with two pairs of secondary veins (often inconspicuous), running very obliquely from near the base, anastomosing with a few less oblique secondaries in the apical half (tertiary veins and reticulation not noticeable) and many longitudinal linear not translucent glands, often inconspicuous, embedded below the upper surface, and black submarginal glands.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few- to many-flowered terminal corymbose cymes. Flowers in few- to many-flowered terminal corymbose cymes.
    Style
    Styles 5, united up to the apex. Styles 5, united up to the apex.
    Fruits
    Capsule 5-valved. Capsule 5-valved.
    Habitat
    Rocky places, gulleys and river banks in upland grassland or deciduous woodland, 1150–2250 m. Rocky places, gulleys and river banks in upland grassland or deciduous woodland, 1150–2250 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K5 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 K2 K3 K5 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2
    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub 0·5–4·5 m. high.
    Stem
    Young stems 4-angled, soon becoming woody and terete.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile; lamina 35–90 × 5–27 mm., ovate-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, acute or subacute at the apex, broadly cordate or subcordate and clasping at the base, with 2–3 pairs of nerves (often inconspicuous) running very obliquely from near the base and anastomosing with a few less oblique secondaries in the apical half (the anastomoses rarely extending nearer the base), without noticeable tertiary veins and reticulations but with pale longitudinal glands, mostly streaks or lines, often inconspicuous, embedded near the upper surface, and dark marginal dots.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few- to many-flowered terminal corymbose cymes.
    Calyx
    Sepals lanceolate (more rarely ± ovate), acute, with dark marginal dots.
    Corolla
    Petals, 1·9–4·1 cm. long, c. 3–4 times as long as the sepals, with dark marginal dots.
    Androecium
    Androecium of 5 stamen-fascicles, each with c. 30 stamens.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular; styles 5, united ± to the apex, 8–13 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, 5 -valved.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Cameroon

    Hypericum quartinianum A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1978 Schimper [1393], Ethiopia K000242640
    Jan 1, 1978 Schimper, M.W. [61], Ethiopia K000242638
    Dec 1, 1865 Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000242639 isotype

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 97 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Robson, N.K.B. (1985). Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Guttiferae). 3. Sections 1. Campylosporus to 6a. Umbraculoides Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 12: 163-325.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Robson, N.K.B. (1985). Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Guttiferae). 3. Sections 1. Campylosporus to 6a. Umbraculoides Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 12: 163-325.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 186 (1974).
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 41: 443 (1971)
    • Bamps in Distr. Pl. Afr. 3, map 76 (1971).
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 13 (1970)
    • Moggi & Pisacchi in Webbia 22: 252, fig. 5, map 3 (1967).
    • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 380 (1961).
    • N. Robson in Kew Bulletin 12: 444 (1958)
    • Milne-Redh. in Flora of Tropical East Africa, Hyperic.: 3 (1953).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2, 157 (1952).
    • Good in Journal of Botany 65: 332 (1927).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (2): 499 (1921), pro parte.
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 156 (1868), pro parte, excl. syn. Schimp.
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 97 (1847).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0