1. Family: Hypericaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hypericum Tourn. ex L.
      1. Hypericum scioanum Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to NE. Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial herb.
    Stem
    Stems prostrate to procumbent or ascending, up to 30 cm. long but often considerably less, sometimes much branched and forming tufts or mats, rooting at the lower nodes, slender, quadrangular.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± sessile; lamina 3–9 × 2–5·5 mm., rounded at the apex, broadly cuneate to rounded or subamplexicaul at the base, with plane margin and minute inconspicuous translucent glandular dots.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, terminal, or in few-flowered monochasial cymes and then appearing axillary.
    Calyx
    Sepals subequal or unequal, oblong to deltoid or lanceolate, obtuse or acute, with translucent glandular longitudinal lines and submarginal dots.
    Corolla
    Petals 2–5 (7) mm. long, 1–2 times as long as the sepals, apricot-yellow becoming orange-yellow or orange, occasionally marked with red, eglandular.
    Stamens
    Stamens 15–27, irregularly arranged or in three indistinct groups.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1 -locular; styles (2) 3 (4), 0·7–1·5 mm. long, free.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, (2) 3 (4)-valved.
    [FTEA]

    Hypericaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

    Corolla
    Petals 2–5 (7) mm. long, orange to yellow without marginal dots. Petals 2–5 (7) mm. long, orange to yellow without marginal dots.
    Stamens
    Stamens in 3 groups of 5–9. Stamens in 3 groups of 5–9.
    Style
    Styles 3, occasionally 4. Styles 3, occasionally 4.
    Fruits
    Capsule normally 3-valved. Capsule normally 3-valved.
    Figures
    Fig. 2. Fig. 2.
    Habit
    Glabrous perennial herb with prostrate, procumbent or ascending stems up to 3 dm. long but often considerably less, sometimes forming tufts, rooting at the lower nodes, slender, quadrangular. Glabrous perennial herb with prostrate, procumbent or ascending stems up to 3 dm. long but often considerably less, sometimes forming tufts, rooting at the lower nodes, slender, quadrangular.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± sessile; blades elliptic or obovate, ranging from 4 × 2 mm. to 9 × 5.5 mm., rounded at the apex, rounded or widely cuneate at the base, furnished with minute inconspicuous translucent glandular dots. Leaves ± sessile; blades elliptic or obovate, ranging from 4 x 2 mm. to 9 x 5.5 mm., rounded at the apex, rounded or widely cuneate at the base, furnished with minute inconspicuous translucent glandular dots.
    Flowers
    Flowers single, often appearing axillary; pedicels (2) 5–15 (20) mm. long. Flowers single, often appearing axillary; pedicels (2) 5–15 (20) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals unequal, oblong, deltoid or lanceolate, obtuse or acute, furnished with translucent glandular dots and dashes. Sepals unequal, oblong, deltoid or lanceolate, obtuse or acute, furnished with translucent glandular dots and dashes.
    Habitat
    Damp places, usually in upland moor, 1350 m. in Bukoba, elsewhere 2190–3360 m. Damp places, usually in upland moor, 1350 m. in Bukoba, elsewhere 2190–3360 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T4 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4 K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T4 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Hypericum scioanum Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 23, 1949 Lebrun, J. [8512], Congo, DRC K000242648 Unknown type material
    Kenya K000240083 Unknown type material
    Negri, G. [332], Ethiopia K000240088

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Rome) 9: 327 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Robson, N.K.B. (1990). Studies in the genus Hypericum (Guttiferae) 8. Sections 29. Brathys (part 2) and 30. Trigynobrathys Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 20: 1-151.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Robson, N.K.B. (1990). Studies in the genus Hypericum (Guttiferae) 8. Sections 29. Brathys (part 2) and 30. Trigynobrathys Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 20: 1-151.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 187, fig. (1974).
    • N. Robson in Garcia de Orta, Sér. Bot. 1: 86 (1973).
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 41: 437 (1971)
    • Bamps in Distr. Pl. Afr. 3, map 71 (1971).
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 7 (1970)
    • Moggi & Pisacchi in Webbia 22: 278, fig. 15 (1967).
    • Spirlet, Guttif., Contr. Fl. Congo: 5 (1966).
    • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 386 (1961).
    • N. Robson in Kew Bulletin 12: 445 (1958)
    • Milne-Redh. in Flora of Tropical East Africa, Hyperic.: 10, fig. 2 (1953).
    • Gillett & Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 1950: 343 (1951).
    • Chiov. in Ann. Bot. Roma 9: 317 (1911).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0