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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Indo-China to Solomon Islands.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or palmately compound, petioles and petiolules with conspicuously swollen articulation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and/or axillary, a lax panicle of distant, abbreviated cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4 (rarely 5), didynamous, inserted towards base of tube, slightly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4-locular, locules 1-ovulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a non-dehiscent capsular fruit with a single seed (by abortion of the other 3 ovules).
Note
About 14 species
Distribution
Southeastern Asia and Malaysia.

[KBu]

de Kok, R.P.J., Rusea, G. & Latiff, A. 2009. The genus Teijsmanniodendron Koord. (Lamiaceae). Kew Bulletin 64: 587. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9156-9

Ecology
Teijsmanniodendron is found growing in various kinds of vegetation from the landward edge of mangroves to submontane forest, but most species are found in primary or secondary lowland rainforest. In primary lowland rainforest they tend to be more common in areas with slightly more disturbance such as on ridges or near streams.
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth to somewhat scaly or flaky
Morphology General Habit
Trees up to 50 m tall, DBH up to 120 cm, with or without buttresses
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petioles thickened or swollen at both ends; decussate, simple or palmately compound with 3 – 7 leaflets, when compound middle leaflets largest, others gradually smaller, margin entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits drupaceous, dry, the exocarp either thick with scattered sclerenchymatic cells or thin and very brittle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences paniculate with trichotomous cymes, terminal or axillary; bracts leaf-like; bracteoles ovate, lanceolate to linear, usually < 1 mm; calyx persistent, usually enlarged in fruit, 5-lobed; corolla (4 –) 5-lobed, 2-lipped, upper lip (1 –) 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe the largest, the throat villous inside, shortly tubular; stamens 4 (− 5), distinctly didynamous, exserted, inserted in the middle or lower part of the corolla tube; anthers biloculed, dorsifixed, dehiscing by long slits; style terminal, slender, with bifid stigma; ovary imperfectly 2-celled, each cell 2-ovuled; only one ovule developing, the other 3 are suppressed; ovules hemianatropous, attached laterally near the apex of the ovary cells
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds one, pendulous, oblong, with membranous testa Seedling with epigeal germination; cotyledons emergent, leafy; hypocotyl elongated.
Morphology Twigs
Twigs usually terete to tetragonal, glabrous to variously pubescent
Note
Synonym: Xerocarpa H. J. Lam (1919: 98). Type species: Xerocarpa avicenniaefoliola H. J. Lam (1919: 99) = Teijsmanniodendron ahernianum (Merr.) Bakh. Most species seem not to be very common and consequently the numbers of collections are low given their extensive distribution. This contrasts with the closely related genus Vitex, with which it shares many ecological characteristics and which is relatively well represented in collections.
Type
Teijsmanniodendron bogoriense Koord.

[KBu]
Use
The wood of Teijsmanniodendron is used for general purposes such as house construction (rafters and posts), interior work, salt-water piling, telephone poles, framing, moulding, and for making boxes and crates. The fruits of T. pteropodum have been used medicinally, both internally and externally for intestinal complaints.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Malaya, Maluku, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Teijsmanniodendron Koord. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 19: 19 (1904)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Kok, R.P.J., Rusea, G. & Latiff, A. (2010). The genus Teijsmanniodendron Koord. (Lamiaceae) Kew Bulletin 64: 587-625.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Kostermans, Reinwardtia I part 2: 75-106 (1951), rev.
  • Teijsmanniodendron Koorders in Ann. Jard. Buitenz. 19: 19 (1904)
  • Xerocarpa H.J.Lam, Verben. Malay. Archip.: 98 (1919).

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0