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This genus is accepted, and its native range is India to S. China and W. Malesia.
Sphenodesme sp (Symphoremataceae)

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence often paniculate, terminal and axillary, usually with elongate, thyrsoid branches from axils of reduced leaves, cymes 3, 5 or 7-fld, pedunculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts small, leaf-like, caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles of involucre 6, accrescent, usually conspicuous in fruit, often greenish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx narrowly infundibular, 5-10-nerved , ± accrescent, often inflated in fruit, usually actinomorphic, 5-6(-7)-lobed, rarely irregularly lobed, 5-merous species mostly with bifid or emarginate lobes, often inflexed and appearing 10-lobed, sometimes with
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, pale yellow or bluish to dark purple, longer than calyx, actinomorphic or slightly irregular, 5-6(-7)-lobed, lobes usually subequal, linear, acute to obovate-oblong and rounded, corolla tube slightly exserted from calyx, straight, hairy-ann
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5 or 6(-7), 5-merous species usually with equal, exserted, isomerous with corolla-lobes and alternating with them, 6-merous flowers with short-filamented stamens included within corolla-tube, thecae elliptic-ovoid, parallel, separate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style filiform, long and exserted from corolla or very short, stigma-lobes 2, subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary usually hairy or glandular towards apex.
Note
About 14 species. Munir (1966) recognized two sections: Sect. Sphenodesme: Stamens exserted from corolla-tube, filaments elongate, style elongate, epicalyx often present, flowers 5-merous.   Sect. Brachynema (Griff.) Clarke: Stamens included in corolla-tu
Distribution
India, China, Burma and Thailand to Malaysia

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Sphenodesme Jack appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 9076], Myanmar K001132183

First published in Malayan Misc. 1(1): 19 (1820)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Brachynema F.Muell., Fragm. 3: 90 (1862), nom. rej.
  • Decadontia Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 175 (1854).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Munir, A.A. Gardens Bull. Singapore 21: 315-378 (1966), rev.
  • Roscoea Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: 54 (1832), nom. illeg.
  • Sphenodesme Jack, Malayan Misc. 1, 1: 19 (1820)
  • Viticastrum C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., V, 3: 577 (1845).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0