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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.
Holmskioldia sanguinea

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Tall shrub with long arching branches
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, broadly ovate to deltoid, finely toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of lax cymes, grading into a terminal thyrse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts much reduced
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles usually present in pairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx actinomorphic, strongly accrescent, 5-lobed, lobes broadly rounded, tube patelliform, subtruncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bright red, zygomorphic, 5-lobed, lobes with margins recurved, posterior pair smallest, anterior lobe largest, tube curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens slightly exserted, thecae parallel
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary lobed on sides only, glandular-verrucose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc poorly developed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets slightly fleshy, tuberculate, glabrous, conspicuously glandular, attachment-scar lateral, 0.5-0.6x as long as nutlet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Embryo
Embryo spatulate.
Note
2n = 32, 36.  One species, Holmskioldia sanguinea Retz.
Distribution
Native to the subtropical Himalayan region and often naturalized when cultivated in other regions.

[LKGF]
Use
Widely grown as an ornamental in warm climates

Native to:

Assam, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Borneo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Holmskioldia Retz. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Observ. Bot. 6: 31 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Hastingia K.D.Koenig ex Sm., Exot. Bot. 2: 41 (1806).
  • Holmskioldia Retz., Observ. Bot. 6: 31 (1791)
  • Platunum A.Juss., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 7: 76 (1806).
  • R. Fernandes, Garcia de Orta, Ser. Bot., Lisboa 7: 33-46 (1985).

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0