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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.
Gmelina uniflora (Verbenaceae)

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Trees, or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling
Morphology Stem
Stems sometimes armed with spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, cymose, compound, branched, or seldom reduced to single flower, blue or purple-violet, white, yellow, brownish, mauve or purple pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular or campanulate, truncate or 4-5-lobed, often with large glands on surface
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla infundibular, (4-)5 lobed, ± 2-lipped, tube widely funnel-shaped, greatly enlarged at throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, inserted at bottom of tube, didynamous, only slightly exserted, thecae parallel or divergent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary bicarpellate, syncarpous, 4-loculate, with one ovule in each locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terminal with two unequal stigmatic lobes, posterior branch much shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a fleshy, succulent drupe with hard pyrene, 4-seeded (rarely 2-seeded).
Note
2n = 36, 38, 40.  About 33 species
Distribution
Asia, Australia, New Guinea and New Caledonia. Introduced to Tropical Africa, Eastern Asia, Central and South America

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Belize, Benin, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Gambia, Guatemala, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Sudan, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

Gmelina L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7518], Myanmar K001127435

First published in Sp. Pl.: 626 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Kok, R. (2012). A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae) Kew Bulletin 67: 293-329.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Cumbulu Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 199 (1763).
  • Gmelina L. Sp. Pl. 2: 626 (1753)
  • Gmelinia Spreng., Gen. Pl. 2: 481 (1831), orth. var.
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7(1): 91-116 (1984), reg. rev.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0