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This genus is accepted, and its native range is India to S. Central China and W. Malesia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or axillary, of 3-9-fld capitate cymes, pedunculate, involucre of 3-4 elongate, spreading outer bracteoles (often referred to as bracts), rarely with 2 inner bracteoles, inconspicuous, subulate, outer bracteoles spathulate to ovate-
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx actinomorphic, weakly accrescent in fruit, narrowly infundibuliform, 5-lobed, lobes equal, triangular, calyx-tube longer than lobes, 10-nerved, densely hairy within, especially in throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lilac or pink, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), longer or shorter than calyx, posterior lip with 2 rounded lobes, anterior lip much shorter with 3 lobes rounded, slightly spreading, corolla-tube cylindrical, straight, slightly expanded around ovary near b
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4 (posterior stamen absent), didynamous, divergent, exserted or rarely included, filaments sometimes very long, becoming curled, thecae rounded, parallel, separate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terminal, exserted, stigma-lobes 2, very short.
Note
2n = 34
Distribution
Seven to ten species, India (Assam), Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaya, Sumatra, and Southwestern China.

[LKGF]
Use
Congea tomentosa Roxb. is widely cultivated.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Honduras, Panamá, Sri Lanka, Trinidad-Tobago

Congea Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K001132511
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K001132512
Buchanan-Hamilton, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], Bangladesh K001132514
Finlayson, G. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132513

First published in Pl. Coromandel 3: 90 (1820)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Calochlamys C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., V, 3: 578 (1845).
  • Congea Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 3: 90, t.293 (1820)
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Munir, A.A. Gardens Bull. Singapore 21: 259-314 (1966), rev.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0