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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs, and woody vines, frequently dioecious
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite (occasionally alternate or subverticillate), petiolate or sessile, simple, usually entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, paniculiform to capitate (rarely reduced to solitary flowers), often merging to form a terminal thyrse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx actinomorphic, often coriaceous, accrescent, shallowly 4-5-lobed or truncate, sometimes torn irregularly into 2-4 deeper lobes by corolla elongation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla usually white to yellow or greenish (occasionally red to purple), actinomorphic, hypocrateriform or infundibular, 4-5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4-5 (usually as many as corolla-lobes), equal, usually exserted when fertile, included when sterile (i.e., in functionally pistillate flowers), filaments straight, thecae parallel, separate at dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollen
Pollen with supratectal spinules
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary unlobed, stigma-lobes equal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc poorly developed or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, oblate to globose, with one to four 1-seeded pyrenes; endosperm absent.
Note
One hundred and sixteen species
Distribution
Mostly neotropical. Native to:  Southeastern U.S.A., Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, Northern South America, Western South America, Brazil, Southern South America

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Aegiphila Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Thomas, W. [5349], Brazil K001220381
Pereira, A.D. [s.n.], Brazil K001220370
Daly, D.C. [8115], Brazil K001220382
Heringer, E.P. [6926], Brazil K001220384
Hatschbach, G. [68650], Brazil K001220367
Ferreira, C.A.C. [6509], Brazil K001220380
Prance, G.T. [4894], Brazil K001220378
Irwin, H.S. [7477], Brazil K001220386
Balée, W.L. [1007], Brazil K001220365
Robim, M.J. [s.n.], Brazil K001220369
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [3503], Brazil K001220379
Hatschbach, G. [58621], Brazil K001220375
Hatschbach, G. [742], Brazil K001220383
Guedes, M.L. [366], Brazil K001220372
Aguiar, O.T. [616], Brazil K001220371
Stannard, B. [s.n.], Brazil K001220376
Irwin, H.S. [7477], Brazil K001220377
Forzza, R.C. [2896], Brazil K001220374
Heringer, F.P. [2131], Brazil K001220366
Hatschbach, G. [8742], Brazil K001220385
Lowe, J. [4278], Brazil K001220387
Ferraz, E.M.N. [619], Brazil K001220368
Santos, T.S. [4302], Brazil K001220373

First published in Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: t. 16 (1763)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Aegiphila Jacq., Observ. Bot. 2: 3 (1767)
  • Amerina DC. ex Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen.: 278 (1840).
  • Brueckea Klotzsch & H.Karst. in H.Karsten, Auswahl Gew. Venez. 1: 31 (1848).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Manabea Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 61 (1775).
  • Moldenke, Brittonia 1: 245-477 (1934).
  • Omphalococca Willd. ex Schult., Mant. 3: 10 (1827).
  • Pseudaegiphila Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 339 (1927).

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0