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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Cuba.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rootstock evident. Culms erect; 15-40 cm long. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Leaves distichous. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 2.6-3 cm long; 1.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; oblong; 2.5-4 cm long; 0.6-1.6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis angular; pubescent; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; connate into a cup below; ovate; 3.5-6.5 mm long; base obconical; base pilose. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; emerging irregularly from body of a burr; 35-50 in principal whorl; with longest bristle scarcely emergent; 2-3 mm long; flattened; rigid; retrorsely scaberulous; glabrous, or pubescent; spinose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.5-3.6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2.5-3.6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1-1.9 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2.2-3.1 mm long; 0.75-0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; 3 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3.6 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid; 2 mm long.
Distribution
South America: Caribbean.
Reference
Paniceae. De Lisle.

Native to:

Cuba

Cenchrus distichophyllus Griseb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wright, C. [3475], Cuba K000643118
Wright, C. [304], Cuba K000643119

First published in Cat. Pl. Cub.: 234 (1866)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0