1. Family: Goodeniaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Scaevola L.
      1. Scaevola plumieri (L.) Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Goodeniaceae, F. G. Davies. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    A much-branched evergreen shrub or small tree, glabrous and succulent, with the leaves clustered at the branch-tips and leaving leaf-scars below.
    Stem
    Stem yellowish greenish.
    Leaves
    Leaf-axils without or with sparse silky hairs; leaves sessile or petiolate (the petiole winged), obovate, 5–11 cm. long, 2–7 cm. broad, entire, obtuse, narrowed strongly from the widest part towards the base, thickly fleshy, yellowish green; lateral veins obscure, 2–4 pairs, the lower long and narrowly diverging from the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a series of axillary cymes bearing conspicuous glabrous bracts (which may have hairs in their axils) and 1–7 sessile flowers.
    Calyx
    Calyx-limb short, scarcely divided, 2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or greenish; tube 10–12 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, crowded with hairs inside and shortly pubescent outside; lobes 6–10 mm. long, with a greenish, thick central part, and white, thin, crenulate marginal part.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular, 1 ovule only developing.
    Fruits
    Fruit blue or black, sub-globose, 10–15 mm. across, very fleshy, drying warty.
    Seeds
    Seeds single, not dispersed from the fruit.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/10–12.
    Habitat
    Coastal sand-dunes
    Distribution
    coast of eastern Africa from Somalia to Cape Province (Algoa Bay) and of western Africa from S. Tomé to Angola, also Mascarene Is., Ceylon, and tropical America south from Florida K7 T3 T6 T8 Z
    [FZ]

    Goodeniaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen small tree or shrub, 30–90(150) cm. tall, succulent, almost glabrous.
    Stem
    Stems greenish or yellowish, covered with prominent oblique leaf–scars.
    Leaves
    Leaves in dense terminal clusters, very succulent, 5–9(11·5) cm. long, 2–5(7·5) cm. broad, obovate and tapering towards the base, sessile or shortly petiolate, with the apex rounded, entire, glabrous, yellow–green; lateral veins rather obscure (better visible in dried leaves).
    Petiole
    Petiole winged.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, arranged in short bracteate axillary cymes; bracts linear, glabrous or with hairs in the axils.
    Calyx
    Calyx very short, 1·75–2·5 mm. long, lobes hardly discernible.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or greenish, often yellowish inside, up to 23 mm. long; tube 9–13 mm. long, up to 3 mm. wide, pubescent outside, villous inside; lobes up to 11 mm. long, with a succulent green centre and whitish membranous crenulate margins.
    Pistil
    Ovary bilocular, with only one ovule developing (always?); style pubescent, with the apical indusium finely ciliate.
    Fruits
    Fruit black or bluish, ellipsoid to globose, 10–15 mm. wide, rather fleshy, wrinkled when dry.
    Seeds
    Seeds single, contained within the fruit.
    [FWTA]

    Goodeniaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A low shrub 1-3 ft. high, succulent and nearly glabrous
    Branches
    Thick branchlets marked by leaf-scars
    Flowers
    Flowers white or greenish-yellow, fruits blue-black
    Ecology
    On sandy shores near high-water mark.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Congo, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Netherlands Antilles, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam

    Scaevola plumieri (L.) Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 3, 2006 Hamilton, M.A. [537], Turks and Caicos Is. 65180.000
    Faulkner, H. [2289], Tanzania 6495.000
    Maggs, H. [II 37], Ecuador 16644.000
    Stocks, J.E. [518], India K000741870
    Stocks, J.E. [518], India K000741871
    Drege [s.n.], Cape Provinces K001040320
    Sieber [s.n.], Australia K000216110
    Cooper, T. [2678], Eastern Cape Province K001040318
    Hutton, H. [s.n.], Eastern Cape Province K001040319
    Sieber, F.W. [s.n.], Senegal K001040312
    Sieber, F.W. [s.n.], Senegal K001040311
    Forbes, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K001040321
    s.coll. [s.n.], Southern Africa K001040316
    s.coll. [s.n.], Southern Africa K001040315
    s.coll. [s.n.], Mozambique K001040317
    Oct 26, 2004 Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia Scaevola taccada K000216448
    Oct 26, 2004 Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia Scaevola taccada K000216113
    Oct 26, 2004 Dallachy [s.n.], Australia Scaevola taccada K000216111
    Oct 26, 2004 Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia Scaevola taccada K000216115
    Oct 26, 2004 leg. ign. [s.n.], New Caledonia Scaevola taccada K000216109
    Oct 26, 2004 Schultz, N. [s.n.], Australia Scaevola taccada K000216116
    Verdcourt, B. [3910], Kenya Scaevola taccada 26046.000
    Hunt, P.F. [2761], Solomon Is. Scaevola taccada 29879.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [1253], Seychelles Scaevola taccada 6049.029
    Renvoize, S.A. [743], Seychelles Scaevola taccada 7389.000
    Wallich [1314] Scaevola taccada K000741869
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1314], Malaysia Scaevola taccada K001112705
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314] Scaevola taccada K001112706
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314] Scaevola taccada K001112707
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314] Scaevola taccada K001112708
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314] Scaevola taccada K001112709
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314] Scaevola taccada K001112710
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314] Scaevola taccada K001112711
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1314], Thailand Scaevola taccada K001112712

    First published in Symb. Bot. 2: 36 (1791)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Symb. Bot. 2: 36 (1791).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Guillaumet in Fl. Mascareignes 110: 2, fig. 1/7–9 (1976).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 315 (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 230 (1961).
    • Vahl, Sym. Bot. 2: 36 (1791).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0