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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Scaevola plumieri (Goodeniaceae)

[FTEA]

Goodeniaceae, F. G. Davies. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A much-branched evergreen shrub or small tree, glabrous and succulent, with the leaves clustered at the branch-tips and leaving leaf-scars below.
Morphology Stem
Stem yellowish greenish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-axils without or with sparse silky hairs; leaves sessile or petiolate (the petiole winged), obovate, 5–11 cm. long, 2–7 cm. broad, entire, obtuse, narrowed strongly from the widest part towards the base, thickly fleshy, yellowish green; lateral veins obscure, 2–4 pairs, the lower long and narrowly diverging from the midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a series of axillary cymes bearing conspicuous glabrous bracts (which may have hairs in their axils) and 1–7 sessile flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-limb short, scarcely divided, 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or greenish; tube 10–12 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, crowded with hairs inside and shortly pubescent outside; lobes 6–10 mm. long, with a greenish, thick central part, and white, thin, crenulate marginal part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular, 1 ovule only developing.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit blue or black, sub-globose, 10–15 mm. across, very fleshy, drying warty.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds single, not dispersed from the fruit.
Figures
Fig. 1/10–12.
Habitat
Coastal sand-dunes
Distribution
coast of eastern Africa from Somalia to Cape Province (Algoa Bay) and of western Africa from S. Tomé to Angola, also Mascarene Is., Ceylon, and tropical America south from Florida K7 T3 T6 T8 Z

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrub, up to c. 1 m tall; stems fleshy, with prominent leaf-scars, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, clustered at tips of branches, fleshy, 5–11.5 x 2–7.5 cm, obovate and tapering towards the base, glabrous except sometimes for tuft of hairs in leaf-axils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers sessile, in bracteate axillary cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx forming a c. 2 mm high rim
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, greenish or yellowish; tube 9–13 mm long, shortly pubescent outside, densely hairy inside; lobes up to 11 mm long, greenish, with white, membranous, crenulate margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with only 1 ovule developing
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe black or bluish, ellipsoid to globose, 10–15 mm wide, fleshy, wrinkled when dried.
Distribution
N3; C1; S2, 3 coast of eastern Africa southwards to the Cape Province, also in western tropical Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands, Sri Lanka, and tropical America.
Ecology
Near sea level
Vernacular
Helu (Somali).

[FZ]

Goodeniaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen small tree or shrub, 30–90(150) cm. tall, succulent, almost glabrous.
Morphology Stem
Stems greenish or yellowish, covered with prominent oblique leaf–scars.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in dense terminal clusters, very succulent, 5–9(11·5) cm. long, 2–5(7·5) cm. broad, obovate and tapering towards the base, sessile or shortly petiolate, with the apex rounded, entire, glabrous, yellow–green; lateral veins rather obscure (better visible in dried leaves).
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, arranged in short bracteate axillary cymes; bracts linear, glabrous or with hairs in the axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx very short, 1·75–2·5 mm. long, lobes hardly discernible.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or greenish, often yellowish inside, up to 23 mm. long; tube 9–13 mm. long, up to 3 mm. wide, pubescent outside, villous inside; lobes up to 11 mm. long, with a succulent green centre and whitish membranous crenulate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary bilocular, with only one ovule developing (always?); style pubescent, with the apical indusium finely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit black or bluish, ellipsoid to globose, 10–15 mm. wide, rather fleshy, wrinkled when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds single, contained within the fruit.

[FWTA]

Goodeniaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A low shrub 1-3 ft. high, succulent and nearly glabrous
Morphology Branches
Thick branchlets marked by leaf-scars
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or greenish-yellow, fruits blue-black
Ecology
On sandy shores near high-water mark.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Congo, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Netherlands Antilles, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Texas, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam

Scaevola plumieri (L.) Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 3, 2006 Hamilton, M.A. [537], Turks and Caicos Is. 65180.000
Maggs, H. [II 37], Ecuador 16644.000
Faulkner, H. [2289], Tanzania 6495.000
Sieber [s.n.], Australia K000216110
Sieber, F.W. [s.n.], Senegal K001040311
s.coll. [s.n.], Southern Africa K001040315
Cooper, T. [2678], Eastern Cape Province K001040318
Forbes, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K001040321
s.coll. [s.n.], Southern Africa K001040316
Stocks, J.E. [518], India K000741870
Hutton, H. [s.n.], Eastern Cape Province K001040319
Stocks, J.E. [518], India K000741871
Drege [s.n.], Cape Provinces K001040320
Sieber, F.W. [s.n.], Senegal K001040312
s.coll. [s.n.], Mozambique K001040317

First published in Symb. Bot. 2: 36 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Symb. Bot. 2: 36 (1791).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 230 (1961).
  • Guillaumet in Fl. Mascareignes 110: 2, fig. 1/7–9 (1976).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 315 (1963).
  • Vahl, Sym. Bot. 2: 36 (1791).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0