Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Tanzania, Yemen.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Geraniaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University College Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial decumbent, straggling or semiprostrate herb up to 7.5 dm. long; rootstock usually tuberous, up to 1.4 cm. in diameter; stems slender, herbaceous, hollow, mostly covered with a deflexed pubescence intermingled with long patent hairs, angled and often swollen at the nodes; internodes sometimes much reduced in length.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves may be opposite, sometimes alternate especially the lower ones, frequently in basal rosettes; lamina 3- or 5-partite, hastate in outline, 2.5–12.2 cm. long, 2–10.5 cm. wide, long-haired; petiole 1.5–18 cm. long, covered with short intermingled with long hairs; stipules linear-lanceolate, 5–10(–15) mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide at the base, long-haired on the abaxial surface and along the margins, subglabrous on the inner surface, cuspidate (sometimes bifid) at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of (2–)4–9 flowers; peduncles 6–36 cm. long, mostly leaf-opposed, pubescent with short and long hairs; free part of the pedicel 2–6 mm. long; bracts usually more than the number of the flowers, linear-lanceolate, 5–10 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide, covered with few but long hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals linear-lanceolate, lorate or narrowly oblong, 6–12 mm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, glandular and rather pubescent, ciliate and hyaline along the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spur 15–35 mm. long, adnate nearly to the base, hispid and glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, oblong-spathulate, greenish-yellow, creamy-green, pale lemon greenish-white, or just green with purple veining at the base of the posterior petals, the 2 posterior ones 9–16 mm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, the 3 anterior ones 7–12 mm. long, 3.5–5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens connate at the base for 1–2.5 mm., crimson to purple; antheriferous filaments 7, 2–5 mm. long; staminodes 3, 1–1.8 mm. long; anthers 1.1–1.6 mm. long, 0.6–0.8 mm. wide, red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary tomentose (woolly); rostrum indistinct at the flowering stage; style 0.5–1 mm. long; stigmas 1.2–1.6 mm. long, pink-red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2.5–5.2 cm. long, at maturity equal or slightly longer than the spur plus pedicel, pubescent; mericarps 6.5–8 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3.9–4.4 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. wide; testa minutely reticulate, pale brown.
Habitat
Wooded grassland, bushland and thicket, often on dry rocky slopes, lava outcrops or on river banks, rarely at forest edges, sometimes becoming a weed of cultivated ground; 700–2100 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T7 U1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, ascending or suberect, up to 75 cm high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often in basal rosettes; blade ± triangular in outline, 2.5–12 x 2–10 cm, ± deeply 3–5-lobed or -fid, all lobes often again lobed, pilose beneath; petiole 1.5–18 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels 4–9-flowered; peduncle 6–36 cm long; free part of pedicel 1–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 6–12 mm long; spur 15–35 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, 7–16 mm long, the 2 lower the longest, yellowish or greenish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 0.5–1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit pubescent; mericarps 6.5–8 mm long; mature beak to 30 mm or more long.
Distribution
N1; East Africa, Yemen
Ecology
Altitude range 1400–1580 m.

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Pelargonium quinquelobatum Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 6, 2005 coll. ign. [s.n.] K000351739
Nov 1, 1967 Hannington, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000417264
Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000417263
Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000417265 Unknown type material
Bidgood, S. [5273], Tanzania K000190502

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 118 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Geraniaceae: 1-23.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Geraniaceae: 1-23.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 118 (1847).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 351 (1956).
  • D. Clifford, Pelargoniums: 147 (1958).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 293 (1868).
  • R. Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 129: 432 (1912).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0