1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Morinda L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or less often lianes, with mostly glabrous, less often hairy or tomentose stems
    Stipules
    Stipules leafy, undivided, free or forming a sheath with the petioles
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, sometimes only 1 at flowering nodes
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous (? always), hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, in tight capitula, the flowers usually joined, at least by the bases of the calyces, the capitula sometimes bearing single large coloured bracts or occasionally many smaller bracts; capitula 1-several at the nodes, frequently arranged in umbels, pedunculate or rarely sessile
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube urceolate or hemispherical, the limb short, truncate or obscurely to distinctly toothed, persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla ± coriaceous, funnel-shaped or salver-shaped; lobes (4–)5(–7), valvate; throat glabrous or pilose
    Stamens
    Stamens (4–)5(–7), inserted in the throat; filaments short; anthers and style included or exserted
    Disc
    Disc swollen or annular
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–4-locular, sometimes imperfectly so; style with 2 short to long linear branches; ovules solitary in the locules, attached to the septum below the middle or near the base, ascending, anatropous or amphitropous
    Fruits
    Fruit syncarpous (very rarely scarcely so), succulent, containing several pyrenes; pyrenes cartilaginous or bony, 1-seeded or joined into a 2–4-locular woody structure
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid or reniform, with a membranous testa and fleshy endosperm.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or less often lianes, with mostly glabrous, less often hairy or tomentose stems.
    Stipules
    Stipules leafy, undivided, free or forming a sheath with the petioles.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, sometimes only 1 at flowering nodes.
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous (? always), hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, in tight capitula, the flowers usually joined, at least by the bases of the calyces, the capitula sometimes bearing single large coloured bracts or occasionally many smaller bracts; capitula 1-several at the nodes, frequently arranged in umbels, pedunculate or rarely sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube urceolate or hemispherical, the limb short, truncate or obscurely to distinctly toothed, persistent.
    Corolla
    Corolla ± coriaceous, funnel-shaped or salver-shaped; lobes (4)5(7), valvate; throat glabrous or pilose.
    Stamens
    Stamens (4)5(7), inserted in the throat; filaments short; anthers and style included or exserted.
    Disc
    Disk swollen or annular.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–4-locular, sometimes imperfectly so; style with 2 short to long linear branches; ovules solitary in the locules, attached to the septum below the middle or near the base, ascending, anatropous or amphitropous.
    Fruits
    Fruit syncarpous (very rarely scarcely so), succulent, containing several pyrenes; pyrenes cartilaginous or bony, 1-seeded or joined into a 2–4-locular woody structure.
    Seeds
    Seeds obovoid or reniform, with a membranous testa and fleshy endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., El Salvador, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hawaii, Leeward Is., Line Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, Wallis-Futuna Is.

    Morinda L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jacobs, M. [5423], Malaysia 31294.000
    Rico, L. [1976], Dominican Republic K000478748
    Davis, A.P. [2257], Madagascar 61820.000
    Davis, A.P. [2151], Madagascar 63718.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8422], Nepal K001125482
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8422], Nepal K001125483
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8427] K001125490
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8433], Myanmar K001125504
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8433], Myanmar K001125505
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8433], Myanmar K001125506
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8424], India K001125486
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8434], Myanmar K001125507
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8423] K001125484
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8423] K001125485
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8425], India K001125487
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8425], India K001125488
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8426] K001125489
    Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 8428] K001125491
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8429] K001125492
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8430], India K001125493
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8430], India K001125494
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8430], India K001125495

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 176 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 191.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 81 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 176 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 81 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 176 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0