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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to Northern Prov.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 1 cm in diameter, obtusely lobed, sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 3 × 2.5 mm, subglobose, buff, smooth.
Morphology General Habit
Caespitose dwarf spiny succulent perennial, with a large elongated tuberous root merging into a short underground stem to form a body to 30 × 15 cm.
Morphology Branches
Branches numerous and densely clustered, 6–30 cm long, 2–4.5 cm wide, obviously (2)3-angled when young but becoming twisted in a tight spiral, obscurely constricted into segments 1.5–2 cm long; angles with irregular prominent tubercles 5–18 mm apart along the margins.
Morphology General Spines
Spine shields usually joined in a continuous horny margin, but separate at the constrictions; spines to 2.5 cm long, reduced to c. 2 mm at the constrictions; prickles vestigial.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves minute, fleshy, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, simple, with peduncles 2–4 mm long; bracts oblong, c. 2.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia to 4 × 7 mm with cup-shaped involucres; glands transversely oblong, c. 3.5 mm wide, touching, yellow; lobes rounded, c. 1.5 × 1.5 mm, denticulate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles c. 3.5 mm long, laciniate; stamens c. 6 mm long, well exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: styles c. 2 mm long, joined to halfway, apices spreading, bifid. Male flowers: bracteoles c. 3.5 mm long, laciniate; stamens c. 6 mm long, well exserted.
sex Female
Female flower: styles c. 2 mm long, joined to halfway, apices spreading, bifid.

Native to:

Mozambique, Northern Provinces

Euphorbia tortirama R.A.Dyer appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Soll [s.n. (Nat Herb. no. 21371)], South Africa K000253427 isotype
Smith [s.n. (Nat Herb no. 21371)], South Africa K000253428

First published in Fl. Pl. South Africa 17: 644 (1937)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0