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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Woody shrub or small tree 0.5–3 m high, with shiny red-brown bark; young branches usually minutely hispid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly obovate, 1.5–4 x 1.2–3.5 cm, apex rounded, margin entire, lower surface occasionally hispid along the midrib; petiole 3–5 mm long; glandular stipules minute, brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in terminal 2–4-branched umbels with primary rays 1.5–3 cm long, 1–2-forked; bracts sessile, deltoid, 8 mm long, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 3.5 mm in diam.; glands 4, 1.5 mm broad, greenish becoming dark red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous; styles 2 mm long, joined to halfway, with shortly bifid apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a recurved pedicel 5 mm long, oblong-trigonous, 5.5 x 4.5 mm, becoming reddish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, compressed, 3.5 x 2.3 mm, apex acute, surface lightly wrinkled, with irregularly shaped flattened tubercles, caruncle pale yellow, 1.7 mm wide.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1; E Ethiopia, Kenya, N Tanzania
Ecology
Altitude range 160–290 m.
Vernacular
Shekow (Somali)

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Perennial shrubby herb to 1.5(–3) m. high, with woody stem and branches and shiny red-brown bark; young branches usually hispid.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves obovate, to 35 × 23 mm., base cuneate, apex rounded, margin entire, lower suface sometimes hispid especially along the midrib; petiole to 5 mm. long, hispid; glandular stipules vestigial.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in terminal 3(–4)-branched umbels with primary rays to 3(–5) cm. long, 1–2-forked; bracts sessile, deltoid, ± 8 × 8 mm., apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia sessile, 2.5 × 3.5 mm., with broadly funnel-shaped involucres; glands 4, transversely elliptic, 1.5 mm. broad, yellow becoming dark red; lobes broadly rounded, 0.8 mm. long, margin denticulate, outer surface minutely hispid.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles ligulate, deeply 2–3-lobed, margin ciliate; stamens 3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:styles 2 mm. long, joined to halfway, erect with spreading shortly bifid apices. Male flowers:bracteoles ligulate, deeply 2–3-lobed, margin ciliate; stamens 3.5 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 2 mm. long, joined to halfway, erect with spreading shortly bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel 5 mm. long, oblong-trigonous, 5.5 × 4.5 mm., becoming reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, flattened, 3.5 × 2.3 mm., apex acute, pale brownish grey, lightly wrinkled, with a pale yellow caruncle 1.7 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 83/5–7.
Habitat
On sandy stony soils in dry deciduous bushland; 200–1600 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

Euphorbia polyantha Pax appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Greenway, P.J. [13602], Kenya 13369.015
Adamson, J. [69], Kenya 2093.000
Kenya 31970.000
Greenway, P.J. [9765], Kenya 3663.000
Adamson, J. [B.3565], Kenya 4087.000
Ritchie, A.T.A. [E.174], Kenya 4150.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 87 (1909)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 223 (1974).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 200 (1961).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 211 (1949).
  • N.E.Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 543 (1911).
  • Pax in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 43: 87 (1909).
  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 40: 809 (1985).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0