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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia, Djibouti ?, Somalia ?.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Densely branched compact shrub 0.5–1.5 m high, but when growing in shade sometimes to 2 m high with lax branching from a central stem
Morphology Branches
Branches erect, fleshy, 4(–6)-angled, c. 1 cm wide without constrictions, or occasionally sturdier to 2 cm wide with slight constrictions forming segments c. 3–6 cm long; angles straight or very shallowly toothed
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields 3–8 mm long, truncate at the base, joined to form a continuous horny margin 1.5–2.5 mm wide along the angles, sometimes very robust to 4 mm wide, interrupted by the flowering eyes on young growth; spine-pairs usually very irregular in length, (1–)5–10(–15) mm long, slender or sometimes robust; prickles minute, conical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, subsessile, 1-forked with subsessile cyathia. Cyathia 4 mm in diam.; glands 1.75 mm broad, touching, yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule sessile, obtusely 3-lobed, 3.5 x 4.5 mm, purplish black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 1.7 x 1.5 mm, densely tuberculate, buff.
N1, 2; Djibouti, E Ethiopia
Altitude range 675–1700 m.
Delamah duh, dibu, dibu yer (Somali)
One of the most common species of succulent Euphorbia along the northern mountain ranges, variable in habit and robustness. Plants in shade, or on slopes influenced by the mist belt, tend to be taller, developing an obvious central stem with lax branching. Shrubs on drier south-facing slopes become more robust, with wider branches and a stronger spinescence. Spine-length is typically very variable on each branch, but at times of good growth spines can be of equal length, or become almost obsolete at times of little growth. From herbarium specimens the Somali populations appear to be conspecific with plants from the Gobelli Valley, south of Harar in Ethiopia, which are identified in Fl. Eth. Er. 2(2): 342 (1995) as E. nigrispina.

Doubtfully present in:

Djibouti, Somalia

Native to:


Euphorbia nigrispina N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Gilbert, M.G. [1502], Ethiopia 13369.016
Glover, P.E. [Bally E282], Somalia 15770.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E.282], Somalia 15772.000
Bally, P.R.O. [7115], Somalia 16745.000
Bally, P.R.O. [10384], Somalia 2080.000
Peck, E. [Bally E.263], Somalia 2081.000
Ash [1800], Ethiopia 35549.000
Ash [1254], Ethiopia 35793.000
Carter, S. [887], Somalia 45613.000
Carter, S. [910], Somalia 45640.000
Collenette, J.S. [8758], Djibouti 58358.000

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1): 574 (1911)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.