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This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous annual herb, erect to 25 cm tall with laxly spreading branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a petiole c. 1 mm long; stipules 0.5 mm long, divided from a broad base into 3–5 linear teeth; lamina to 25(30) × 3.5(5) mm, linear to linear-lanceolate, apex apiculate, base obliquely rounded, margin entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia terminal and pseudoaxillary, solitary on peduncles to 2 mm long, c. 1.5 × 1.5 mm with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, 0.5 mm wide, transversely elliptic, with fairly conspicuous white to pink appendages, the 2 on either side of the gap through which the capsule is exserted are slightly larger and up to 1.5 × 2 mm; lobes triangular, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.5 mm long. Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles 1.25 mm long, joined at the base, bifid for one-third.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.5 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles 1.25 mm long, joined at the base, bifid for one-third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a recurved pedicel to 3.5 mm long, 2.5 × 2.5 mm, acutely 3-lobed with truncate base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.3 × 0.9 mm, oblong-conical with c. 3 transverse ridges and grooves, reddish-brown.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Euphorbia neopolycnemoides Pax & K.Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bolus, H. [12280], South Africa K000253205 Unknown type material

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 240 (1910)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0