Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan.
Euphorbia murielii

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 12(–20) m. high, with a simple trunk to ± 90 cm. in diameter and rough fissured grey bark; branches persistent from ± 3 m. upwards, suberect, densely rebranching to form eventually a large broadly rounded crown; terminal branchlets fleshy, (3–)4(–5)-angled, 5–10 cm. wide, ± square in cross-section to distinctly winged, with wings to 2.5 cm. wide, usually ± constricted at irregular intervals into oblong segments 15–25 cm. long; angles straight to shallowly sinuately toothed, with teeth 1–1.5 cm. apart.
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields very obtusely triangular, to ± 8 × 7 mm., extending ± 5 mm. above to include the flowering eye; spines stout, to 5 mm. long; prickles flexible, triangular, 1.5 mm. long, soon deciduous; spines and spine-shields soon becoming corky, rusty-brown and disintegrating.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblanceolate on seedlings and young growth, to 7 × 1.5 cm., deltoid on older growth and soon deciduous, ± 5 × 5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1–6 crowded together, 1-forked, with stout peduncles 5–20 mm. long and cyme-branches ± 5 m. long; bracts rounded, ± 5 × 6 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 4 × 9 mm., with broadly cup-shaped involucres; glands transversely elliptic, ± 2 × 4 mm., almost touching, golden yellow; lobes transversely elliptic, ± 2.2 × 3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers many:bracteoles spathulate, plumose; stamens 5.8 mm. long. Female flower:perianth irregularly divided into 3 or more filiform lobes 2–4 mm. long, sometimes with 1 or 2 teeth; styles 2 or 3, ± 3 mm. long, joined at the base, apices thickened, rugulose, bifid.
sex Male
Male flowers many:bracteoles spathulate, plumose; stamens 5.8 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:perianth irregularly divided into 3 or more filiform lobes 2–4 mm. long, sometimes with 1 or 2 teeth; styles 2 or 3, ± 3 mm. long, joined at the base, apices thickened, rugulose, bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule shortly exserted on a stout pedicel ± 5 mm. long, 2–3-locular, subglobose, ± 8 × 12 mm., fleshy, green becoming red, hardening immediately before dehiscence to ± 6 × 9 mm. and very obtusely 2–3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, slightly compressed laterally, 3 mm. in diameter, greyish brown speckled with paler brown, smooth.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 12 m high
Morphology Branches
Branches suberect; terminal branchlets (3–)4(–5)-angled, 5–10 cm wide, square in cross-section to distinctly winged, constricted at irregular intervals into segments 15–25 cm long; angles straight to shallowly sinuately toothed, with teeth 1–1.5 cm apart
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields obtusely triangular, to 8 x 7 mm, including the flowering-eye above; spine-pairs stout, to 5 mm long; prickles flexible, 1.5 mm long, soon deciduous; spines and spine-shields becoming corky and disintegrating
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblanceolate on seedlings and young growth, to 7 x 1.5 cm, deltoid on older growth, c. 5 x 5 mm, soon deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1–6 crowded together, 1-forked, on stout peduncles 5–20 mm long; bracts rounded, c. 5 x 6 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 9 mm in diam.; glands 4 mm broad, golden yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth of the female flower obvious, irregularly divided into 3 or more filiform toothed lobes 2–4 mm long; styles 2 or 3, c. 3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule shortly exserted on a stout pedicel c. 5 mm long, 2–3-celled, subglobose c. 8 x 12 mm, fleshy, reddening, then hardening before dehiscence to very obtusely 2–3-lobed, c. 6 x 9 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, 3 mm in diam., smooth, greyish brown, speckled.

Native to:

Sudan

Euphorbia murielii N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 12, 1991 Tozzii [s.n.], Somalia Euphorbia candelabrum K000252882
Dec 1, 1892 Faber, E. [60], Zhejiang Euphorbia candelabrum K000960885
Adamson, J. [E.300], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 15740.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E.212], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 15741.000
Troupin, G. [3290], Rwanda Euphorbia candelabrum 15743.000
Bally, P.R.O. [B.10426], Ethiopia Euphorbia candelabrum 15744.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E280], Ethiopia Euphorbia candelabrum 15745.000
Gillett, J.B. [14733], Ethiopia Euphorbia candelabrum 2030.000
Bally, P.R.O. [102 & 1029], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 2032.000
Sudan Euphorbia candelabrum 22017.000
Glover [LW/20], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 33309.000
Bally, P.R.O. [9946], Somalia Euphorbia candelabrum 4077.000
Plowes [37259], Zimbabwe Euphorbia candelabrum 4078.000
Greenway, P.J. [6481], Tanzania Euphorbia candelabrum 4079.000
Bally, P.R.O. [5799], Tanzania Euphorbia candelabrum 4080.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E.212], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 5206.000
Verdcourt, B. [774], Uganda Euphorbia candelabrum 5210.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E.3], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 5213.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E209], Kenya Euphorbia candelabrum 8120.000
Eggeling, W.J. [5860], Uganda Euphorbia candelabrum 8122.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [4354], Zambia Euphorbia candelabrum 8128.000

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1): 589 (1912)

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Euphorbia candelabrum var. candelabrum.]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/