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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia, S. Somalia, NE. Kenya.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
S1, “Gara Libin”, “Abarone” (Aproni), Ellenbeck 2218 (B holo. destr., K drawing of holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Scrambling shrub 1–3 m high, with branches arising in whorls; root tuberous
Morphology Branches
Branches fleshy, terete with 4–8 longitudinal ribs, 5–10 mm thick, greyish green
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields joined to form horny grey strips 1.5–3 mm wide along the ribs, almost covering the stem; spine-pairs 0.5–3 mm long, 1–3 cm apart, recurved; prickles vestigial to 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, sessile, 1-forked, with sessile cyathia
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 4 mm in diam.; glands 4 on the central male cyathium, 5 on the bisexual laterals, 2 mm broad, contiguous, yellowish brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 1.5 mm long, with minutely bifid apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subsessile, obtusely 3-lobed, 2.5 x 3.5 mm, purplish with darker lines along the sutures
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 1.6 x 1.4 mm, minutely tuberculate, pale brown.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1–3; SE Ethiopia; extreme NE Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 20–360 m.
Vernacular
Kabero, qabi-yari (Somali)

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Tuberous-rooted perennial succulent, scandent to 3 m., sparsely branched; branches cylindrical, 5–10 mm. thick, with 3–6 ribs (angles) without teeth.
Morphology General Spines
Spinescence purplish brown; spine-shields 1–3 cm. long, contiguous and forming longitudinal strips 1–3 mm. wide, separated by grooves ± 1 mm. wide; spines 1–4 mm. long, recurved, immediately below the flowering eye; prickles vestigial.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate, ± 1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, 1-forked, sessile; bracts subcircular, ± 1.25 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 2 × 4 mm., with broadly funnel-shaped involucres; glands transversely rectangular, ± 1 × 2.5 mm., contiguous, brownish red; lobes transversely elliptic, ± 1 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 3.5 mm. long. Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, joined at the base, apices thickened, rugulose, minutely bifid.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 3.5 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, joined at the base, apices thickened, rugulose, minutely bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule sessile, obtusely 3-lobed, ± 2.5 × 3.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, 1.5 mm. in diameter, pale brown, tuberculate.
Habitat
Red sandy soils usually overlying limestone, with open Acacia-Commiphora bushland; 450–650 m.
Distribution
K1

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

Euphorbia erlangeri Pax appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bally, P.R.O. [9520], Somalia 4090.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 286 (1903)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 446 (1958).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 575 (1911).
  • Pax in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 33: 286 (1903).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0