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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tanzania to Malawi.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous perennial herb with a thick fleshy rhizomatous rootstock and annual stems to 60 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, ± glaucous, obovate-lanceolate, to 9 × 1.5 cm., base cuneate, apex rounded apiculate, margin entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary and in terminal 3–5-branched umbels, with primary rays to 12 cm. long and forking 3–4 times; bracts sessile, deltoid, ± 2 × 2 cm., the lower ones larger and longer, base truncate to subcordate, apex apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia on peduncles 2–3 mm. long or the central one to 1.5 cm. long, ± 3 × 5 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, or 5 on the central cyathium, transversely elliptic, to 1.5 mm. broad, with 2 horns 1.5–2 mm. long; lobes broadly deltoid, ± 1 mm. long, margin ciliate with long hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles deeply laciniate with feathery apices; stamens 4 mm. long. Female flower:ovary pedicellate; styles 2 mm. long, joined for 0.5 mm., with roughened shortly bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles deeply laciniate with feathery apices; stamens 4 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary pedicellate; styles 2 mm. long, joined for 0.5 mm., with roughened shortly bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 1 cm. long, shallowly 3-lobed, 4 × 6 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, 3 × 2.5 mm., grey, with a longitudinal dorsal ridge and obscure rows of small sharply pointed tubercles.
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland on sandy loam; 970(–1500 elsewhere) m.
Distribution
T8

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous perennial herb with a thick fleshy rhizomatous rootstock and annual stems to 60 cm high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile; stipules glandular, minute, rarely obvious; lamina to 9 × 1.5 cm, obovate-lanceolate, rounded at the apex and apiculate, cuneate at the base, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary and in 3–5-branched umbels, with primary rays to 12 cm long, each forking 3–4 times.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts sessile, c. 2 × 2 cm, the lower ones larger and longer, deltoid, apiculate at the apex, truncate to subcordate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia on peduncles 2–3 mm long or the central peduncle of the umbel to 1.5 cm long, c. 3 × 5 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, or 5 on the central cyathium, to 1.5 mm broad, transversely elliptic, with 2 horns 1.5–2 mm long; lobes c. 1 mm long, broadly deltoid, margin ciliate with long hairs.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles deeply laciniate with feathery apices; stamens 4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles 2 mm long, joined for 0.5 mm, with roughened shortly bifid apices. Male flowers: bracteoles deeply laciniate with feathery apices; stamens 4 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles 2 mm long, joined for 0.5 mm, with roughened shortly bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 1 cm long, 4 × 6 mm, shallowly 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3 × 2.5 mm, subglobose, with a longitudinal dorsal ridge and obscure rows of small sharply pointed warts.

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania

Euphorbia dolichoceras S.Carter appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [10108], Tanzania K000252975 holotype
Milne-Redhead, E. [10108], Tanzania K000252976 holotype

First published in Kew Bull. 35: 418 (1980)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 35: 418 (1980).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0