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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 4–7 mm in diam.; glands 5, 1.5–2.5 mm broad, spreading, saucer- or funnel-shaped, yellow Cyathia 4–7 mm in diam.; glands 5, 1.5–2.5 mm broad, spreading, saucer- or funnel-shaped, yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens well-exserted Stamens well-exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 2–3 mm long, joined to halfway, with recurved, thickened, channelled apices Styles 2–3 mm long, joined to halfway, with recurved, thickened, channelled apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, 2–2.5 mm in diam., smooth, brown. Seeds subglobose, 2–2.5 mm in diam., smooth, brown.
Note
Subsp. cretacea S. Carter ,subsp. spinescens (Pax) S. Carter, subsp. lamproderma S. Carter and subsp. wajirensis S. Carter have been described from East Africa.
Morphology General Habit
Woody shrub or small tree 0.5–4 m high, with grey to purple-brown, dull or shiny peeling bark on the branches, golden on the trunk or at the base Woody shrub or small tree 0.5–4 m high, with grey to purple-brown, dull or shiny peeling bark on the branches, golden on the trunk or at the base
Morphology Branches
Branches with alternating spine-tipped branchlets spreading at right-angles, glabrous or often pubescent on young growth Branches with alternating spine-tipped branchlets spreading at right-angles, glabrous or often pubescent on young growth
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in tufts, subsessile, cuneate-spathulate, 1–2.5 x 0.2–0.8 cm, apex rounded to emarginate, sometimes pubescent when young; glandular stipules minute, sharply pointed Leaves in tufts, subsessile, cuneate-spathulate, 1–2.5 x 0.2–0.8 cm, apex rounded to emarginate, sometimes pubescent when young; glandular stipules minute, sharply pointed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes reduced to a subsessile solitary cyathium, or clustered in terminal 2–5-branched umbels, with primary rays 2–7 mm long, 2–3-forked, sometimes pubescent; bracts leaf-like, 1–5 mm long with ciliate margins when young Cymes reduced to a subsessile solitary cyathium, or clustered in terminal 2–5-branched umbels, with primary rays 2–7 mm long, 2–3-forked, sometimes pubescent; bracts leaf-like, 1–5 mm long with ciliate margins when young
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subsessile or shortly pedicellate, obtusely 3-lobed, 4–7 x 5–8 mm, pubescent or glabrous Capsule subsessile or shortly pedicellate, obtusely 3-lobed, 4–7 x 5–8 mm, pubescent or glabrous

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Woody shrub to 4 m. high, with greyish to purple-brown, dull or shiny peeling bark; branches with alternating spine-tipped branchlets to 12 cm. long, spreading at right-angles, minutely puberulous when young.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate on young growth, fasciculate on older branches, cuneate-spathulate, to 4.5 × 1.5 cm., base cuneate, apex rounded to emarginate, margin entire, glabrous or pubescent; petiole to 5 mm. long; stipules glandular, minute and sharply pointed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes reduced to subsessile solitary cyathia, or clustered in terminal 2–5-branched umbels with primary rays to 7 mm. long, 2–3-forked; bracts minute, leaf-like, 1–3 mm. long, minutely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia 2–5 × 4–7 mm., with broadly funnel to cup-shaped involucres, minutely puberulous; glands 5, subcircular, funnel-shaped and distant, to flat and almost touching, to ± 2.5 mm. in diameter, yellow; lobes rounded, ± 1.5 × 2.5 mm., with deeply fringed margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles ligulate, with feathery apices; stamens ± 4–4.5 mm. long. Female flower:ovary subsessile, puberulous; styles ± 2 mm. long, joined for up to 2/3 of their length, with recurved, thickened, channelled apices, bifid for 1/3.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles ligulate, with feathery apices; stamens ± 4–4.5 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary subsessile, puberulous; styles ± 2 mm. long, joined for up to 2/3 of their length, with recurved, thickened, channelled apices, bifid for 1/3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obtusely 3-lobed, to 7 × 8 mm., pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, ± 2.5 mm. in diameter, smooth, reddish brown, faintly speckled.

Doubtfully present in:

Sinai

Native to:

Benin, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Yemen

Euphorbia cuneata Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bally, P.R.O. [6789], Eritrea 15749.000
Tweedie, E.M. [1254], Kenya 2033.000
Bally, P.R.O. [9658], Somalia 2073.000
Faulkner [3300], Tanzania 26190.000
Balslev, H. [227], Tanzania K000453298

First published in Symb. Bot. 2: 53 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 445 (1958).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 197 (1961), pro parte (Graham 1674).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 68 (1952).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 209 (1949), pro parte (excl. Greenway, Longido).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 545 (1911).
  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 35: 423 (1980).
  • Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 53 (1791).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0