Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, W. Morocco to Western Sahara.
Euphorbia balsamifera

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A low shrub with glabrous succulent branches
Note
Commonly grown in hedges in dry regions
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deciduous, or evergreen on plants growing in especially favourable situations.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Dichotomously branching shrub 1–3 m high, with pale grey semi-succulent branches 5–10 mm thick, covered in transversely elongated leaf-scars
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, in whorls at the branch apices, linear-lanceolate to obovate, 1.5–8 x 0.3–0.8 cm, apiculate, margin entire, glabrous or with a few minute hairs towards the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal, usually reduced to solitary subsessile cyathia, often unisexual; bracts similar to the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathium 6 mm in diam., yellow; glands 5, spreading, 2–3 mm broad
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 3–3.5 mm long, with distinctly bifid apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subsessile, shallowly 3-lobed, 9 x 10 mm, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, 3 x 2.8 mm, smooth, grey.

Native to:

Canary Is., Morocco, Western Sahara

Euphorbia balsamifera Aiton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Somalia 16806.000
Bally, P.R.O. [10360], Somalia 5193.000
Collenette, J.S. [8955], Oman 60195.000

First published in Hort. Kew. 2: 137 (1789)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 177
  • Chev. Bot. 550
  • Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 13: 545
  • Hort. Kew., ed. 1, 2: 137 (1789)
  • Schnell in Ic. Pl. Afr. 2: t. 28.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/