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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to N. Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 10(30) m high; trunk simple to c. 90 cm in diameter; bark rough greyish.
Morphology Branches
Primary branches ascending, rebranching irregularly and ± densely to form a spreading rounded crown; branchlets fleshy, 3(4)-angled, 5–17 cm wide, ± constricted at irregular intervals into oblong segments 15–40 cm long; angles deep and thinly wing-like, 2–7 cm wide, margins of the angles straight to ± sinuate bearing tubercles 1.5–3 cm apart.
Morphology General Spines
Spine shields rounded, to 5 mm in diameter, eventually extended to 5 mm above the spines to enclose the flowering eye; spines stout, 1–3 mm long; prickles absent or rudimentary; spine shields and spines becoming corky and disintegrating.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves persistent on young growth, to 15 × 6 cm, obovate, fleshy, midrib keeled on lower surface, base tapering to a petiole c. 1 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1 or 2–3 in a horizontal line, or occasionally 4 crowded together, 1-forked lateral cyathia vertically arranged; peduncles and cyme branches stout, 3–4 mm long; bracts rounded, 4 × 7 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia c. 4 × 7 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; glands transversely elliptic, c. 2 × 4 mm, margin undulate, not quite touching, yellow; lobes c. 2 × 3.5 mm, transversely elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: bracteoles spathulate, plumose; stamens 6 mm long. Female flower: perianth irregularly divided into 5–12 lanceolate toothed lobes to 6 mm long; styles 3.5 mm long, joined at the base, apices thickened, bifid.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles spathulate, plumose; stamens 6 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: perianth irregularly divided into 5–12 lanceolate toothed lobes to 6 mm long; styles 3.5 mm long, joined at the base, apices thickened, bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule to 12 × 16 mm, subglobose, fleshy, red, hardening before dehiscence to become obtusely 3-lobed with woody walls 2–3 mm thick; pedicel stout, 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4.5 mm in diameter, subglobose, slightly laterally compressed, yellowish-brown, speckled, smooth.

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

Euphorbia ampliphylla Pax appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 11, 1997 Pawek, J. [10031], Zambia K000048961
Friis, I. [16o2], Ethiopia K000048980
Verdcourt [3292], Kenya K000048965
Westphal, E. [1354], Ethiopia K000048979
Chaffey, D.R. [1204], Ethiopia K000048978
Greenway, P. [6644], Tanzania K000048973
Greenway, P. [6644], Tanzania K000048972
Gillett, J.B. [17586], Tanzania K000048976
Hancock, G. [1991], Uganda K000048967
Dawkins, H.C. [D775], Uganda K000048968
Thomas, A.S. [Th 3328], Uganda K000048966
Riva [1481], Ethiopia K000048981 Unknown type material
Leach, L.C. [10081], Tanzania K000048975
Greenway, P. [6644], Tanzania K000048971
Friis, I. [160], Ethiopia K000048983
Hepper, F.N. [4975], Kenya K000048963
Chuwa, Sebastian [3070], Tanzania K000048969
Bally [B.11960], Kenya K000048964
Greenway, P. [6644], Tanzania K000048970
Mabberley, D.J. [497], Kenya K000048962
Goetze, W. [1000], Tanzania K000048977 Unknown type material
Berger, William [3317], Ethiopia K000048982
Richards, H.M. [7246], Tanzania K000048974

First published in Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 6: 186 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0