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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, Angola, Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb to 45 cm. high with spreading branches, the whole plant pilose including the flowering parts, with white spreading hairs; stems sometimes slightly swollen and succulent, stem and branches longitudinally grooved.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, to 4 × 2 cm., base cuneate, apex obtuse to rounded, margin entire, upper surface often glabrous; petiole to 25 mm. long; stipules vestigial.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, 1–2-forked; bracts subsessile, subcircular, to 5 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia on peduncles to 8 mm. long, 1.75 × 3 mm. long, with funnel-shaped involucres; glands 4, transversely elliptic, 1 × 1.5 mm., reddish yellow, hairy on both surfaces; lobes circular, 0.75 mm. in diameter, densely ciliate.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles very few, ligulate, apex ciliate; stamens 2.25 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:ovary densely pubescent; styles 2 mm. long, joined at the base, distinctly bifid at the apex, pubescent. Male flowers:bracteoles very few, ligulate, apex ciliate; stamens 2.25 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary densely pubescent; styles 2 mm. long, joined at the base, distinctly bifid at the apex, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a curved pilose pedicel 1.75 mm. long, 3-lobed, with truncate base, 3.5 × 4.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds conical, with acute apex and 2 horizontal constrictions, 2.5 × 2 mm., black to blackish brown.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 15–60 cm high, with spreading branches, main-stem somewhat fleshy, the whole plant pilose with spreading hairs including the flowering parts
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2–5 x 0.5–1.5 cm; petiole 5–15 mm long; stipules glandular, minute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, 1–2-forked, with often only 1 ray developing 1–5 mm long; bracts similar to the leaves but very small, subsessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 3 mm in diam.; glands 4, 1–1.5 mm broad, red, pubescent on the outer (lower) surface and especially around the margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles pubescent, 1–2 mm long, joined at the base, with shortly bifid apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule scarcely exserted on a pedicel 1.75–2 mm long, obtusely 3-lobed, 3.5 x 4.5 mm, with crisped hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds conical, with acute apex and 2 shallow horizontal constrictions, 2.5 x 2 mm, black to blackish brown.

Native to:

Angola, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen

Euphorbia acalyphoides Hochst. ex Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 15, 1983 Ehrenberg, C.G. [s.n.], Saudi Arabia K000911935 Unknown type material
Bally, P.R.O. [9300], Ethiopia 2071.000
Greenway, P.J. [12798], Kenya 31662.000

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 98 (1862)

Accepted by

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rahman, M.A. & al. (2002). Notes on succulent plant species of Saudi Arabia Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 9(1): 25-40.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 222 (1974).
  • Boiss. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 98 (1862)
  • Boiss., Euph. Ic., t. 49 (1866).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 442 (1958).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan2: 69 (1952).
  • Hiern in Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 950 (1900).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 517 (1911).
  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 39: 648 (1984).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0