1. Family: Putranjivaceae Endl. ex Meisn.
    1. Genus: Drypetes Vahl
      1. Drypetes parvifolia (Müll.Arg.) Pax & K.Hoffm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree with pale grey branches
    Fruits
    Ripe fruits red.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 6 m. with spreading lateral branches.
    Bark
    Bark smooth, greyish.
    Twigs
    Twigs pale grey or whitish.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles glabrous or subglabrous, rarely pubescent.
    Buds
    Buds minutely perulate.
    Leaves
    Petioles 1–3 mm. long; leaf-blade obliquely ovate to elliptic-ovate, 3–8 cm. long, 1.5–4(–5) cm. wide, acutely or subacutely acuminate, asymmetrically cuneate, rounded, truncate or very shallowly cordate, shallowly serrate to subentire, coriaceous to chartaceous, not or slightly shiny, lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, 2–3 of these sometimes crowded at the base, looped within the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, more prominent beneath than above, commonly quite glabrous above and beneath, bright or deep green and glossy above.
    Stipules
    Stipules lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm. long, subentire, subglabrous, readily caducous.
    Male
    Male flowers axillary, solitary or in few-flowered fascicles; pedicels 2.5–3 mm. long, glabrous; sepals orbicular, 3 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, glabrous, ciliate, whitish; stamens 8, in 1 whorl, 2 mm. long, anthers 1 mm. long; disc with a strongly crisped-convolute glabrous or ciliolate margin, the lobes enveloping the filaments, surface smooth and with a conic-cylindric central projection.
    Flowers
    Female flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 3–4 mm. long, glabrous; sepals resembling those of the ♂ flowers, but somewhat accrescent and longitudinally striate-nerved; disc thick, fleshy, puberulous; ovary 2-locular, ovoid-subglobose, 3 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, subpersistent; stigmas subsessile, reniform-bifid, recurved, ± smooth, the ends soon breaking off. Male flowers axillary, solitary or in few-flowered fascicles; pedicels 2.5–3 mm. long, glabrous; sepals orbicular, 3 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, glabrous, ciliate, whitish; stamens 8, in 1 whorl, 2 mm. long, anthers 1 mm. long; disc with a strongly crisped-convolute glabrous or ciliolate margin, the lobes enveloping the filaments, surface smooth and with a conic-cylindric central projection.
    Female
    Female flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 3–4 mm. long, glabrous; sepals resembling those of the ♂ flowers, but somewhat accrescent and longitudinally striate-nerved; disc thick, fleshy, puberulous; ovary 2-locular, ovoid-subglobose, 3 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, subpersistent; stigmas subsessile, reniform-bifid, recurved, ± smooth, the ends soon breaking off.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, 1.2–1.8 cm. long, 1.3–1.6 cm. wide, smooth, glabrescent, bright orange or red when ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, 1.1 cm. long.
    Habitat
    On limestone, dolomitic marble and other rocky places in evergreen semi-deciduous coastal and riverine forest; sea-level to 450 m.
    Distribution
    also in West Africa from Sierra Leone to N. Nigeria K7 T3 T6

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania

    Drypetes parvifolia (Müll.Arg.) Pax & K.Hoffm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Barter [1032], Nigeria K000406405
    Barter [1700], Nigeria K000406404

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 147, XV: 262 (1922)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 15: 262 (1922).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 382 (1958).
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(15): 262 (1922).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0