1. Family: Putranjivaceae Endl. ex Meisn.
    1. Genus: Drypetes Vahl
      1. Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree commonly up to 9 m., rarely up to 12 m.
    Bark
    Bark smooth to rough, dark grey.
    Twigs
    Twigs green at first, becoming greyish.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles thinly pubescent at first, soon glabrescent.
    Buds
    Buds minutely perulate.
    Leaves
    Petioles 4–8 mm. long, channelled above; leaf-blade elliptic-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, (7–)12–20(–27) cm. long, (2–)3–7(–10) cm. wide, obtusely shortly acuminate, asymmetrically cuneate-rounded, sharply to shallowly serrate or subentire, coriaceous, shiny above, lateral nerves 7–10 pairs, looped well within the margin, and often with a second series of loops towards the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, all nerves more prominent beneath than above, quite glabrous above and beneath, deep green above, pale green beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear to linear-lanceolate, 1–1.5(–2) mm. long, sparingly to evenly pubescent, soon deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers fasciculate on bosses on the older branches or the trunk, evil-smelling. Male flowers:pedicels (2–)4–8 mm. long, glabrous; sepals orbicular, 4–4.5 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, glabrous, minutely ciliolate, white, cream-coloured or pink-tinged; stamens (18–)20–25(–30), in 2 peripheral whorls, 5–6 mm. long, anthers 1.5–2 mm. long; disc with a somewhat crisped-convolute margin, the lobes partially enveloping the filaments, ± radially sulcate, but with no central projection, glabrous. Female flowers:pedicels and sepals as in the ♂; disc fleshy, crenulate, glabrous; ovary 2–3-locular, subglobose, 2.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, tomentose or glabrous; styles 2–3, persistent; stigmas subsessile, spreading, obcordate-spathulate, smooth, fleshy, yellow-cream.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels (2–)4–8 mm. long, glabrous; sepals orbicular, 4–4.5 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, glabrous, minutely ciliolate, white, cream-coloured or pink-tinged; stamens (18–)20–25(–30), in 2 peripheral whorls, 5–6 mm. long, anthers 1.5–2 mm. long; disc with a somewhat crisped-convolute margin, the lobes partially enveloping the filaments, ± radially sulcate, but with no central projection, glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels and sepals as in the ♂; disc fleshy, crenulate, glabrous; ovary 2–3-locular, subglobose, 2.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, tomentose or glabrous; styles 2–3, persistent; stigmas subsessile, spreading, obcordate-spathulate, smooth, fleshy, yellow-cream.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, up to 2.7 cm. long and 3.3 cm. diameter, shallowly verrucose-rugulose or ± smooth, pubescent or glabrous, yellow, orange or brown when ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, 1.9 cm. long, orange.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 30, 2010 Banze, A. [73], Mozambique K000546049
    Jan 1, 1954 Engler [3267], Tanzania K000406356
    Jan 1, 1954 Clements, J.B. [35], Malawi K000406353 Unknown type material
    Lucas, G. Li. [235], Kenya 22770.000
    Dowsett-Lemaire, F. [2515], Mozambique K000614127
    Wood, J.M. [1756], KwaZulu-Natal K000406342
    Gerrard, W.T. [62], KwaZulu-Natal K000406340
    Timberlake, J. [5387], Mozambique K000614380
    Timberlake, J. [5411], Mozambique K000614403
    Sanderson, J. [105], KwaZulu-Natal Cyclostemon natalensis K000406341

    First published in W.H.Harvey & O.W.Sonder, Fl. Cap. 5(2): 404 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 193 (1961).
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147 (15): 243 (1922).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 35 (1921).
    • Hutch. in Fl. Cap. 5(2): 404 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0