1. Family: Putranjivaceae Endl. ex Meisn.
    1. Genus: Drypetes Vahl
      1. Drypetes gerrardii Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A much-branched evergreen shrub or tree up to 30 m., with a densely leafy rounded crown and pendent branches.
    Bark
    Bark fairly smooth, pale to dark greyish brown.
    Wood
    Wood white, heavy.
    Twigs
    Twigs brownish, often striate-sulcate.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles yellowish-brown tomentose or pubescent at first, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Petioles 3–7 mm. long; leaf-blade ovate, ovate-rhombic, elliptic-ovate or lanceolate, (2–)5–12(–17) cm. long, (1–)2–6(–9) cm. wide, acute, subacute or obtuse, often slightly acuminate, somewhat asymmetrically rounded-cuneate, shallowly and remotely crenate-dentate to subentire, thinly to moderately coriaceous, shiny above, lateral nerves 6(–8) pairs, looped within the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, those nearest the midrib ± perpendicular to it and subparallel for a short distance, slightly prominent above, more so beneath, sparingly yellowish-pubescent above and more evenly so beneath, and sometimes more densely so on the midrib beneath, or else quite glabrous above and beneath, dark green, drying brownish.
    Stipules
    Stipules triangular-ovate, 1.3–1.5 mm. long, sparingly to densely yellowish-pubescent, soon deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, the males glomerulate-fasciculate with (2–)4–12(–15) flowers per fascicle, produced after the females, the females usually solitary. Male flowers:pedicels 3–6(–8) mm. long, evenly to densely yellowish-pubescent; sepals 4, suborbicular-ovate, 2 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, evenly to densely yellowish-pubescent without, sparingly to evenly pilose within, ciliate, yellowish green, yellow or creamy white, fragrant; stamens 4, 2–3 mm. long, anthers 1 mm. long; disc crenulate to subentire, plicate, the folds protruding a little between the stamens, smooth, with a small cylindric central projection, glabrous. Female flowers:pedicels 1–2 mm. long, extending to 0.5–1(–2) cm. in fruit; sepals as in the ♂; disc shallowly cupular, subentire, glabrous; ovary 2-locular, subglobose, 2 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, 1–1.5 mm. long, united at the base, reflexed, persistent; stigmas linear.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 3–6(–8) mm. long, evenly to densely yellowish-pubescent; sepals 4, suborbicular-ovate, 2 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, evenly to densely yellowish-pubescent without, sparingly to evenly pilose within, ciliate, yellowish green, yellow or creamy white, fragrant; stamens 4, 2–3 mm. long, anthers 1 mm. long; disc crenulate to subentire, plicate, the folds protruding a little between the stamens, smooth, with a small cylindric central projection, glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels 1–2 mm. long, extending to 0.5–1(–2) cm. in fruit; sepals as in the ♂; disc shallowly cupular, subentire, glabrous; ovary 2-locular, subglobose, 2 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, 1–1.5 mm. long, united at the base, reflexed, persistent; stigmas linear.
    Fruits
    Fruit obovoid-subglobose, usually shallowly bilobed, 1–1.5 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. diameter, smooth, yellowish to golden-brown tomentose.
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed-ovoid, up to 1 cm. long, mottled brownish.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A large evergreen ramiflorous shrub to c. 3 m high, or tree to 30 m; bole slightly fluted to sharply buttressed up to c. 1 m, (15)23(38) cm d.b.h., unbranched to 10 m, then much branched; branches in one plane from c. 5 m forming a narrow dense crown.
    Bark
    Bark smooth, or flaking in oblong or circular patches, pale grey or brown.
    Twigs
    Twigs greyish.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles densely yellowish-tomentose to evenly or sparingly pubescent or subglabrous.
    Stipules
    Stipules c. 1 × 0.5 mm, triangular, soon falling.
    Petiole
    Petioles 3–10 mm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–14(17) × 1–7(9) cm, obliquely ovate to rhombic-elliptic or lanceolate, acute to subacute or obtuse, acuminate or not at the apex, weakly to strongly asymmetrically rounded or cuneate at the base, usually shallowly crenate-serrate to subentire on the margins; blades thinly coriaceous, often yellowish-pubescent along the midrib above and beneath and otherwise glabrous, or else completely glabrous, dark green and glossy on the upper surface, paler beneath, those of the upper crown usually brighter yellow-green; lateral nerves in 5–9 pairs, looped well within the margin, and often with a second series of loops towards the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, parallel near the midrib, scarcely to fairly prominent above, usually prominent beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, male flowers in few-flowered glomerules, the females solitary. Female flowers: pedicels 1–2 mm long, extending to 1(2) cm in fruit; sepals as in the male; disk c. 1.3 mm in diameter, shallowly cupular, subentire, glabrous; ovary 2-locular, 1.5 × 2 mm, subglobose, densely sericeous-tomentose; styles 2, free, reflexed,1–1.5 mm long, persistent; stigmas ± linear. Male flowers: pedicels 3–4 mm long, yellowish-pubescent; sepals 4, 3 × 3 mm, suborbicular, densely yellowish-pubescent without, sparingly pubescent within, creamy-yellow; stamens 4, 3 mm long, anthers 1 mm long; disk c. 2 mm in diameter, 4-lobed, the lobes somewhat crenulate, protruding a little between the stamens, smooth, pubescent, with a shallow central boss.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 3–4 mm long, yellowish-pubescent; sepals 4, 3 × 3 mm, suborbicular, densely yellowish-pubescent without, sparingly pubescent within, creamy-yellow; stamens 4, 3 mm long, anthers 1 mm long; disk c. 2 mm in diameter, 4-lobed, the lobes somewhat crenulate, protruding a little between the stamens, smooth, pubescent, with a shallow central boss.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 1–2 mm long, extending to 1(2) cm in fruit; sepals as in the male; disk c. 1.3 mm in diameter, shallowly cupular, subentire, glabrous; ovary 2-locular, 1.5 × 2 mm, subglobose, densely sericeous-tomentose; styles 2, free, reflexed,1–1.5 mm long, persistent; stigmas ± linear.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–1.3 × 1.3–1.7 cm, obovoid-subglobose, usually shallowly bilobed, evenly tomentose, apple-green to grey-green when fresh, yellowish-brown when dried.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1 mm long, compressed-ovoid, brownish, streaked whitish.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Congo, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Drypetes gerrardii Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1954 Battiscombe, E. [525], Kenya K000406320
    Jan 1, 1954 Battiscombe, E. [935], Kenya K000406322 holotype
    Jan 1, 1954 Battiscombe, E. [935], Kenya K000406321 holotype
    Greenway, P.J. [10226], Tanzania K000452814
    Greenway, P.J. [4374], Tanzania K000452820
    Eggeling, W.J. [E6675], Tanzania K000452819
    Tanner, R.E.S. [1326], Tanzania K000452816
    Procter, J.E.A. [218], Tanzania K000452821
    Congdon, T.C.E. [206], Tanzania K000452812
    Lovett, J.C. [4898], Tanzania K000452811
    Gerrard, W.T. [1629], KwaZulu-Natal K000406337
    Gerrard, W.T. [1629], KwaZulu-Natal K000406338
    Battiscombe, E. [935], Kenya K000406323 holotype
    Carmichael [771], Tanzania K000452815
    Carmichael [866], Tanzania K000452809
    Bachmann [796] K000406336
    Willan, R.L. [416], Tanzania K000452822
    Timberlake, J. [5047], Mozambique K000613426
    Timberlake, J. [5082], Mozambique K000613462
    Timberlake, J. [5113], Mozambique K000613493
    Timberlake, J. [5343], Malawi K000614687
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614791
    FH [1902], Tanzania K000452810
    Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6634], Kenya K000696640

    First published in W.H.Harvey & O.W.Sonder, Fl. Cap. 5(2): 405 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 257, t. 89. 3 (1982).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 197 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 193 (1961).
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(15): 253 (1922).
    • Hutch. in Fl. Cap. 5(2): 405 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0