1. Family: Putranjivaceae Endl. ex Meisn.
    1. Genus: Drypetes Vahl
      1. Drypetes arguta (Müll.Arg.) Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A shrub or small slender tree up to 6 m.
    Bark
    Bark smooth, grey.
    Twigs
    Twigs greyish brown.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles pubescent.
    Buds
    Buds perulate; perulae broadly ovate, up to 5 mm. long, subscarious, closely longitudinally striate-nerved, ciliolate.
    Leaves
    Petioles 2–4 mm. long; leaf-blade oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 4–10 cm. long, 2–4 cm. wide, acutely or subacutely acuminate, obliquely shallowly cordate, sharply serrate, the teeth gland-tipped, coriaceous, somewhat shiny above, lateral nerves 8–11 pairs, 3–4 of these somewhat crowded at the base, looped within the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, more prominent beneath than above, pubescent on the midrib above and beneath at first, otherwise quite glabrous.
    Stipules
    Stipules lanceolate, 5–8 mm. long, fimbriate towards the base, striate-nerved, fairly readily caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary. Male flowers:pedicels 3–5(–10) mm. long, pubescent; sepals broadly ovate to suborbicular, 3–4 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, smooth, glabrous or minutely puberulous without and within, ciliate, green; stamens 15, in 2 whorls, 3–4 mm. long, anthers 1.5 mm. long; disc with a strongly crisped-convolute ciliate margin, the lobes enveloping the filaments, surface smooth and with 1–2 minute central conical projections. Female flowers:pedicels 3–5(–10) mm. long, pubescent; sepals resembling those of the ♂ flowers, but slightly larger and somewhat accrescent and closely longitudinally striate- nerved; disc thick, fleshy, tomentose; ovary 2-locular, subglobose, 4 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, densely fulvous-hirsute; styles 2, 1.5 mm. long, persistent; stigmas broadly rhombic to reniform, recurved, papillose.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 3–5(–10) mm. long, pubescent; sepals broadly ovate to suborbicular, 3–4 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, smooth, glabrous or minutely puberulous without and within, ciliate, green; stamens 15, in 2 whorls, 3–4 mm. long, anthers 1.5 mm. long; disc with a strongly crisped-convolute ciliate margin, the lobes enveloping the filaments, surface smooth and with 1–2 minute central conical projections.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels 3–5(–10) mm. long, pubescent; sepals resembling those of the ♂ flowers, but slightly larger and somewhat accrescent and closely longitudinally striate- nerved; disc thick, fleshy, tomentose; ovary 2-locular, subglobose, 4 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, densely fulvous-hirsute; styles 2, 1.5 mm. long, persistent; stigmas broadly rhombic to reniform, recurved, papillose.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, imperceptibly bilobed, 1.5 cm. long, 1.5 cm. wide, smooth, sparingly hirsute, bright orange when ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, 1.1–1.2 cm. long, brownish.
    Figures
    Fig. 13.
    Habitat
    Forest (generally drier types) woodland and thicket; 100–750 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 8 m high.
    Bark
    Bark more or less smooth or finely longitudinally fissured, grey; twigs greyish or yellowish-grey.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and petioles evenly to sparingly yellowish-pubescent or puberulous at first, later glabrescent.
    Buds
    Buds perulate (furnished with protective scales); perulae up to 5 mm long, broadly ovate, subscarious, closely longitudinally striate, ciliolate, persistent.
    Stipules
    Stipules up to 7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, faintly striate, sparingly fimbriate, glabrous, soon falling.
    Petiole
    Petioles 2–4 mm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blades 3–11 × 1–4 cm, obliquely lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, rounded to cordate at the base, spinulose-serrate on the margins, the teeth tipped with subulate glands, thinly coriaceous, quite glabrous when mature, bright green and somewhat shiny above, dull green below, usually drying pale green; lateral nerves in 7–13 pairs, 3–4 of which are crowded at the base, usually somewhat irregularly looped well within the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, not prominent above, fairly prominent beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary. Male flowers: pedicels 3–5 mm long, pubescent; sepals 4, 3 × 2.5–3 mm, suborbicular, pubescent and puberulous without and within, greenish; stamens 15, in 2 whorls, 2.5 mm long, anthers 1 mm long; disk 2.5 mm in diameter, margin strongly crisped-convolute, the lobes enveloping the filaments, pubescent, smooth, with 1–2 minute central conical projections. Female flowers: pedicels 0.3–1.2 cm long, sparingly pubescent; calyx lobes 4–5, reflexed then inflexed, 4 × 3 mm, accrescent to up to 7 × 5.5 mm in fruit, suborbicular-ovate, closely longitudinally striate, ciliate; disk 3 mm in diameter, accrescent to 5 mm in fruit, annular, thick, tomentose; ovary 4 × 4 mm, 2-locular, 2-lobed to subglobose, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, united at the base, divaricate, 2 mm long, tubular, tomentose, persistent; stigmas 2.5 mm broad, broadly rhombic to reniform, glabrous, papillose.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 3–5 mm long, pubescent; sepals 4, 3 × 2.5–3 mm, suborbicular, pubescent and puberulous without and within, greenish; stamens 15, in 2 whorls, 2.5 mm long, anthers 1 mm long; disk 2.5 mm in diameter, margin strongly crisped-convolute, the lobes enveloping the filaments, pubescent, smooth, with 1–2 minute central conical projections.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 0.3–1.2 cm long, sparingly pubescent; calyx lobes 4–5, reflexed then inflexed, 4 × 3 mm, accrescent to up to 7 × 5.5 mm in fruit, suborbicular-ovate, closely longitudinally striate, ciliate; disk 3 mm in diameter, accrescent to 5 mm in fruit, annular, thick, tomentose; ovary 4 × 4 mm, 2-locular, 2-lobed to subglobose, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, united at the base, divaricate, 2 mm long, tubular, tomentose, persistent; stigmas 2.5 mm broad, broadly rhombic to reniform, glabrous, papillose.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1.5–1.7(2) × 1.7–2(2.5) × 0.7–1 cm, 2-lobed to subglobose, slightly laterally compressed, evenly pubescent and sparingly hirsute, bright orange-red to yellow-orange when mature; endocarp firmly corky.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2 per fruit, 10 × 9 × 8 mm, ellipsoid-subglobose, brownish.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Drypetes arguta (Müll.Arg.) Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillman, H. [1147], Tanzania K000452796
    Schlieben, H.J. [3953], Tanzania K000452794
    Gerrard, W.T. [1630], KwaZulu-Natal K000406339
    Vollesen, K.B. [MRC3137], Tanzania K000452800
    Ludanga, R.I. [1298], Tanzania K000452798
    Ludanga, R.I. [1192], Tanzania K000452797
    Shabani, S. [244], Tanzania K000452795
    Wingfield, R.C. [3291], Tanzania K000452799
    Hawthorne, W. [1204], Tanzania K000452801

    First published in W.H.Harvey & O.W.Sonder, Fl. Cap. 5(2): 404 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(15): 261 (1922).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 35 (1921).
    • Hutch. in Fl. Cap. 5(2): 404 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0