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This species is accepted, and its native range is Bismarck Archipelago to SW. Pacific.
Acalypha wilkesiana

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
A densely branched rounded shrub mostly 1–2 m tall, monoecious, tomentellous to pubescent.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 1–5 cm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades usually up to 15 × 10 cm, sometimes larger, elliptic-ovate to broadly ovate, obtusely acuminate at the apex, crenate-dentate on the margins, cuneate or rounded at the base, 5–7-nerved from the base, membranous, sparingly pubescent along the midrib and main veins on both surfaces at first, later glabrescent, green, copper or bronze and variously variegated with purple, red, pink, cream-coloured or white, or else pink-, cream- or white-margined; lateral nerves in 6–10 pairs.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 7 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, acutely acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, usually solitary, spicate, unisexual, on the same or different shoots. Male spikes up to 12 cm long, densely but interruptedly flowered; bracts minute, many-flowered. Female spikes up to 7 cm long, lax flowered; bracts c. 5 × 4 mm, ± ovate, later accrescent, dentate, with 3–6 teeth on each side, sparingly pubescent to subglabrous, 1-flowered.
sex Male
Male spikes up to 12 cm long, densely but interruptedly flowered; bracts minute, many-flowered. Male flowers sessile or ± so; buds tetragonal, subglabrous, reddish; anthers yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3–4, 1 mm long, ovate, subacute; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, subglobose, tomentose; styles c. 6 mm long, united at the base, deeply laciniate, red. Male flowers sessile or ± so; buds tetragonal, subglabrous, reddish; anthers yellowish.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3–4, 1 mm long, ovate, subacute; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, subglobose, tomentose; styles c. 6 mm long, united at the base, deeply laciniate, red. Female spikes up to 7 cm long, lax flowered; bracts c. 5 × 4 mm, ± ovate, later accrescent, dentate, with 3–6 teeth on each side, sparingly pubescent to subglabrous, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1.5–2 × 4 mm, 3-lobed, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds not set in Africa.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, Fiji, Solomon Is., Tuvalu, Vanuatu

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Bolivia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mexico Central, Nauru, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Society Is., Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Venezuelan Antilles, Zaïre

Acalypha wilkesiana Müll.Arg. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wilkes Expedition [s.n.], Fiji K000959009
Wilkes Expedition [s.n.], Fiji K000959008
s.coll. [s.n.], New Guinea Acalypha godseffiana K000959034 Unknown type material
s.coll. [s.n.] Acalypha godseffiana K000959033

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 817 (1866)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Cardiel, J.M. & Muñoz Rodríguez, P. (2012). Synopsis of Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) of continental Ecuador PhytoKeys 17: 1-17.
  • Cardiel, J.M. & Muñoz Rodríguez, P. (2015). Synopsis of Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) of Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 101: 384-405.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Van Welzen, P.C. (2005). Euphorbiaceae (Genera A-F) Flora of Thailand 8(1): 1-303. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Sagun, V.G., Levin, G.A. & van Welzen, P.C. (2010). Revision and phylogeny of Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia Blumea 55: 21-60.
  • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Not accepted by

  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. [Cited as Acalypha amentacea subsp. wilkesiana.]
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. [Cited as Acalypha amentacea subsp. wilkesiana.]
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Acalypha amentacea subsp. wilkesiana.]
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah. [Cited as Acalypha amentacea subsp. wilkesiana.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Cardiel, J.M. & Muñoz Rodríguez, P. (2012). Synopsis of Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) of continental Ecuador PhytoKeys 17: 1-17.
  • Cardiel, J.M. & Muñoz Rodríguez, P. (2015). Synopsis of Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) of Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 101: 384-405.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Van Welzen, P.C. (2005). Euphorbiaceae (Genera A-F) Flora of Thailand 8(1): 1-303. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/