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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Tropical Africa.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
An erect densely caespitose perennial herb up to 45 cm high, from a woody rootstock; stems simple, numerous, crisped-puberulous, tomentose, villous or hirsute.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 0.1–1 cm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades 1–11 × 1–3.5 cm, very variable, ranging from suborbicular (at the base of the stem) to ovate, obovate, elliptic, oblong or narrowly oblanceolate or lanceolate, obtuse to subacute, acute or shortly caudate-acuminate at the apex, serrate or crenate-serrate on the margin, especially in the upper half, attenuate, cuneate to rounded or shallowly cordate at the base, chartaceous, sparingly pubescent above and beneath, later glabrescent, 3–5(7)-nerved from the base, tertiary nerves subparallel; lateral nerves in 3–6 pairs, ascending, fairly prominent beneath.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 1–3 mm long, linear-subulate.
sex Male
Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobed to subglobose, somewhat apiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent; calyx lobes red, or white and edged with red; anthers white. Male racemes up to 12 cm long with a peduncle up to 5 cm long, solitary, axillary, erect, occasionally with 1–2 female flowers at the base or scattered along the axis; bracts resembling the stipules.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences 1–6 × 1.5–2.5 cm, spicate, usually solitary and terminal, occasionally axillary, capitate or cylindric, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes with a terminal male appendage; bracts accrescent to 1 × 1.5 cm, transversely ovate, regularly 8–11-fid almost to the base, the segments 3–5 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, pubescent, 1-flowered, greenish-brown. Male racemes up to 12 cm long with a peduncle up to 5 cm long, solitary, axillary, erect, occasionally with 1–2 female flowers at the base or scattered along the axis; bracts resembling the stipules.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely whitish-pubescent; styles up to 1.5 cm long, united at the base, pectinate, red or sometimes whitish. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobed to subglobose, somewhat apiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent; calyx lobes red, or white and edged with red; anthers white.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, ciliate; ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, subglobose, densely whitish-pubescent; styles up to 1.5 cm long, united at the base, pectinate, red or sometimes whitish. Female inflorescences 1–6 × 1.5–2.5 cm, spicate, usually solitary and terminal, occasionally axillary, capitate or cylindric, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes with a terminal male appendage; bracts accrescent to 1 × 1.5 cm, transversely ovate, regularly 8–11-fid almost to the base, the segments 3–5 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, pubescent, 1-flowered, greenish-brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 3–4 × 3.5–4.5 mm, 3-lobed, pubescent, greenish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2.5 × 2 mm, ovoid-subglobose, smooth, dark grey, with a small whitish elliptical caruncle.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
A perennial herb with a few simple stems up to 40 cm. high arising from a thick woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems sparingly to evenly crisped-puberulous and/or densely to sparingly hirsute.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile or shortly petiolate, the petiole up to 5 mm. long; leaf-blade very variable, ranging from suborbicular (at the base of the stem) to ovate, obovate, oblong, oblong-oblanceolate and even linear-lanceolate (at the apex of the stem), 1–10 cm. long, 0.5–2.5 cm. wide, obtuse, subacute or acute, rounded or subcuneate, serrate or crenate-serrate, chartaceous, 5-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 3–5 pairs, ascending, prominent beneath, as are also the subparallel tertiary nerves, sparingly pubescent above and beneath, ± glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear-subulate, 2–3 mm. long, sparingly glandular and pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm. long, densely flowered; peduncle up to 5 cm. long, crisply puberulous, sometimes with a ♀ flower at the base, halfway up or rarely at the top; bracts resembling the stipules. Female inflorescences spicate, usually solitary and terminal, more rarely axillary, capitate or subcylindric, up to 2.5 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide when mature, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes terminating in a short ♂ appendage; bracts accrescent, dentate-laciniate, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, the middle one usually larger than the rest, sharply acute, sparingly pubescent, eglandular, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobate, subglobose, subapiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent, often purple tinged. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, linear-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, acute, ciliate; ovary subglobose, ± 1 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles united at the base, up to 1 cm. long, pectinate, red.
sex Male
Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds 4-lobate, subglobose, subapiculate, sparingly to evenly pubescent, often purple tinged. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm. long, densely flowered; peduncle up to 5 cm. long, crisply puberulous, sometimes with a ♀ flower at the base, halfway up or rarely at the top; bracts resembling the stipules.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, linear-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, acute, ciliate; ovary subglobose, ± 1 mm. diameter, densely pubescent; styles united at the base, up to 1 cm. long, pectinate, red. Female inflorescences spicate, usually solitary and terminal, more rarely axillary, capitate or subcylindric, up to 2.5 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide when mature, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, sometimes terminating in a short ♂ appendage; bracts accrescent, dentate-laciniate, the segments triangular-lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, the middle one usually larger than the rest, sharply acute, sparingly pubescent, eglandular, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits trilobate, 3 mm. long, 3.5 mm. diameter, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, smooth, dark grey, with a small elliptic caruncle near the apex.
Habitat
Wooded and open grassland, often where subject to grazing or seasonal burning, also in rocky places; 930–2300 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K5 T1 T4 T7 T8 U1 U3

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Acalypha polymorpha Müll.Arg. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1990 Lovett, J. [2279], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452669
Scott Elliot, G.F. [8160], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452644
Brummitt, R.K. [18004], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452642
Ruffo, C.K. [2665], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452659
Haarer, A.E. [1627], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452660
Richards, H.M. [13896], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452662
Napper, D.M. [901], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452663
Mwasumbi, L.B. [13186], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452639
Richards, H.M. [10343], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452655
Polhill, R.M. [1868], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452666
Boaler, S.B. [747], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452667
Tanner, R.E.S. [5856], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452649
Richards, H.M. [15888], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452657
Tanner, R.E.S. [5435], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452647
Richards, H.M. [13881], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452664
Gillett, J.B. [17844], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452668
Admiral, R. [D12b], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452661
Milne-Redhead, E. [8293], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452671
Richards, H.M. [2394], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452653
Milne-Redhead, E. [7752], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452670
Kanywa, P. [44], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452651
Tanner, R.E.S. [5706], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452648
Bullock, A.A. [1915], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452652
Richards, H.M. [13924], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452665
Tanner, R.E.S. [5657], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452656
Tanner, R.E.S. [5024], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452645
Brummitt, R.K. [18208], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452641
Tanner, R.E.S. [5096], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452646
Verdcourt, B. [3331], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452658
Tanner, R.E.S. [5255], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452650
Lovett, J. [1013], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452643
Jefford, T.G. [1965], Tanzania Acalypha stuhlmannii K000452654

First published in J. Bot. 2: 335 (1864)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0