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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Maldives, S. India, Sri Lanka, Jawa to Lesser Sunda Islands.
Acalypha paniculata

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A perennial herb or shrub, to 10 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
A copious female inflorescence of small flowers, often deep red in colour.
sex Female
A copious female inflorescence of small flowers, often deep red in colour.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
A laxly branched perennial herb or subshrub up to 1.5 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems puberulous or pubescent, sometimes also pilose or hirsute.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles up to 10 cm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades 3–13 × 1.5–9 cm, ovate, acuminate at the apex, crenate-serrate on the margins, rounded to shallowly cordate at the base, membranous, sparingly pubescent or hirsute or subglabrous on both surfaces, also somewhat puberulous along the midrib and main nerves, 5–9-nerved from the base; lateral nerves in 3–5 pairs.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 3–4 mm long, filiform-setaceous, pubescent.
sex Male
Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate; buds rounded tetragonal, glabrous, reddish. Male inflorescences up to 12 cm long, spicate, axillary, solitary; bracts 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescence up to 25 cm long and 6 cm wide, paniculate, terminal, rarely sometimes spicate and axillary; panicle branches subspicate or racemose; bracts minute, not accrescent, 1–3-flowered. Male inflorescences up to 12 cm long, spicate, axillary, solitary; bracts 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate; sepals 5, 0.5 mm long, lanceolate, acute, sparingly pubescent; ovary 0.5 mm in diameter, somewhat 3-lobed, papillose and stipitate-glandular; styles 1–2 mm long, ± free, deeply 4–6-partite, the segments filiform, red. Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate; buds rounded tetragonal, glabrous, reddish.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate; sepals 5, 0.5 mm long, lanceolate, acute, sparingly pubescent; ovary 0.5 mm in diameter, somewhat 3-lobed, papillose and stipitate-glandular; styles 1–2 mm long, ± free, deeply 4–6-partite, the segments filiform, red. Female inflorescence up to 25 cm long and 6 cm wide, paniculate, terminal, rarely sometimes spicate and axillary; panicle branches subspicate or racemose; bracts minute, not accrescent, 1–3-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1.5 × 2 mm, 3-lobed, granulate near the apex and sparingly stipitate-glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.2 × 0.8 mm, ovoid, minutely alveolate-reticulate, purplish-grey, ecarunculate.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
A laxly branched perennial herb or subshrub 0.5–2(–3) m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems pubescent or pilose or both, densely so when young, later more sparingly.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles (3–)6–13 cm. long; leaf-blade ovate, (3–)6–9(–13) cm. long, (2–)4–8(–9) cm. wide, somewhat abruptly acutely or subacutely acuminate, rounded-cuneate, truncate or shallowly cordate, coarsely serrate or crenate, membranous, 5–7-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, sparingly setose above and beneath, more evenly so along the midrib and nerves, occasionally somewhat glandular-stipitate on the margins.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear-lanceolate, 2 mm. long, sparingly setose and stipitate-glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 20 cm. long; axis puberulous; bracts 0.5 mm. long. Female inflorescence paniculate, terminal, rarely sometimes also racemose and axillary, up to 35 cm. long; panicle-branches racemose, rarely with 1–2 ♂ flowers near the base; axis and branches puberulous; bracts minute, 1–3-flowered.
sex Male
Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 20 cm. long; axis puberulous; bracts 0.5 mm. long. Male flowers:pedicels 0.5 mm. long; buds 4-gonous, apiculate, 0.5 mm. diameter, glabrous; calyx-lobes ovate-lanceolate, 0.5 mm. long, somewhat acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers:pedicels ± 1 mm. long; sepals 5, lanceolate, 0.5 mm. long, acute, sparingly pubescent without; ovary subtrilobed, 0.7 mm. diameter, granular-warty and glandular-stipitate; styles ± free, 2 mm. long, deeply 4–6-partite, the segments filiform, simple, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous, red. Male flowers:pedicels 0.5 mm. long; buds 4-gonous, apiculate, 0.5 mm. diameter, glabrous; calyx-lobes ovate-lanceolate, 0.5 mm. long, somewhat acute.
sex Female
Female flowers:pedicels ± 1 mm. long; sepals 5, lanceolate, 0.5 mm. long, acute, sparingly pubescent without; ovary subtrilobed, 0.7 mm. diameter, granular-warty and glandular-stipitate; styles ± free, 2 mm. long, deeply 4–6-partite, the segments filiform, simple, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous, red. Female inflorescence paniculate, terminal, rarely sometimes also racemose and axillary, up to 35 cm. long; panicle-branches racemose, rarely with 1–2 ♂ flowers near the base; axis and branches puberulous; bracts minute, 1–3-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits trilobed, 1.5 mm. long, 2 mm. diameter, granulose toward the apex, sparingly glandular-stipitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 1.2 mm. long, 0.8 mm. wide, minutely alveolate-reticulate, purplish grey, ecarunculate.
Habitat
Forest, open places, edges and riverine, sometimes in rocky or disturbed places nearby; 100–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T8 U1 U2 more or less throughout tropical Africa from the Ivory Coast to Eritrea and south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Acalypha paniculata Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11671], Cameroon K000678385
Mar 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11143], Cameroon K000678380
Mar 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5245], Cameroon K000678384
Jan 1, 1976 Thwaites [2096], Sri Lanka K000246951 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [s.n.], India K000185996 isotype
Dawkins, H.C. [484], Uganda 4325.000
s.coll. [7784], India K000185995 isotype
s.coll. [7784], India K000959046

First published in Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 406 (1859)

Accepted by

  • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
  • Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Cardiel, J.M. & Atha, D. (2014). Acalypha subgenus Linostachys (Euphorbiaceae, Acalyphoideae): a global review Phytotaxa 166: 199-221.
  • Sagun, V.G., Levin, G.A. & van Welzen, P.C. (2010). Revision and phylogeny of Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia Blumea 55: 21-60.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Acalypha racemosa.]
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Acalypha racemosa.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Cardiel, J.M. & Atha, D. (2014). Acalypha subgenus Linostachys (Euphorbiaceae, Acalyphoideae): a global review Phytotaxa 166: 199-221.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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