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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Acalypha ornata A. Rich.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
A large much-branched woody herb, lax shrub, prolific vine or small tree up to 5 m tall; stems glabrous or pubescent, pilose or villous, often purplish.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 2–15 cm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf blades (3)5–16 × (2)3–10 cm, ovate or elliptic-ovate, caudate-acuminate at the apex, serrate on the margins, cuneate to rounded, truncate or shallowly cordate at the base, membranous, sparingly pilose to subglabrous on both surfaces, usually more evenly to densely pilose along the midrib and main nerves, 5–7-nerved from the base; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 4–10 mm long, linear-lanceolate to subulate-filiform, soon falling.
Note
Plants monoecious, or rarely dioecious.
sex Male
Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm long, limp, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts 1–4 mm long, linear-oblong. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous, green, pink- or reddish-flushed; anthers yellowish-white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female spikes terminal, very rarely also axillary, up to 19 cm long and 2 cm wide in fruit, narrowly cylindric, rigid, subsessile; bracts accrescent to 1–1.5 × 2–2.5 cm, transversely ovate-rhombic, chartaceous, sparingly pilose, stipitate-glandular on and near the margin, greenish, 1-flowered, c. 20-toothed; terminal tooth linear-lanceolate, the rest triangular. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 12 cm long, limp, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts 1–4 mm long, linear-oblong.
sex Female
Female spikes terminal, very rarely also axillary, up to 19 cm long and 2 cm wide in fruit, narrowly cylindric, rigid, subsessile; bracts accrescent to 1–1.5 × 2–2.5 cm, transversely ovate-rhombic, chartaceous, sparingly pilose, stipitate-glandular on and near the margin, greenish, 1-flowered, c. 20-toothed; terminal tooth linear-lanceolate, the rest triangular. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, triangular, ciliate; ovary less than 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, pubescent at the apex; styles free, 3 mm long, laciniate, greenish-white or crimson.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, 1 mm long, triangular, ciliate; ovary less than 1 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, pubescent at the apex; styles free, 3 mm long, laciniate, greenish-white or crimson. Male flowers shortly pedicellate; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous, green, pink- or reddish-flushed; anthers yellowish-white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 3 × 4 mm, 3-lobed, sparingly pubescent at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.8 × 1.5 mm, ovoid-subglobose, smooth, purplish-grey; caruncle elliptic, appressed, ochreous.

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A shrub, to 10 ft. high
Ecology
By streams and in open places.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
A large much-branched woody herb or shrub up to 3.5 m. tall, but more commonly 1.5–2.5 m.
Morphology Stem
Stems subglabrous, pubescent, tomentose, hirsute or villous.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles (2–)3–10(–13) cm. long, as variable in indumentum as the stems; leaf-blade ovate, 5–16 cm. long, 3–10 cm. wide, acutely or subacutely caudate-acuminate, shallowly cordate, truncate, rounded or sometimes subcuneate, rather coarsely serrate, membranous, (3–)5(–7)-nerved at the base, lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, sparingly pilose to subglabrous above and beneath, more evenly pilose on the midrib and main nerves.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear-lanceolate to subulate-filiform, 0.4–1 cm. long, with a few subsessile glands on the margin, sparingly pubescent, readily caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:pedicels up to 1.5 mm. long; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, triangular, 1 mm. long, subacute, ciliate; ovary trilobate, 0.75 mm. diameter, pubescent above; styles free, 3 mm. long, laciniate, usually red.
sex Male
Male flowers:pedicels up to 1.5 mm. long; buds subglobose, minute, almost glabrous. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 15 cm. long, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts oblong to linear-oblong, 1(–4) mm. long, obtuse, pubescent or long-pilose, shorter than the flower-clusters or exceeding them.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal, cylindric, up to 17 cm. long and 3 cm. wide when mature, shortly pedunculate, rarely with a ♂ portion at the apex; bracts transversely ovate-rhomboid, markedly accrescent, up to 1.5 cm. long and 2.5 cm. wide when fully developed, caudate, dentate, chartaceous, sparingly pilose to subglabrous, with stipitate glands within towards the apex and on the margin, 1-flowered. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 15 cm. long, scarcely or shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts oblong to linear-oblong, 1(–4) mm. long, obtuse, pubescent or long-pilose, shorter than the flower-clusters or exceeding them.
sex Female
Female inflorescences spicate, solitary, terminal, cylindric, up to 17 cm. long and 3 cm. wide when mature, shortly pedunculate, rarely with a ♂ portion at the apex; bracts transversely ovate-rhomboid, markedly accrescent, up to 1.5 cm. long and 2.5 cm. wide when fully developed, caudate, dentate, chartaceous, sparingly pilose to subglabrous, with stipitate glands within towards the apex and on the margin, 1-flowered. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, triangular, 1 mm. long, subacute, ciliate; ovary trilobate, 0.75 mm. diameter, pubescent above; styles free, 3 mm. long, laciniate, usually red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits trilobate, 3 mm. long, 4 mm. diameter, sparingly pubescent at the apex, otherwise glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 1.8 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, smooth, purplish grey, with an elliptic adpressed ochreous caruncle running from the apex to the hilum.
Figures
Fig. 37.
Habitat
Forest undergrowth and edges, wooded grassland, deciduous woodland and thicket, often riverine or in rocky places, also in secondary associations and disturbed ground; 0–2000 m.
Distribution
from Nigeria to Eritrea and south to Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique K2 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A small shrub.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Acalypha ornata Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3478], Cameroon K000026521
Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [859], Cameroon K000338869
Jan 1, 1987 Borhidi, A. [86287], Tanzania K000452573
Sep 21, 1972 Speke [s.n.], Uganda K000431022 syntype
Sep 21, 1972 Herlocker, D. [414], Tanzania K000452553
Sep 21, 1972 Hukui, K. [41], Tanzania K000452555
Sep 21, 1972 Polhill, R.M. [1045], Tanzania K000452557
Jul 8, 1910 Schimper [1647], Ethiopia K000431036 Unknown type material
Tanner, R. [512], Tanzania 16804.000
Dawkins, H.C. [434], Uganda 18202.000
Chancellor, R.J. [135], Uganda 2097.000
Ash [896], Ethiopia 37164.000
Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000431020
Schimper [1647], Ethiopia K000431037 Unknown type material
Barter [3425], Nigeria K000431045
Mogg, A.O.D. [13666], South Africa K000431123 isotype
Burtt, B.D. [5588], Tanzania K000452538
Tanner, R.E.S. [512], Tanzania K000452540
Tanner, R.E.S. [1637], Tanzania K000452541
Lovett, J. [1335], Tanzania K000452533
Koritschoner, H. [1175], Tanzania K000452558
Gillman, H. [411], Tanzania K000452537
Jaasund, A. [2214], Tanzania K000452545
Renvoize, S.A. [1515], Tanzania K000452565
Archbold, M.E. [806], Tanzania K000452566
Renvoize, S.A. [1444], Tanzania K000452551
Jolsman, R. [6088], Tanzania K000452561
Faulkner, H.G. [4513B], Tanzania K000452562
Tanner, R.E.S. [3491], Tanzania K000452570
Faulkner, H.G. [992], Tanzania K000452571
Robertson, S.A. [474], Tanzania K000452600
Magogo, F.C. [346], Tanzania K000452576
Procter, J.E.A. [3590], Tanzania K000452578
Richards, H.M. [7935A], Tanzania K000452634
Thompson, G. [530], Tanzania K000452635
Richards, M. [18650], Tanzania K000452638
Bullock, A.A. [3500], Tanzania K000452583
Burntt, G.F. [49/73], Tanzania K000452585
Hornby [64], Tanzania K000452592
Burtt, B.D. [1521], Tanzania K000452594
Burtt, B.D. [1048], Tanzania K000452595
Burtt, B.D. [400], Tanzania K000452597
Lovett, J. [3097], Tanzania K000452598
Bruce, E.R. [88], Tanzania K000452610
Wallace, G.B. [87], Tanzania K000452612
Burtt, B.D. [61], Tanzania K000452614
Lovett, J. [3552], Tanzania K000452620
Lovett, J. [2861], Tanzania K000452622
Greenway, P.J. [14197], Tanzania K000452626
Richards, M. [18636], Tanzania K000452630
Richards, M. [18635], Tanzania K000452631
Richards, M. [15607], Tanzania K000452633
Richards, M. [17548], Tanzania K000452632
Burtt, B.D. [1864], Tanzania K000452596
Bjornstad, A. [AB1343], Tanzania K000452623
Greenway, P.J. [14048], Tanzania K000452627
Tanner, R.E.S. [510], Tanzania K000452539
Burtt, B.D. [1165], Tanzania K000452546
Haarer, A.E. [1057], Tanzania K000452547
Haerdi, F. [420/0], Tanzania K000452601
Procter, J.E.A. [304], Tanzania K000452582
Semsei, S.R. [Semsei4008], Tanzania K000452577
Lovett, J. [3346], Tanzania K000452621
Richards, M. [19976], Tanzania K000452590
Ruffo, C.K. [62], Tanzania K000452588
Lea, J.D. [26], Tanzania K000452591
Drummond, R.B. [1808], Tanzania K000452604
Anatoli, J.A. [11], Tanzania K000452602
Procter, J.E.A. [3758], Tanzania K000452543
Wallace, G.B. [87a], Tanzania K000452611
Archbold, M.E. [444], Tanzania K000452567
Geilinger, (.D.r.). [s.n.], Tanzania K000452560
Richards, H.M. [21033], Tanzania K000452637
Leippert, H. [5724], Tanzania K000452554
Ngoundai [52], Tanzania K000452589
Richards, H.M. [7916], Tanzania K000452616
Geilinger, (.D.r.). [3253], Tanzania K000452535
Richards, H.M. [3483], Tanzania K000452581
Welch, J.R. [504], Tanzania K000452556
Pielou, D.P. [61], Tanzania K000452587
Burtt, B.D. [5080], Tanzania K000452536
Mwasumbi, L.B. [13879], Tanzania K000452599
Schlieben, H.J. [1538], Tanzania K000452613
Boaler, S.B. [348], Tanzania K000452615
Renvoize, S.A. [1519], Tanzania K000452564
Archbold, M.E. [1011], Tanzania K000452563
Bally, P.R.O. [B2214], Tanzania K000452548
Bruce, E.R. [1026], Tanzania K000452606
Bjornstad, A. [AB1259], Tanzania K000452625
Kasele, R. [6023], Tanzania K000452580
Richards, M. [20982], Tanzania K000452628
Smith, P.A. [2332], Botswana K000511159
Procter, J.E.A. [42], Tanzania K000452605
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000431021
Tanner, R.E.S. [5588B], Tanzania K000452542
Koritschoner, H. [1174], Tanzania K000452559
Richards, H.M. [25085], Tanzania K000452550
Richards, M. [21005], Tanzania K000452636
Elliott [1213], Tanzania K000452552
Semsei, S.R. [Semsei3145], Tanzania K000452569
Stolz, A. [1577], Tanzania K000452618
Hedberg, O. [285], Tanzania K000452575
Miller, O.B. [1135], Botswana K000511156
Tanner, R.E.S. [5723], Tanzania K000452544
Bjornstad, A. [AB1260], Tanzania K000452624
Miller, O.B. [1275], Botswana K000511157
Bullock, A.A. [3000], Tanzania K000452584
Ruffo, C.K. [1792], Tanzania K000452572
Bruce, E.R. [855], Tanzania K000452608
Ruffo, C.K. [1504], Tanzania K000452574
Wild, H. [7072], Botswana K000511158
Burtt, B.D. [2434], Tanzania K000452534
Drummond, R.B. [2028], Tanzania K000452603
Richards, H.M. [7048], Tanzania K000452579
Tanner, R.E.S. [1837], Tanzania K000452549
Archbold, M.E. [161], Tanzania K000452568

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 247 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 16: 58.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 890

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barberá, P., Velayos, M. & Aedo, C. (2013). Annotated checklist and identification keys of the Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Phytotaxa 140: 1-25.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 96 (1921).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 247 (1851).
  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 216 (1974).
  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 53 (1936).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 50 (1952).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 192 (1962).
  • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 890 (1912).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 196 (1949).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 409 (1958).
  • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 833 (1866).
  • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147 (16): 58 (1924).
  • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 239 (1895).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 464 (1948).
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 246, t. 83.2 (1982)
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 198, t. 58/2 (1983).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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