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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Yemen, S. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree to 4 m, densely branched; stems ± glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Petiole 0.2–4.5(–7) cm long, glabrescent; leaf-blade triangular-ovate to elliptic-ovate, (1–)3–7(–9) x (0.7–)1–4.5(–5.5) cm, tip obtuse or obtusely acuminate, coarsely crenate or crenate-serrate; stipules 2–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes axillary, up to 5.5 cm long, with 1–7 female bracts at or near base, rarely unisexual
Morphology General Buds
Male buds pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Female bracts accrescent, 2–12 x 3–17 mm, dentate or crenate-dentate, glabrous or hairy on veins below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile, solitary, sepals 3, 1 mm long; ovary hairy; styles 4 mm long, white to red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2 x 3 mm, hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid-ovoid, 1.5–2 x 1–1.3 mm, brown; caruncle elliptic.
Distribution
S1–3 Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, south to Tanzania, Burundi, Malawi, Namibia; tropical Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Burma
Ecology
Altitude range 4–230 m.
Note
The Somali material belongs to var. fruticosa and has sessile yellowish glands on undersides of leaves, inflorescences and fruits, giving the plants an unpleasant smell. Var. eglandulosa A. R.-Sm. from S and E Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Burundi differs most obviously by the lack of yellow glands on the leaves and inflorescences, and by the lack of smell. It could turn up in the Flora area.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
A much-branched often aromatic (vars. fruticosa, villosa, leaves smelling of hops when crushed) shrub or small tree up to 4 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems sparingly to densely puberu-lous or pubescent or tomentose at first, later ± glabrescent, greenish at first, later becoming reddish-, greyish- or purplish-brown.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles 0.2–4.5(–7) cm. long, hairy ± as the stems; leaf-blade ovate, elliptic-ovate, triangular-ovate or ovate-rhomboid, (1–)3–7(–9) cm. long, (0.7)–1–4.5(–5.5) cm. wide, obtuse or obtusely, sometimes sub-acutely, gradually acuminate, mucronulate, cuneate or rounded, rarely shallowly cordate (var. eglandulosa), coarsely crenate or crenate-serrate, membranous to thinly chartaceous, (3–)5(–7)-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 4–5 pairs, the undersurface sparingly or evenly beset with small pellucid yellow glands (except var. eglandulosa), subglabrous or sparingly pubescent or pilose above and beneath, and more so on the midrib and main veins, bright yellow-green or dark green.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules triangular-lanceolate to subulate-lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, keeled, ciliate or not, evenly pubescent, or sometimes pubescent only on the keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences ± spicate, axillary, solitary, up to 5.5 cm. long, sometimes unisexual, but usually androgynous, with a sessile, subsessile or shortly pedunculate terminal male portion, densely congested at first but later ± interrupted, and 1–7 bracteate female flowers at or near the base; allomorphic flowers 0; axis evenly puberulous to densely tomentose; outer male bracts broadly ovate, somewhat cupular, 1 mm. long, densely pubescent; inner male bracts linear-subulate, 0.5 mm. long, gland-tipped (except var. eglandulosa), pubescent; female bracts somewhat leaf-like, strongly accrescent, broadly ovate or reniform, cupular, 0.2–1.2 cm. long, 0.3–1.7 cm. wide, rounded at the apex, rounded or shallowly cordate at the base, dentate or crenate-dentate, yellow gland-dotted beneath (except var. eglandulosa), often fairly prominently ribbed beneath, glabrous or subglabrous above, glabrous or sparingly or evenly pubescent beneath, especially on the ribs, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate; buds tetragonous-subglobose, densely pubescent. Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, ciliate; ovary subglobose-trilobate, 0.7 mm. diameter, ± smooth, with numerous yellow glands in the grooves between the lobes (except var. eglandulosa), densely pubescent or pilose; styles ± free to the base, 4 mm. long, laciniate, pink or red.
sex Male
Male flowers subsessile or shortly pedicellate; buds tetragonous-subglobose, densely pubescent.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3, ovate-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, ciliate; ovary subglobose-trilobate, 0.7 mm. diameter, ± smooth, with numerous yellow glands in the grooves between the lobes (except var. eglandulosa), densely pubescent or pilose; styles ± free to the base, 4 mm. long, laciniate, pink or red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits trilobate, 2 mm. long, 3 mm. diameter, yellow gland-dotted (except var. eglandulosa), evenly pubescent or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid-ovoid, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. wide, smooth, brown, with an elliptic vulviform caruncle.

Native to:

Botswana, Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [7783], India K000246961 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [7783], India K000246960 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 Shuter, J. [s.n], India K000246959 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [s.n], India K000246955 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [s.n], India K000246957 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [s.n], India K000246954 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [s.n], India K000246956 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1925 s.coll. [s.n], India K000246958 Unknown type material
Headley, P.M. [179], Ethiopia 6049.058
Ash [200], Ethiopia 900.012
Thompson, C. [306], Tanzania K000452464
Tanner, R.E.S. [4270], Tanzania K000452450
Tanner, R.E.S. [941], Tanzania K000452451
Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1430], Tanzania K000452454
Tanner, R.E.S. [1660A], Tanzania K000452455
Haarer, A.E. [734], Tanzania K000452459
Richards, H.M. [25544], Tanzania K000452460
Greenway, P.J. [11033], Tanzania K000452461
Tanner, R.E.S. [3303A], Tanzania K000452463
Haarer, A.E. [873], Tanzania K000452465
Lewis, H.A. [37], Tanzania K000452458
Burtt, B.D. [3729], Tanzania K000452452
Tanner, R.E.S. [4056], Tanzania K000452456
Koritschoner, H. [2154], Tanzania K000452453
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6637], Kenya K000696621
Chuwa, S. [3043], Tanzania K000452467
Beesley, J.S.S. [303], Tanzania K000452462
Pocs, T. [87232], Tanzania K000452466

First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 161 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 96 (1921).
  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 215 (1974).
  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 53 (1936).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 50 (1952).
  • Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 161 (1775).
  • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 895 (1912).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 197 (1949).
  • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 822 (1866).
  • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(16): 169 (1924).
  • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 239 (1895).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 468 (1948).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0